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Full text of "Love in action ; the story of the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina"

LOVE IN ACTION 



i \ 



The Story of the Baptist 
Children's Homes 

of 
North Carolina 



By 
WESTON C. REED 



BAPTIST CHILDREN'S HOMES OF NORTH CAROLINA, INC. 

THOMASVILLE, N. C. 

1973 



Copyright 1973 
Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina, Inc. 



Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 73-80348 



Printed in the U. S. A. by 
Edwards & Broughton Co., Raleigh, N. C. 



I 



CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION v 

CHAPTERS 

I. Summary of B. W. Spilman's History of the Mills Home.... 1 

II. Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer, 1932-1948 16 

III. Administration of Dr. Zeno Wall, 1948-1950 35 

IV. Administration of W. C. Reed, 1950-1958 40 

V. Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner, 1958- 63 

VI. The Board of Trustees, 1932-1970 82 

VII. Love in Action : Wills, Bequests, and Buildings, 

1932-1970 118 

VIII. The Children: Church, School, and Cottage Life 142 

IX. The Alumni and Their Love for the Homes 152 

APPENDIXES 

A. Personnel of the Baptist Children's Homes, 1932-1970....163 

B. Alumni Association Presidents: Mills Home and 

Kennedy Home 182 

C. Alumni Lost in Recent Wars 183 

Afterword by Mrs. W. C. Reed 185 



INTRODUCTION 

Baptists of North Carolina have been in the vanguard of progressive 
child care since The Baptist Children's Homes was established in 
1885*. It continues to hold that enviable position in 1970. In 1957 
the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina appointed a committee 
to study the several agencies and institutions that it sponsors. The 
committee was subdivided with one group to study the social service 
agencies. This group made a trip to Washington, D. C, to interview 
the staff of the Children's Bureau about what they considered good 
child care. The chairman of this subcommittee, the late Mr. T. P. 
Pruitt, later stated to the full committee that he asked the head of the 
Bureau what constitutes an excellent child care pragram. He answered, 
"Go back home and study your own program. We do not know of a 
child care program that is superior to the one sponsored by North 
arolina Baptists." This quote was given to me recently by Mr. W. B. 
Harrill of Cullowhee, who headed the subcommittee to study the 
colleges. 

It is agreed by all leading welfare authorities that children's homes 
such as ours are absolutely essential in this generation. Hence, an 
ever-increasing support by our great denomination is a must if we are 
to continue to blaze trails in this important phase of Christian service. 
Keep in mind that your children's homes were first in Mother's Aid in 
1920: four years later the North Carolina Legislature appropriated 
$50,000 for this worthy cause. Then a few years later the Federal 
government entered this field of service on a matching basis with the 
states and called it "Aid to Dependent Children," or "A.D.C." This 
action relieved the Baptists of the major burden of Mother's Aid. But 
there are still certain cases that cannot meet government standards. 
We now serve with financial aid an average of about sixty children 
each year while they continue to live with their own mothers. We were 
also among the first of the children's institutions to adopt the Foster 
Home Program, and we had the first trained social worker in any of 
the Southern child care agencies. In fact we had one of the first trained 
social workers in North Carolina. She entered this field in 1923 to 
supervise the Mother's Aid Program. 



* The Baptist Children's Homes has had several names since it was founded 
in 1885. The organization was first known as the Thomasville Baptist Orphan- 
age. Later the name was changed to the Mills Home. In 1935 the name was 
again changed to The Baptist Orphanage of North Carolina. The work was 
promoted under this title until 1957 when it became The Baptist Children's 
Homes of North Carolina, Inc. 



vi Love in Action 

Now a good child care program does not just happen. Back of it 
there is much thought, planning, and teamwork by a dedicated board 
of trustees, administration, and staff combined with a great deal of 
outside counseling. This book will attempt to set forth briefly how 
these groups, the churches, and many individuals have worked to- 
gether to strengthen the child care program of the North Carolina 
Baptists. To ascertain the facts, Mrs. Reed and I have read every issue 
of Charity and Children since it was founded in 1886. We have also 
read every annual report made by administration and staff from 1932 
through 1970. We have read the minutes of every executive committee 
and every board meeting during these years. We have read every word 
recorded in the annuals of the Bapitst State Conventions concerning 
child care since 1932. Since I became connected with the child care 
program of North Carolina in 1943, I have missed only one board 
meeting. So, for the past twenty-eight of the thirty-eight years covered, 
I have personally witnessed nearly all that took place. But the most 
important information I have used came from the alumni. About 
one thousand of them wrote to me stating just what the Homes had 
meant to them. 

The Baptists of North Carolina have loved the Children's Homes 
from the beginning. One of its greatest promoters was the late Dr. 
Charles E. Maddrey. When he was elected General Secretary of the 
Foreign Mission Board in 1930, many of our Baptist leaders wanted 
to bring all child care agencies into the Cooperative Program for their 
total support. Dr. Maddry refused to accept the position of the 
General Secretary until the Foreign Mission Board agreed to let him 
promote orphanage work by direct appeal to the churches if the 
Homes so desired. Dr. J. W. Lynch, eminent preacher, teacher, and 
scholar, spoke at the Baptist State Convention in 1938. Among other 
comments, he said, "It was my privilege to be present at the last an- 
nual meeting of the orphanage at Thomasville. The memory of that 
visit abides in my heart like a dream of Paradise Regained! I have 
stood reverent and subdued on many holy places on the earth from 
the riverside tomb where sleeps the father of our Country, to the 
skull-shaped mountain where was crucified our Lord; but never was 
my thought so pure, my heart so tender, and my feelings so holy as 
when I saw for the first time the hallowed spot where the dropped 
stitches of vanquished hands were being woven again in the loom of 
love. . . . The song that will live longest in my soul is not the great 
hymn, 'Throw out the Lifeline', sung by thirty-thousand young 
Christians and directed by Mr. Sankey; but it is that beautiful hymn, 
'God Will Take Care of You', sung by the little quartet of girls before 
the breakfast hour on this memorable occasion." Then in March 1953, 



Introduction vii 

a group of Southern Baptist child care executives met with some of 
the professors at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. Here the beloved seminary professor, the late Dr. 
J. B. Weatherspoon, said, "In my opinion the children's homes have 
done more to promote stewardship of giving than any other agency 
that Baptists support. Their first Biblical giving was to that worthy 
cause, and this stimulated them to give to missions and all other causes 
sponsored by our great Baptist denomination." The love of North 
Carolina Baptists has been clearly demonstrated by their ever increas- 
ing support. The total income in 1932 was $145,000 and in 1970 it 
was $1,682,500. The endowment has increased from $475,920 to 
$1,394,827. Surely these facts show love in action. 

To the ones who have made it possible for me to bring this history 
up to date, I am deeply grateful. They are the Board of Trustees, who 
authorized it; the administration, which has given perfect cooperation 
by making all records available; the alumni, who have freely shared 
their experiences with me, not only while they were at the Homes but 
also since they have been away; my friend, Marse Grant, who wrote 
the introduction to my administration; my son-in-law and my daugh- 
ter, Dr. and Mrs. T. L. Huguelet, who have read the manuscript and 
made many valuable suggestions; and my beloved wife, Mellie, without 
whose help and encouragement this work would never have been 
undertaken. 

W.C.R. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/loveinactionstorOOreed 



Chapter I 

SUMMARY OF B. W. SPILMAN'S HISTORY OF 
THE MILLS HOME* 

Chapter I. "The Beginning of Orphanage Work." It is worthy of 
note that the people of heathen lands have never made any effort to 
provide for orphan children. Since the beginning of the Christian era, 
all peoples who have been touched by the Bible have tried to make 
some provision for orphans. During the sixteenth, seventeenth, and 
eighteenth centuries, the countries of Europe made many attempts in 
this direction. Perhaps the greatest success was achieved in Germany, 
Italy, and England. Since church and state were united, orphanage 
work was usually under government subsidy. In 1836 the Reverend 
George F. Muller started an orphanage in Bristol, England, and di- 
rected it till his death in 1898. He never asked directly for money. 
He prayed much and kept the people informed of his needs. The needs 
were always met. 

In 1762 the colonial government of North Carolina provided for 
the apprenticeship of orphans. The persons to whom they were ap- 
prenticed agreed to furnish clothing, food, medicine, lodging, and 
schooling. The boys served until they were twenty-one, the girls until 
eighteen. When they were dismissed, the foster parents gave them a 
new suit of clothes, a new Bible, and six dollars. The orphans of 
North Carolina were cared for this way until after the Civil War. 
Andrew Johnson was apprenticed to a tailor in Raleigh. He ran away 
and "Kept running until he arrived in the White House in Washing- 
ton." 

In 1859 the Reverend Charles F. Deems, one of the greatest of 
Methodist ministers, opened a school for boys and girls in Wilson. In 
1861 almost all the boys left for the army. So many fathers were killed 
and so many children were left homeless that this great man decided 
to convert his school to a "Military College for Orphans of Con- 
federate Soldiers." A considerable sum was raised, but the tide of 
battle turned and conditions in the South became almost hopeless. 
When the war ended the state under the "mob rule" of the Legislature 
annulled the charter. The dreams of this man of God came to naught. 

Chapter II. "Preparation of a Pioneer." John H. Mills was born in 



* The Mills Home: A History of the Baptist Orphanage Movement in North 
Carolina, Thomasville, N. C, 1932. 



2 Love in Action 

Halifax County, Virginia, in 1831. His father was a Baptist minister 
and prominent farmer. When John was nineteen, it was decided that he 
must go to college. He entered Wake Forest College in 1850 and 
finished his A.B. degree in 1854 and his M.A. in 1857. After 
leaving Wake Forest, Mills taught in Dr. Waite's school, The Oxford 
Female Academy, for three years. Then he bought the school and 
operated it very successfully till 1866. He sold the Academy and 
moved to St. John's College (formerly operated by the Masons of this 
state) for one year. In 1867 he bought the Biblical Recorder and 
edited it for several years. While in this position he traveled all over 
the state and saw the great distress of the people, particularly the 
widows and orphans whose husbands and fathers had not returned 
from the terrible war. 

In 1872 Mr. Mills offered a resolution in the Grand Lodge of 
Masons, meeting in Raleigh, that brought the first child caring institu- 
tion into North Carolina. The Grand Lodge debated the resolution 
vigorously and the vote ended in a tie. The Grand Master, Mr. John 
Nichols of Raleigh, broke the tie in favor of the resolution. Thus, the 
Masons became the first organization in North Carolina to start 
orphanage work. Mr. Mills was elected superintendent, and in 1873 
the first children were admitted. Mr. Mills served as superintendent 
of this work until 1884. He left Oxford and moved to Thomasville 
with the intention of opening a school there, but "God had other 
plans for him." 

Chapters VI-XII 

Baptists Enter Orphanage Work — 
John Mills' Administration 

In 1869 the Baptists of Louisville, Kentucky, began orphanage 
work, but on a very small scale for many years. The Baptists of 
Philadelphia and Texas started in 1879. There were never many chil- 
dren served in Philadelphia, but Texas, under the leadership of its 
great founder, Robert Buckner, prospered from the first and is now 
the largest child-caring institution in the world. It was named "Buck- 
ner Orphans' Home." It is now titled "Buckner Benevolences." In 
1883 there was a good deal of agitation for a Baptist orphanage 
in North Carolina. A year later several articles appeared in the 
Biblical Recorder in favor of the movement. In July 1884, Dr. 
Columbus Durham, in an article in the Biblical Recorder, nominated 
a committee to draw up a suitable resolution to present to the 
Baptist State Convention at its annual meeting. He called for a second 
to the nomination. The second came from J. D. Hufham, pastor of the 
First Baptist Church of Scotland Neck. The committee nominated was 



Summary of Spilman's History 3 

J. H. Mills, W. R. Gwaltney, and R. D. Flemming. They were urged 
to have a resolution ready when the onvention met. The orphanage 
movement was discussed in the Biblical Recorder, in state publica- 
tions, and in the associational meetings. When the Baptist State Con- 
vention met in Raleigh in November, 1884, the orphanage was the 
chief topic of conversation. 

The carefully prepared resolution was read by Dr. Columbus Dur- 
ham. This resolution called for action by the Convention and the open- 
ing of an orphanage immediately. The Reverend A. G. McManus 
offered a substitute resolution calling for a committee to be appointed 
to study the matter and report back to the onvention one year later. 
Then Dr. Charles C. Taylor, president of Wake Forest College, offered 
a substitute for the substitute that would allow the work to start im- 
mediately. "Then the fireworks started." The debate was so heated 
and confused that Dr. R. L. Scarborough, president of the Con- 
vention, ruled all motions except the original, out of order. Then the 
friends of the movement, realizing that the resolution would be de- 
feated, moved to adjourn the Convention, thus cutting off debate. 
About five o'clock that same day, Dr. Taylor was walking by the First 
Baptist Church to catch a train to Wake Forest when he saw John 
Mills sitting on the front steps. Tears were plainly visible in his eyes. 
Dr. Taylor stopped and began talking with Mr. Mills. Soon others 
joined them. Dr. Taylor said that this movement was of God and man 
should not be allowed to stop it. He further suggested that the little 
group there on the steps go into the pastor's study and organize the 
orphanage outside the onvention. Seven of the leaders of the Baptist 
State Convention went into the study and organized the Baptist 
Orphanage Association. Dr. Taylor's name is first on the list. Dues 
were set at $1.00 per year. All seven present immediately joined. 
Word of this action was passed on to the Missions Committee which 
was then in session. Dr. Hufham left this meeting and joined the 
group, making a total of eight members. When the Convention con- 
vened that night, the announcement of the newly organized orphanage 
was made and the resolution was withdrawn from the floor. 

That night, after the Convention adjourned, a meeting of the 
Association was called and several others joined the movement. They 
unanimously elected John H. Mills as general manager, but he did 
not immediately accept the position. They also elected five trustees to 
hold title to property, and a visiting committee of five to help plan 
and direct the work. At the same meeting, officers were elected and a 
committee appointed to find a suitable location. "Interestingly, exactly 
one year later while the Convention was meeting in Reidsville, Mary 
Presson was being admitted to the orphanage as its first child." This 



4 Love in Action 

Convention of 1885 voted without a dissenting voice to admit the 
orphanage into our Convention as a vital part of its work. Perhaps 
from that day to this, no part of the Baptist program has been as 
close to the hearts of our people as their orphanage. 

Dr. John C. Scarborough, who for several years was superintendent 
of the public schools of North Carolina, was chairman of the commit- 
tee to find a suitable location for the Home. He visited every section 
of the state and made a careful study of many places. Finally he 
learned of a farm for sale near Hickory. He liked it very much and 
immediately raised money in Hickory to pay for the farm. But alas, 
when the seller learned what it was for, he doubled the price. Dr. 
Scarborough refused to be "held up." Now Dr. Scarborough visited 
Mr. Mills in Thomasville to talk the matter over with him. When he 
got off the train someone told him the L. W. Elliott farm, one mile 
west of Thomasville, was for sale. He got a friend to drive him out to 
the farm and casually looked it over. Then he went on one mile farther 
to Rich Fork where Mr. Mills was living. They talked till late at night, 
but no mention was made of the Elliott farm. The next morning Dr. 
Scarborough asked Mr. Mills to drive him over to the Elliott farm. 
Mr. Mills asked, "Why?" The only answer was, "Because." They 
looked the farm over carefully. Finally they stood on "Paradise Hill" 
near where the church is now located. They looked to the north, the 
south, the east, and the west. They saw two beautiful ridges running 
north and south with a lovely valley between. A bold spring was 
bubbling up in the heart of the valley and flowing to the south. Dr. 
Scarborough was first to speak. He said, "John, the search is over." 
For a moment Mr. Mills was silent. Then, as tears trickled down his 
cheeks, he said, "Thank God!" Immediately they went to town and 
found Mr. Elliott. Dr. Scarborough handed him ten dollars to bind the 
deal. Then when Mr. Elliott learned what it was to be used for, he 
made a substantial gift on the purchase price. So the Orphanage As- 
sociation paid only $1,150.00 for the original eighty acres, which is 
perhaps as suitable a location for a children's home as could be 
found anywhere in the state. Mr. Mills now wrote the chairman of the 
Association that he would accept the position as general manager of 
the orphanage. This was in early January, 1885. 

Mr. E. M. Peace was employed to clear the grounds, and three 
mules were bought for his use. Mills took to the road in search of 
funds. He went east, stopping in every hamlet and town; but when he 
finally reached Scotland Neck on Saturday, he had collected only a few 
dollars. About the time he arrived there snow and ice began to collect 
on the ground. Sunday morning found only a small number of people 
at the First Baptist Church where he was to speak. After he had 



Summary of Spilman's History 5 

spoken, they took an offering for the orphanage which amounted to a 
few dollars. Naturally he was becoming discouraged, but God has a 
way of brightening the hopes of His faithful servants. So on Monday 
morning the pastor, the Reverend Mr. Hufham, was walking along the 
street and met Mr. Noah Biggs, a faithful Baptist and prosperous mer- 
chant. He talked to Mr. Biggs about the orphanage. Mr. Biggs said he 
would give $1,000.00 to build a cottage for girls. They immediately 
notified Mr. John Watson of Warrenton what Mr. Biggs had done. He 
wired back that Noah Biggs could not outgive him. He said that he was 
ready to give $1,250.00 for a boys' cottage. This news spread into the 
Chowan Association and the Reverend John Mitchell and his brother, 
a merchant, gave a sufficient amount of money to build a cottage. 
When the Chowan Association met they subscribed $1,500.00 for 
still another cottage. The property was now paid for and four cot- 
tages assured before the orphanage became a part of the Convention 
in November, 1885. The Mitchell cottage was completed before the 
Convention met. It still stands at the close of 1969, and is almost as 
modern as those built this year. 

On July 14, 1887, John Mills started Charity and Children. The 
Visiting Committee heartily approved, but when the Orphanage As- 
sociation met on July 27 of the same year, they voted to discontinue 
the publication. The paper continued to be published each week 
through August and September. Then people began to inquire why 
their orders had not been observed. Mills was puzzled and asked, 
"What orders?" The resolution had been passed while he was absent 
from the meeting and he knew nothing about it. The Visiting Commit- 
tee was quickly summoned to meet at the orphanage, and provision 
was made for Charity and Children to be continued. The Baptist State 
Convention in November, 1887, raised sufficient money to purchase a 
new press, and Charity and Children was on its way. 

On March 11, 1889, the charter was changed by the General 
Assembly and the name was changed to the Thomasville Baptist 
Orphanage. The revised charter specified that there should be a Board 
of Trustees consisting of eighteen members. The Board was to be 
self-perpetuating. The Visiting Committee and the Orphanage As- 
sociation ceased to exist. The Thanksgiving offering and the once-a- 
month offerings were stressed from the first, but were rather slow to 
be adopted by the churches. The churches of the city of Durham raised 
sufficient money to erect the Durham cottage. Every association in 
the state was attended by some representative of the orphanage, and 
soon a steady stream of offerings began to come in for the support of 
the children. Often offerings were taken at the associations. At the 
end of five years the total value of the plant and machinery was listed 



6 Love in Action 

as $11,555.00. The income for the first year for support of the pro- 
gram was $5,975.07. The total of salaries for the fifth year was 
$3,024.06. There were ten employees and ninety-two children. 

As Mr. Mills traveled over the state he was deeply impressed by 
the needs of the feeble-minded children, the cripples, and those who 
were in trouble with the law. He was convinced that no child who was 
mentally, morally, or physically handicapped should be brought into 
the orphanage for care. In 1 890 he attempted to start a home for the 
feeble-minded. He was joined by President Taylor of Wake Forest, 
some Davidson professors, some University of North Carolina pro- 
fessors, and many other leading citizens. They were unable to get a 
capable person to lead the movement, so they had to abandon the 
project. Immediately Mr. Mills began to lecture and to use his pen 
freely in Charity and Children and other newspapers to advocate that 
North Carolina should establish a home for the feeble-minded, a 
reformatory for boys and one for girls, and a T. B. sanatarium. He 
suggested that the home for the feeble-minded be established on the 
Caswell farm that had recently been willed to Lenoir County. Then he 
turned his attention to the Baptists again and pleaded for a Baptist 
hospital. "Truly he was a prophet ahead of his time." 

Mr. Mills was a strong believer in small units as dormitories. Each 
building where the children lived had its own kitchen, dining room, 
school-room, and bedrooms. A well-trained teacher lived in each 
cottage along with the housemother and children. Mr. Mills lived on 
his own farm about one mile west of the orphanage grounds. He 
modeled the program somewhat after the one of Muller in England — 
"Pray much and let the people know your needs." The needs were 
usually met. In 1890 Mr. Simmons of the Tar River Association 
started a movement to raise funds for a cottage for small children. 
The fund soon grew to $500.00. Then he added $1,000.00. Soon the 
Simmons Nursery was completed. By the end of that year the work of 
child care had grown and now there were nine buildings: a chapel, 
five cottages, an infirmary, and two other buildings. Three hundred 
and sixteen more acres had been added to the original tract bought 
from Mr. Elliott. 

Early Routine at Mills Home. They all arose at 5 a.m., had prayers, 
and then study hall till 6:45. At 7:30 a.m. breakfast was served. Then 
school in the same building from 8: 10 till 12: 10. Lunch was served at 
12:30 — then back to school till 5:00 p.m. in winter. During the sum- 
mer months, half of the children worked mornings and half attended 
school. In the afternoons, those who had worked mornings went to 
school and the other half went to their chores. At 8:00 p.m. they all 
assembled in the chapel for worship. Religion was the center of life at 



Summary of Spilman's History 7 

the orphanage. The Lee Chapel, given by a lady in memory of her 
grandson, soon became the center of religious life on the campus. It 
was used on Sundays and Wednesdays for special guest speakers. It 
was used every other evening for Mr. Mills' Bible class. 

Closing Years of Mr. Mills' Administration, 1891-1895. During 
the first five years of the orphanage, Mr. Mills had been laying a firm 
foundation. These last years were spent largely in developing the 
program and increasing the income of the orphanage so as to provide 
a continuing support. The income for the year 1895 was $9,375.75. 
Charity and Children took in $1,131.50 through subscriptions. Charity 
and Children had many editors during this ten year period. The Baptist 
State Convention had appointed a committee, headed by Dr. W. L. 
Poteat, to study Charity and Children and report to the general meet- 
ing in November, 1895. They reported that the paper should be dis- 
continued. Their resolution carried, but the Convention at that time 
did not own any of the institutions, so the Trustees of the orphanage 
voted to continue the paper. Before the year had ended, they had se- 
cured Archibald Johnson as editor. Johnson served in this capacity for 
a period of forty years. Under his able leadership, Charity and 
Children became known as one of the best weeklies in the nation. 

One of the last requests of Mr. Mills was that the Trustees ask the 
state to inspect the orphanage regularly to see that it met all standards 
of sanitation. This request angered many Baptists, for they wanted the 
state to have nothing to do with their work. Mr. Mills was insistent for 
he knew that some institutions of child care were not run in a sanitary 
manner. In late 1895 Mr. Mills resigned as general manager, retired 
to his farm, and remained there until the Master called him Home 
three years later. "He lifted child welfare to a new level in the 
world," as Dr. Spilman expressed it. 

Chapters XIII-XVI 

"The Administration of J. B. Boone" 

Mr. Boone came to the work well prepared. In 1860 he entered 
Wake Forest College, but before he had time to finish he had to leave 
to join the Confederate Army. Later he studied in the Southern 
Baptist Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. When he finished the 
seminary, he located in Charlotte, North Carolina as a State Mis- 
sionary. Soon he was elected superintendent of the Charlotte school 
system. Here he organized the first graded school in the state. Later 
he served several churches as pastor and then moved on to the 
presidency of Judson College. He remained at Judson College for 
several years, preaching constantly in connection with his college 



8 Love in Action 

work. He and Mr. Mills were good friends and under his influence, 
M. L. Kesler was converted. He also coached A. T. Robinson and 
helped him prepare for entrance to Wake Forest College. Mr. Boone 
came to the orphanage in 1895 and remained as general manager 
until 1905. (Miss Sallie McCracken, who celebrated her 99th birth- 
day on January 16, 1969, came to work at the orphanage during 
Mr. Boone's tenure.) These were years of growth in staff, number of 
children, income, buildings, and in both the school and religious pro- 
grams. The salaries of housemothers were raised from $12.50 to 
$15.00 per month. Teachers were raised from $15.00 to $20.00 per 
month. Of course all were furnished room and board. During Mr. 
Boone's administration, his charming wife served as lady principal 
of the school. She was one of the most popular employees the 
orphanage has ever had. During Mr. Boone's administration a mod- 
ern school plant was erected in the center of the campus. Other build- 
ings erected during this administration included a house for the 
general manager, a print shop, a shoe shop, an industrial building, 
and a number of barns. But more important than these were the 
cottages for housing children. They include: the Mother's Building 
financed by Mr. J. A. Durham of Charlotte in memory of his mother; 
the Fleming Nursery; the Whitty Building by John C. Whitty of New 
Bern in memory of his daughter, Rowana; the Aydlett Building; the 
Chowan Building; the Durham Building by the city of Durham and 
the Mount Zion Association. Other buildings erected during this 
administration were the Central Dining Room, and the Richardson 
Library by the Reverend J. B. Richardson in memory of his father. 
Water works were installed at a cost of $12,373.70. To quote Dr. Spil- 
man, "Boone takes his place among Orphanage workers as a Master 
Builder." During Mr. Boone's administration the endowment in- 
creased from $2,210.00 to $102,210.00. The value of the plant in- 
creased from $25,000.00 to more than $98,000.00 and the number 
of children increased to 295. This was now the largest Baptist 
orphanage in America with the exception of Buckner Orphanage of 
Texas. During this same period, under the able leadership of Mr. 
Archibald Johnson, Chanty and Children prospered. The circulation 
increased to 7,000, and much job-printing was done. "Mr. Johnson 
was the most widely quoted editor of any weekly paper in North 
Carolina," according to Dr. Spilman. 

The Sunday School was greatly strengthened during Mr. Boone's 
administration. There had been only one class. Now the school build- 
ing with the combination auditorium and sanctuary was used for all 
church programs. There were six Sunday School classes. During this 
administration the church had many pastors, most of them able men. 



Summary of Spilman's History 9 

The school was now better organized and four teachers taught six 
grades. The water supply and sanitary systems were finished in 1904. 
The great expense of these new systems caused a great deal of 
criticism of Mr. Boone; so in 1905, he declined re-election. The 
Trustees turned to Dr. Martin Luther Kesler and elected him to suc- 
ceed Mr. Boone. Dr. Kesler served as general manager longer than 
any other person has ever served: from 1905 to 1932. 

Chapters XVII-XXV 

Dr. M. L. Kesler's Administration 

Mr. Kesler was bora in Iredell County in 1858. He was seven years 
old when the Civil War ended. He worked on his father's farm until 
he was twenty-one years of age. He was educated in the Cool Springs 
Academy and the Moravian Falls School, working his way in the lat- 
ter. He entered Wake Forest College in 1885 and graduated three 
years later. Then he entered the Southern Baptist Theological Semi- 
nary from which he received his Th.M. degree in 1891. He served 
churches as pastor in South and North Carolina. He served in many 
places of honor and distinction: Trustee of Wake Forest College, 
Trustee of Meredith College and Trustee of the Child Welfare League 
of America. While in South Carolina he married Miss Ethel Brown of 
Aiken. She was truly a helpmeet in every sense of the word during 
his many years of service. Miss Eulalia Turner joined the Mills Home 
staff in 1899 as lady principal of the school. With their dedicated 
staff, they continued to build on the foundations laid so well by Mr. 
Mills and Mr. Boone. During his early years there, electric lights were 
installed in all buildings, and the Industrial Building was completed. 
West Chowan Cottage was erected with money raised by the West 
Chowan Association, and a church sanctuary was built in connec- 
tion with the school plant. It served as a church sanctuary and a 
school auditorium until it was razed to erect the present church 
building. The money to add the sanctuary to the school building was 
given by Dr. W. S. Little. The Miles Durham Nursery was also built 
in 1915. By 1910 the number of children had increased to 494, the 
endowment to $109,333.00, and the plant value to $234,625.00. At 
the beginning of the orphanage work no one dreamed that its value 
would ever go beyond $100,000.00. So the charter had to be changed 
by the Legislature to provide for the Institution to own as much as 
$500,000.00. During these years new buildings were erected as 
needed, and the number of children in care increased. Mr. Kesler 
abandoned the central dining room in 1918 and went back to the 
original plan of making each cottage a home with its own dining room. 



10 Love in Action 

This added to the cost, but they were trying to do what was best for 
the child. In 1910 the school added grades up through the 9th. Miss 
Hattie Edwards was elected as principal. In 1915 the 10th grade was 
added. 

A swimming pool was constructed in 1919 and in 1920 the Ad- 
ministration Building was completed. It was built with money pro- 
vided by Mrs. Frances I. Barnes and her son, K. M. Barnes, in memory 
of their late husband and father. The Hutchinson Cottage was erected 
in 1922. The Kindergarten was financed by Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. 
Haywood of Durham in 1924. The same year the Downing Cottage 
was erected by Mr. H. B. Downing of Fayette ville. Although the 
orphanage did not share in the receipts from the 75 million dollar 
campaign which closed in 1924, the impetus of this drive spilled over 
to it, so that the regular offerings increased from $103,000.00 in 1919 
to $170,000.00 in 1920. This added income made possible some much 
needed repair on some of the buildings. Other buildings erected about 
this time were the Greene Building in 1924 and the general manager's 
new home in 1929 with money provided by Mrs. H. A. Stokes of 
Winston-Salem in memory of her father, the late Dr. H. A. Brown. 
During these years Charity and Children continued to prosper. In 
1924 the circulation was twenty-five thousand copies. In 1928 the 
charter was again amended and the name of the Children's Homes 
was changed to "The Mills Home." 

In 1920 Dr. Kesler decided that no child should be removed from 
his mother because of poverty. Hence, he persuaded the Trustees to 
send to select committees from several churches and on an experi- 
mental basis, certain amounts of money to be distributed to worthy 
mothers who had made application to put their children in the 
orphanage. This he called "Mother's Aid." This proved so successful 
that in 1923 he appointed Miss Hattie Edwards to travel over the state 
and supervise this program. By 1927 the orphanage was serving 84 
mothers and 365 children under this program. At the close of this year 
Miss Edwards reported that she had placed an additional 130 children 
with relatives who were meeting their needs. This was the beginning of 
the Social Service Department, which has been a vital part of our work 
ever since. With the children at Mills Home, Kennedy Home, and un- 
der Mother's Aid, we were now serving more than one thousand chil- 
dren. 

In 1919 the Board of Trustees made a great step forward by pro- 
viding the annuity plan for the employees. Here Dr. Spilman makes 
this pertinent statement: "There is no case in history where the 
pastor keeps the people informed that some do not respond." That was 



Summary of Spilman's History 11 

true then; it is equally true now. Dr. Spilman goes on to pay fitting 
tribute to the Trustees and others who have served during the past 
years. 

Space does not permit a repetition of the employees' names here. 
Only a few can be mentioned. Dr. E. Norfleet Gardner was called in 
1925 as the first full-time pastor of the Mills Home Church. This was 
a new day in the lives of the children and the employees. Dr. Gardner 
moved to another pastorate in 1929 but he never lost his love for the 
children's work. In 1929 the Reverend John Arch McMillan was 
called from Wake Forest College, where he served as alumni secretary 
and field representative of the College, to the pastorate of the Mills 
Home Church and Assistant Editor of Chairity and Children. Mr. 
McMillan was not only a good writer, but he made a great impression 
as he traveled over the state seeking news and lecturing on behalf of 
the orphanage. 

Dr. Spilman closes his book with the intriguing story of the founding 
of Kennedy Home. William Lafayette Kennedy was born near Falling 
Creek Station, seven miles west of Kinston, on November 18, 1845. In 
1856 the family moved to 1,250 acres of fertile farm land where 
Kennedy Home is now located. Young Kennedy attended school in 
Kinston. In 1874 he married Emily Hardee. Miss Hardee's mother 
was a member of the Parrott family of Kinston. Neither Mr. nor Mrs. 
Kennedy was a member of any church, but often attended services at 
the First Baptist Church of Kinston. They read CJiarity and Children 
and early became interested in the work at Mills Home. As they grew 
older and had no children, they began to give much thought to the 
ultimate disposition of their farm and other valuable holdings. They 
almost decided to make a will and leave the farm to the Baptist 
Orphanage at Thomasville. But after careful thought they called Dr. 
B. W. Spilman, who had married one of their nieces, to come to their 
home for a visit After they had talked together for awhile, they 
stated that they would like to see their dream come true during their 
lifetime and suggested that a local branch of the orphanage be located 
on their farm. Dr. Kesler was contacted and he came to Kinston im- 
mediately. It was decided that there was great need for an Eastern 
Branch of the Orphanage and that the Kennedy Farm would be an 
ideal location. On April 26, 1912, the property was transferred to the 
Baptist Orphanage of North Carolina with the provision that an 
Eastern Branch of same be located here. The Kennedys reserved the 
colonial house and fifty acres of land for their use during their life- 
time. 

In 1911 Mr. Herman Canady, a prosperous merchant of Kinston, 



12 Love in Action 

who had married another niece of the Kennedys, was placed on the 
Orphanage Board of Trustees. No man ever had greater love for the 
program than he. When advice or financial assistance was needed, he 
was always ready to respond. In the fall of 1913, Mr. Hartwell Scar- 
borough was elected first superintendent of Kennedy Home. He began 
the building program. Again Mr. Noah Biggs of Scotland Neck gave 
money for the first children's cottage just as he had at Mills Home. 
Simultaneously, Mr. Herman Canady raised money among the citi- 
zens of Lenoir County for another building for children. Much of 
this money was given by Mr. Canady. These buildings were completed 
in 1914 and the first children were admitted on June 5 of that same 
year. Dr. B. W. Spilman preached the first sermon delivered at 
Kennedy Home on August 9, 1914, using the 23rd Psalm as a text. 
Then on September 15, 1914, a large crowd of people from all areas 
of Eastern North Carolina gathered for the formal opening of Ken- 
nedy Home. Mr. Kennedy presented the farm: Mr. Biggs and Mr. 
Canady presented the two buildings, and Dr. Kesler, as general 
manager, gratefully accepted these wonderful gifts. Mr. Scarborough 
remained with the work for only one year. 

The Reverend G. L. Merrell was elected to succeed Mr. Scar- 
borough as superintendent. He began his duties on January 1, 1915, 
serving for a period of two years. During his administration the Fall- 
ing Creek Post Office was discontinued, and the address of Kennedy 
Home was changed to Kinston, North Carolina, Route 3. In 1917 the 
Board of Trustees voted to erect a chapel for worship on the campus. 
During these years the number of children cared for was constantly 
increasing. 

In January, 1918, the Reverend Theodore B. Davis assumed 
the duties of superintendent. He served well until 1924. The chapel 
that had earlier been started was completed in 1919. He changed the 
central dining room located in the Biggs Building, and placed a dining 
room and kitchen in each cottage where children lived. The small 
tenant houses were moved down near Falling Creek, and the grounds 
generally beautified. The chapel was used both for church and school. 
High school students were transferred to Mills Home at Thomasville. 

The third cottage at Kennedy Home was erected by Mrs. Kennedy 
in memory of her father, Mr. Pinkney Hardee. The story in connection 
with this building is a most unusual one. Each birthday, each wedding 
anniversary, and on other special occasions, Mr. Kennedy. bought his 
lovely wife a large diamond from a New York jeweler. These were 
later set in a large broach (her picture still hangs on the wall of the old 
dining room with these beautiful diamonds almost sparkling as you 



Summary of Spilmcm's History 13 

gaze at them). Mrs. Kennedy was proud of these jewels and often 
wondered what would happen to them after she was gone. Finally she 
called her husband in for a serious discussion of the matter. Then she 
revealed that she would like for him to take them back to the jeweler 
from whom he had purchased them and convert them into cash to 
erect a building for boys in memory of her father. This was done and 
the Hardee Building was erected. During the construction of the build- 
ing, Mrs. Kennedy became seriously ill. She urged the builders to 
complete the building as soon as possible. Work was started in June, 
1917. Her illness gradually grew worse as time passed. She often had 
the chauffeur drive her up the avenue where she could watch the 
progress that was being made. In early May, 1918, she asked the 
builder, "Do you think you will make it?" His reply was, "We will 
try." So on May 10 the builder came to the Kennedy mansion, handed 
the keys to Mrs. Kennedy, and informed her that the building was 
completed in every detail. With a smile she simply said, "Thank you!" 
That night Mrs. Emily Hardee Kennedy's spirit joined the Heavenly 
Band, but her work lives on in the lives of hundreds of fine citizens 
who have been given a chance in life because of her noble gifts. Dur- 
ing Mr. Davis's administration much progress was made. A barn and 
other needed buildings were constructed. Electric lights were in- 
stalled in the cottages and much improvement was made on the cam- 
pus. The work continued to prosper and grow. 

When Mr. Davis announced his intention to resign and return to 
his old home in Zebulon to publish a paper, Mr. Raymond H. Hough 
was selected to succeed him as superintendent of Kennedy Memorial 
Home. Mr. Hough was serving as president of the Sylva Collegiate 
Institute, a mountain mission school operated by the Home Mission 
Board of the Southern Baptist Convention. Mr. Davis left the last of 
March, 1924, and Mr. Hough moved in and took charge of the pro- 
gram on April 1 of the same year. He remained until June 28, 1928, 
when he left to become general manager of the Virginia Baptist 
Orphanage located at Salem. He made a very fine contribution to 
the work at Kennedy Home and was greatly loved by the children 
and by the Baptist people throughout the state. One cottage for 
children was built during his administration and every phase of the 
work was strengthened. 

When Mr. Raymond Hough resigned, the Trustees immediately 
turned to his younger brother, Mr. Joseph Hough, who was then 
principal of the Moss Hill School in Lenoir County. He accepted 
and became superintendent of Kennedy Home on June 10, 1928. He 
was still serving in this capacity when Dr. Spilman's history of The 



14 Love in Action 

Mills Home was concluded. Some years earlier, in 1918, Mrs. 
Jacob T. Parrott had died and left the residue of her estate to Kennedy 
Home to erect an infirmary, but the will contained a codicil stating 
that the money should not be used until after the death of her second 
husband. Then it should be used to build the Moore Infirmary in 
memory of her first husband, William Croom Moore, from whom she 
had inherited her property. This building was finished in 1929 and fif- 
teen of the older girls moved into it. Of course sufficient space 
was provided for the Infirmary. Many other progressive steps were 
taken by Joseph C. Hough during his administration. Among those 
that have had a very wholesome impact upon the program are the 
following: the old barns were torn down and new two-story barns 
replaced them. These will last for generations. The dairy herd was 
developed and a good beef herd started. The beef herd was destined 
to become one of the best in the state. It has played a major part 
in adjusting many homesick boys. A mill house was built and a 
hammer mill installed to grind feed for the cattle and hogs. A num- 
ber of silos were erected. In 1930, after the death of Mr. Kennedy, 
the Houghs moved into this beautiful colonial home which the Ken- 
nedys had occupied during their entire married life. It is one of the 
most beautiful homes in Eastern North Carolina. Like the superin- 
tendents before him, Mr. Hough stressed the religious life of the chil- 
dren. The church at Kennedy Memorial Home was organized by 
Mr. James A. McDaniels and other neighbors before the first child 
arrived in 1914. It has been central in the program there ever since. 
Many able pastors have served and ministered to the children and 
employees through the years. At the conclusion of Dr. Spilman's 
history, the Reverend A. J. Smith, pastor of the First Baptist 
Church of Goldsboro, was preaching one Sunday afternoon each 
month. In addition he came to the Home often for counseling and 
other services. A well-organized Sunday School was carried on regu- 
larly. When some visiting minister was not present on Sunday morning, 
either Mr. Hough or Dr. Spilman preached. The children were never 
without regular worship services on Sunday mornings. 

I might add a postscript. For many years Dr. Spilman, with no 
official connection with the Kennedy Home other than being a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trustees, lived on the Kennedy Home campus 
and preached to the group often. Perhaps he had a greater impact 
upon the spiritual lives of the children and on the campus in general 
than any of the pastors who served the church during those early 
years. He often walked up and down the campus, and was always 
surrounded by a group of children. He was among the greatest story 
tellers of his generation, and at Homecomings and other occasions 



Summary of Spilman's History 15 

when groups of the older boys and girls get together, one of their 
chief topics is this great man. They often repeat certain of his stories 
and tell what a wholesome influence he had in shaping their lives. 
Like the Kennedys, he will live on and help to mold the character 
of boys and girls as long as Kennedy Home remains a childcaring 
institution. 



Chapter II 

ADMINISTRATION OF DR. I. G. GREER, 

1932-1948 



Dr. Isaac G. Greer was born on December 5, 1881, and reared 
in the Zionville Community of Watauga County, North Carolina. He 
was the son of Phillip and Mary Greer who, by precept and ex- 
ample, instilled in their young son the basic traits of honesty, trust- 
worthiness, courage, industry, and Christian morals. These high 
ideals were destined to play a major role in his life in every field of 
endeavor that he undertook. 

As a boy, he worked on their mountain farm with his father and 
brothers. On this farm they raised cattle, sheep, and hogs, as well 
as produce and grain crops. Young I. G. learned early in life the 
value of hard work. This, too, played a vital part in his later life, 
for his day's work was never ended so long as there was a need to 
be met. Not only did he work hard in the regular tasks that were 
assigned to him, but he was one of the most popular speakers of 
his generation. He never made a speech without spending long hours 
in preparation. He used to tell this story: "When I was a small boy 
my father and all the Greer boys were working in the corn field one 
hot day. Father said, Tke, you go to the house and bring a bucket of 
cold water'." He had to pass by the barn yard and he heard the 
sheep bell high upon the mountain. He cupped his hands, put them 
around his mouth, and called as loud as he could for the sheep to 
come to him. Then he heard the old bellwether start down the 
hillside. Of course he knew all the others were following. Soon they 
appeared at the barn and he went on to get the water for those 
toiling in the field. His father said, "Ike, I thought I heard you calling 
the sheep." "Oh, yes," I replied, "and they every one came." "Did you 
feed them?" asked father. "No, I had no feed for them." He said his 
father took him out into some woodlands nearby, and when he had 
finished his punishment, he said, "Ike, I have never called them unless 
I had some feed for them." Dr. Greer thereafter insisted that no 
minister or public speaker had any right to call a group of people 
together until he was ready to feed them. 

Dr. Greer received his education in the elementary school at 
Zionville, his high school work at Boone, and was graduated from the 
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1910. Along with 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 17 

many of the leaders of his generation, he worked his way while at 
Chapel Hill by serving tables and doing other odd jobs. Later he 
took graduate work at Columbia University. In 1942 Wake Forest 
conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

During all his formative years young Greer was taking consider- 
able interest in folk songs and ballads which were so prevalent in 
the mountain area where he was reared. These were to play a most 
important part in the promotion of his future work. He was as noted 
for his folk songs and ballads as for his speaking. Mrs. Greer played 
the dulcimer and he sang ballads to the delight of thousands of people 
throughout the nation and in some European countries. 

After completing his education, Dr. Greer returned to his native 
mountains to work with the young people of that area. He taught in a 
one-teacher school in his native county for two years. Then he went 
to the Appalachian State Teacher's College (now Appalachian State 
University). Here he taught in the History Department for twenty-two 
years. He was greatly loved and respected by his students and fellow 
teachers. They loved him not only for what he taught but also for the 
high principles that he exemplified in his everyday life. 

Dr. Greer told me the following story which made a deep impres- 
sion on him. When he taught his first school, he boarded with a 
well-to-do farmer and his wife. They gave him a room on the second 
floor. He began to unpack his suitcase and put his clothes in the 
dresser drawers. When he pulled out the bottom drawer he dis- 
covered a large sum of money. He was naturally greatly excited and 
went down and reported to the housewife. "Yes," she said, "that is 
our life savings. We never put any money in the bank, but when 
we get a little extra, we put it away in that drawer." "But I am a 
stranger to you, and surely you will not trust a stranger to live in the 
room where you keep your money." She replied, "I know your 
parents and I know our school committee. They would never put 
any one in charge of the school unless they knew he was honest. If 
you can be trusted with the children of this community, certainly you 
can be trusted with the money." 

While living in Boone, Mr. Greer represented his county for one 
term in the State Legislature. He also served on the Board of Alder- 
men of Boone and served as Moderator of the Three-Forks Baptist 
Association. 

In 1928, the Baptist State Convention elected this young moun- 
taineer to the Board of Trustees of Mills Home, as it was then called. 
Then in 1932, when Dr. M. L. Kesler was killed late one night 
when he drove his car into the side of a fast-moving freight train in 
front of the entrance to the Mills Home grounds, the Trustees im- 



18 Love in Action 

mediately turned to Dr. Greer to lead this most important program 
of Baptist work. He accepted the appointment and served from Oc- 
tober 1, 1932 until he resigned in 1948. He had now reached re- 
tirement age, but he accepted the position of Executive Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Business Foundation at the University of North Carolina. 
He led this program with great distinction until 1954. 

In 1916, Dr. Greer was married to the very talented and cultured 
Miss Willie Spainhour of Morganton. To this couple were born two 
boys: I. G., Jr., and Joseph. I. G., Jr. is serving with the United 
States Air Force, and Joseph is administrator of the Children's Hos- 
pital in Chicago. 

The general superintendent's wife does not necessarily get to 
know the people over the state as well as her husband does, but she 
often has greater influence on the children than he. At the Children's 
Home, the Greers served as a team in helping the children to set 
high Christian standards for their lives. The following story about 
Mrs. Greer is told in the January 11, 1934, issue of Charity and 
Children. Just before Christmas a ten year old boy went to Mr. 
Greer's home with a large possum that he had caught and killed. 
When he rang the door bell, Mrs. Greer met him and he asked her 
if she would like to buy the possum. Mrs. Greer, seeing the dead 
animal with a silly grin on its face, backed away and said that she 
did not think she wanted to buy it. The boy blushed and went away 
with a look of disappointment. In a few hours the same boy re- 
turned and handed Mrs. Greer a package neatly wrapped with a 
beautiful bow of ribbon. She opened it and found a package of 
needles. Now, for the first time, she realized what had taken place. 
The boy had found someone who had purchased the possum, and he 
had taken the money and bought her a Christmas present. She 
managed to thank him, but when Dr. Greer came to the house a bit 
later, he found Mrs. Greer in tears. This incident made a lasting 
impression on Mrs. Greer, and not many children came to her to sell 
something thereafter without making a deal. No one has ever been 
kinder to the children than she was during her long stay on the 
campus. This happy marriage was broken by the death of Mrs. 
Greer in 1959, several years after they moved to Chapel Hill. 

In 1963 Dr. Greer was married to Mrs. Hattie O'Briant of Rocky 
Mount, who had lost her husband in death some years earlier. This 
marriage proved to be a great blessing. She drove him to numerous 
places where he continued to lecture until his last illness. After sev- 
eral months of illness, Dr. Greer slipped into the Great Beyond on 
November 24, 1967. Mrs. Greer says, "During those few short years 
with Dr. Greer, I met many of the most wonderful people I have 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 19 

ever known. Truly our life together was happy although the time was 
very short." 

The honors conferred upon Dr. Greer by the leaders of his gen- 
eration are too numerous to mention in this brief biography. Here I 
shall mention only three: Appalachian State University has named a 
building in honor and now in memory of him; and The Children's 
Homes named the recreation building in his honor. The Children's 
Home at Chapel Hill is named the Greer Home in his honor. 
Physically he has gone from us, but his works will represent him for 

many generations to come. 

* * * 

When Dr. Greer assumed leadership of the Children's Homes in 
1932, our nation was just passing through the great depression. The 
Homes were in debt and supplies were hard to get. So Dr. Greer 
started out to put these needs before the people. Fortunately, he in- 
herited and always kept a fine team of workers at the Homes. This 
enabled him to spend much time among the churches and the people 
over the state. It is safe to say that Dr. Greer was the greatest 
money raiser connected with any one of our Baptist institutions at 
that time. He had a story to tell, and he told it in simple language, 
always illustrating his lectures with stories about the children. These 
stories were filled with humor, pathos, and human interest. At one 
moment, his congregation would be crying, and the next moment 
they would be convulsed with laughter, but he never failed to get re- 
sults. He never begged for money. In fact, I have heard him say he 
never asked anyone for money. He told the people about the needs 
of the children, and the needs were met. 

The size of the problem that faced Dr. Greer when he became 
general manager in September, 1932 is illustrated in the fact that 
the Homes had spent $23,985.07 more than they received in 1931. 
In 1932 they spent $32,240.62 more than their income. Dr. Greer 
had to reduce the salaries of all the workers. He realized that the 
Homes could not continue to spend more than the income without 
serious danger to the program. By the close of 1933, he had in- 
creased the income from a deficit to a surplus of $12,430. Only 
one year during Dr. Greer's long ministry did he spend more than the 
regular income. 

In 1933 the Kennedy Home library building was finished and a 
great number of books were given by many different people. Dr. 
Spilman led in this movement. The library was named "The Perry 
Morgan Library." Several changes in and additions to the building 
have been made since then. It is now (1970) used as an office 
building for the Kennedy Home staff. 



20 Love in Action 

In the August 1934 issue of Chanty and Children is a report 
that Dr. Spilman had finished an apartment to the Moore Building 
on the Kennedy Home campus. Dr. Spilman lived on the Kennedy 
Home campus for many years, two of these years in this apartment 
at the Moore Building. In 1936 Dr. Spilman gave $14,000 to erect 
the building that was named in memory of his first wife, "Mozelle 
Pollock." The Homes added $2,500 to this sum to complete the 
cottage. This building was erected to accommodate twelve girls and a 
housemother as well as a very beautiful apartment into which Dr. 
Spilman moved. This proved to be one of Dr. Spilman's best invest- 
ments, for he soon married the housemother, Miss Esther Ward. They 
had a very happy life together until Dr. Spilman was called to his 
reward on March 26, 1950. 

In 1933 the Board of Trustees added to the responsibilities of the 
general superintendent by making him Purchasing Agent for the 
Homes. He was to be assisted by the treasurer and the superin- 
tendent of Kennedy Home. At the same time all Endowment funds 
were put in the hands of the treasurer and the Homes' attorney. 
This policy was followed for about two years when the Wachovia 
Bank of Winston-Salem was made fiscal agent for the Homes. 

During the year 1934, Dr. Greer, with permission from the Board 
of Trustees, purchased the Martin Farm near the Mills Home to add 
to their pasture land. One year later he suggested to the attorney, Mr. 
Thomas P. Pruitt, that he get the State Legislature to pass a law 
requiring the Clerk of Court to notify all beneficiaries in a will 
when it was probated. The law was passed, but is not universally 
observed. Many wills have been distributed without some of the 
beneficiaries knowing about it. All the above shows that the work 
continued to grow under Dr. Greer's new leadership. 

At the Board meeting in 1935, the general manager's title was 
changed to "General Superintendent," and the name of the organiza- 
tion was changed from "Mills Home" to the "Baptist Orphanage of 
North Carolina, Inc." The institution at Thomasville was to retain 
the name "Mills Home," and the institution in Lenoir County was 
to be known as "The Kennedy Memorial Home." The Baptist State 
Convention at its next meeting approved of these changes, and the 
charter in Raleigh was changed to correspond to the new titles. 

In 1935 the Canady Building on the Kennedy Home' campus was 
dedicated. It was named in honor of Mr. Herman Canady of Kinston 
who had raised the money from Lenoir County citizens. Much of 
this money he himself gave. Canady Building now houses sixteen 
boys. In 1936, the Board authorized Dr. Greer to build a brick- 
veneer building on the Mills Home campus to be used as a voca- 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 21 

tional building. It was to contain six rooms. Also he was to repair 
the old Miller Cottage that had been damaged by fire. The Board set 
aside $17,500 for these projects. 

In 1937 Dr. Greer was authorized to spend $1,000 to hard-surface 
the roads on the Mills Home campus. While this amount put only a 
narrow strip of asphalt from one entrance to the other, it was a start 
in the right direction. 

In 1939 the Administration Building at Mills Home was renovated 
and more rooms provided for case workers. This was not to cost in 
excess of $20,000. In 1943, Mr. C. M. Wall and his brother, C. C. 
Wall, Sr., erected a dwelling on the Wallburg Farm which had 
previously been given to Mills Home by their father. 

In 1940 the Kennedy Home office building was completed. This 
was an addition to the Perry Morgan Library. Part of the money 
had been raised from private sources and the balance of $10,000 
came from undesignated funds. The Huffman Cottage was completed 
this same year. 

In 1942 the Children's Homes purchased the cars of Dr. Greer 
and Superintendent Hough of Kennedy Home. Gas was rationed and 
almost impossible to get for a private car. A little later the Homes 
furnished cars for all who had to do a lot of traveling. This proved 
beneficial, for it enabled the administration and case workers to keep 
the work before the people of the state. 

On April 16, 1943, at a called meeting of the Board of Trustees, 
the Executive Committee accepted the resignation of Mr. J. C. 
Hough as superintendent of Kennedy Home to join a business firm. 
The Board approved this action and a committee was appointed to 
find a successor. At their next meeting on June 15, 1943, W. C. 
Reed was unanimously elected to this position. At the same meeting 
Miss Sarah Elmore's title was changed to superintendent of Mills 
Home. Before this action of the Board, she had been titled "Lady 
Manager." The Trustees also authorized the superintendent of Ken- 
nedy Home to buy lunches for all the children at the LaGrange 
School cafeteria. 

Perhaps during the years 1944-1948 more improvements were 
made in the Kennedy Home cottages than ever before in a similar 
period. All buildings were completely renovated and the number of 
children in a cottage reduced. Bathrooms were installed on the 
second floor where the children slept. The bedrooms were re- 
worked, repainted, and refurnished. Curtains and draperies were 
replaced where necessary. Then all living rooms, dining rooms, and 
play rooms were refinished and equipped with new furniture through- 
out. Electric stoves and stainless steel sinks were placed in all kitchens, 



22 Love in Action 

and circulating heat was installed in all buildings to replace the old 
coal stoves that were in the living rooms and kitchens. AH woodwork 
on the outside of the buildings was repainted. 

On December 16, 1947, Dr. Greer resigned. One of the last 
things he did with reference to buildings was to let contracts for 
freezer-locker plants at Mills Home and Kennedy Home. These have 
enabled the Homes to keep vegetables, fruits, meats, and other com- 
modities in large quantities. 

Dr. Zeno Wall was elected as general superintendent. At the 
same meeting the Trustees elected Dr. Greer to fill the unexpired 
term of Dr. Wall on the Board of Trustees and immediately elected 
him chairman of the Board. Dr. Wall's term was to begin January 1, 
1948. 

Dr. Greer's Co-workers 

I wish it were possible to write a few words about all who have 
served with the four general superintendents. However, there have 
been more than a thousand people involved. In this brief history, I 
can mention only the ones who have supervised the programs of 
work. In fact, I may not be able to mention all of them, for some 
with the title of supervisor may have been working under another 
supervisor, or some may be missed by oversight. Farming, gardening, 
dairying, and other activities have been placed under the general 
farm manager. Please keep in mind that all who have worked in 
this program of child care, whatever the position, have helped some 
child to gain self esteem and find a wholesome way of life. 

Dr. P. M. Sherrill, Physician 

Dr. Sherrill was one of the prominent physicians in the city of 
Thomasville. He served the children of Mills Home for eighteen 
years. He was never too busy, nor the days too rainy, nor the nights 
too dark, for him to come to Mills Home when he was needed. The 
only payment he would accept was for the actual expenses of medi- 
cine and transportation. He said, "The joy I get from working with 
this group of children and watching them develop into strong healthy 
young men and women is payment enough for me." This writer 
watched him carry a little girl who had rheumatic fever from the 
automobile up a flight of steps into the infirmary. He' strained his 
back with this exertion and was in bed for several days. (This girl 
came to the Home with the disease, but she left after high school 
graduation strong and healthy.) Dr. Sherrill was killed in 1956 on 
his son's motorcycle as he started to turn around on the new four- 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 23 

lane highway near Thomasville. He turned into a car and was in- 
stantly killed. 

Dr. O. R. Hodgin, Dentist 

Dr. Hodgin did the regular dental work for the Mills Home chil- 
dren for many years. An orthodontist in Winston-Salem cared for 
those who had to have special work. Dr. Hodgin, like Dr. Sherrill, 
would accept no pay other than cost of material. He, too, loved the 
children and took delight in ministering to them. 

Miss Sallie McCracken 

Miss Sallie was born January 18, 1870, the oldest of ten children. 
Her father was J. M. L. McCracken and her mother was Sophia M. 
Penland McCracken. They were a prosperous farm family in Hay- 
wood County. Her father served in the Confederate Army. She was 
taught in the home by her mother until she was eleven years old. 
Then she entered school at Upper Crabtree in her home county. 
She was judged to be the best reader in her class, and was soon 
moved on to a more advanced school in Waynesville. After com- 
pleting the courses given there, she entered Judson College where 
J. B. Boone, later to become general manager of the Children's 
Home, was president. After leaving Judson College she taught two or 
three years in the public schools of Haywood County. Then she be- 
came secretary in the regional office of the Y.M.C.A. in Waynesville. 

While in this position she was visited by a former schoolmate, 
the Reverend W. H. Rich, who had accepted the pastorate at 
Thomasville. He said to her, "You ought to be at Thomasville with 
Mr. Boone." She replied, "No, I am not good enough." But Mr. 
Rich insisted that she should carefully consider this work. In a short 
while she had a letter from Mr. Boone, offering her work as his 
Secretary. She decided to try the work, and in 1896 she went to 
Thomasville. When she arrived it was after dark and she was met at 
the train station by the treasurer and one of the large boys in a mule 
cart. She was driven to the home of Mr. Boone and the next morning 
Mrs. Boone said, "Now, I will show you the Durham Cottage of 
thirty-two boys where you will be working." Miss Sallie tried to 
protest and said she had come to write letters and keep books for 
Mr. Boone, but she was taken to the cottage where she was to be 
housemother and teacher of thirty-two boys under twelve years of 
age. She was also to keep books and write letters for Mr. Boone 
during her spare time. 

When the Mothers' Cottage was erected, Mr. Boone wanted Miss 



24 Love in Action 

Sallie to take charge there. She agreed to go if he would let her 
take part of her boys from the Durham Cottage. He agreed, and 
she moved to this position where the boys were a little older. Later 
she was moved to the Watson Building which housed the largest 
boys on the campus. All of this work she did with complete success 
and pride, but the Junior boys have always been her greatest joy. 
Until a very few years ago, she taught Junior boys in Sunday School 
almost continuously since she went to Mills Home. Although she 
acted as Mr. Boone's secretary through all these years, she hastens 
to say that there were not many letters to write in those early days. 

Miss Sallie served as secretary to Mr. Boone, Dr. Kesler, Dr. 
Greer, Dr. Wall, and Mr. Reed — all the general superintendents 
except the first, Mr. Mills, and last, Dr. Wagoner. When she reached 
her 82nd birthday, she was promoted to research secretary, and 
thereafter spent most of her time contacting former students, finding 
out where they were, what they were doing, and all about their 
general welfare. She continued to go to her office each day until 
October 1969. Her office was in the building where she lived on the 
campus. 

Miss Sallie was reared in a Christian home and she was from 
childhood interested in every phase of church work. For many years 
she sent her Church Mission Gift of $100.00 per quarter. This was 
specified as follows: $21.00 to Japan, $21.00 to Nigeria, $21.00 
to Alaska, $21.00 to Hong Kong, and $16.00 to Fruitland Institute. 
In addition, she was a very liberal supporter of her local church. She 
played a great part in getting the Mills Home Church to contribute 
more to outside causes than to the local program. 

Adlai Stevenson of Haywood County wanted to go to Wake Forest 
College after he finished high school at Mills Home. He discussed 
the matter with Miss Sallie; so she loaned him the money to go the 
full four years. When he finished he became a teacher, but was 
soon drafted into the Army in World War I. Alas, he was one of 
the four Mills Home boys who did not return. He had made his 
insurance policy payable to Miss Sallie. She used this money to 
enrich mankind in various ways: the beautiful communion set at 
the Mills Home Church was paid for out of this money; some was used 
to light the steeple on the Mills Home Church; some was used to 
light the steeple on Wait Chapel on the Wake Forest University 
campus; the balance was used to place chimes on the tower of the 
Baptist Church in Sendai, Japan. All citizens of that area pause 
each evening when the chimes are played. There are no other chimes 
in the city. 











John H. Mills 

Founder & First General Manager 
1885-1895 





Rev. J. B. Booni 

General Manager 

1895-1905 



' 





Dr. M. L. Kesler 

General Manager 

1905-1932 




Dr. I. G. Greer 

General Manager 
1932-1948 




Dr. Zeno Wall 

General Manager 

1948-1950 




W. C. Reed 

General Superintendent 

1950-1958 




Dr. W. R. Wagoner 
General Superintendent, President 
1958- 




Mary Presson Yarbro (seated) was the first girl admitted 
to the Thomasville Baptist Orphanage on November 11, 
1885. She is seen in this photograph with Jacqueline 
Greer who was admitted to the orphanage in December, 
1938. 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 25 

Miss Sallie celebrated her 99th birthday January 18, 1969. On 
December 2, 1969, she passed away, but she will live on in the lives 
of thousands of men and women whom she has influenced for good, 
and the ones they will influence down through the centuries. Only 
eternity can show the good she accomplished through her dedicated 
life and service to youth and others during her stay on earth. 

R. D. Covington, Treasurer 
1929-1947 

Mr. Covington, a graduate of Wake Forest College, came to the 
Homes as treasurer in 1929 from Greensboro. In Greensboro he 
had been connected with a business firm. He served the Children's 
Homes as treasurer with distinction until his death in 1947. During 
these eighteen years he served the Mills Home Church as Sunday 
School superintendent. Perhaps no more spiritual man has ever 
served the Homes than he. He was wise, completely honest, a good 
speaker, loved the children, and in every way set a good example 
for them to follow. As treasurer for the Children's Homes, he han- 
dled the money with as much care as was humanly possible. All of 
North Carolina Baptists knew it was safe in his hands. He helped 
Dr. Greer in speaking at associational meetings whenever and 
wherever needed. 

Archibald Johnson, Editor of Charity and Children 
1895-1934 

Mr. Johnson was born and reared in Scotland County. His formal 
education was limited to the public schools of his native county. 
He served as a merchant in Laurinburg for seven years and man- 
aged the Johnson Home Farm for three years. He returned to Laurin- 
burg as editor of the Laurinburg Exchange, but "God had other 
plans for him." 

In September 1895 he accepted the editorship of Charity and 
Children. This was a new day for this magazine. He served in this 
position with great distinction for forty years. At his death Charity 
and Children had the widest circulation of any religious magazine in 
the South. Mr. Johnson was a great promoter of education as well as 
child care, and was one of the best speakers in the state. He was 
the most widely quoted editor of any magazine or paper of any kind 
in the entire South, according to Dr. Spilman. He died in 1934 at 
the age of seventy-five. 

At a meeting of Southern Methodist Child Care workers, one 



26 Love in Action 

speaker said that the reason the Baptist Homes in North Carolina 
were leading all other child care agencies was the fact that they 
had Archibald Johnson to help promote the work. 

J. A. McMillan, Editor of Charity and Children 
1934-1948 

Mr. McMillan came to Mills Home in 1929 as pastor of Mills 
Home Church and assistant editor of Charity and Children. After 
the death of Mr. Johnson he was elevated to the editorship of the 
Children's Home magazine. Mr. McMillan carried on, in a most ex- 
cellent way, the work that the former editor was doing. He served in 
this capacity until his death in 1948. This writer has never known 
a kinder or more gracious man than he. His thoughts were always 
of others, but more particularly about those in greatest need. He 
loved every child in our care. You will note that he served for a 
few years under Dr. Kesler, then throughout Dr. Greer's term of 
office, and for a few months under Dr. Wall. 

Mr. McMillan came to the Children's Homes from Wake Forest 
College where he had served as alumni secretary and teacher for 
several years. He was universally loved and respected. His articles in 
Charity and Children did much to inspire the Baptists of the state to 
give to the support of this work. He was also a good speaker and he 
spent much time speaking from one end of the state to the other. 
One of his favorite stories was on "Optimism." "The farmer's wife 
had placed a crock of milk in the water in her spring house to get it 
ready to churn. Two frogs came along that night and got the top off 
the jar of milk. Then as they tried to get to the milk they fell into 
the jar. Immediately they began to sink. One frog said that they might 
just as well go on down and die for they could not get out. The 
other one replied, T may die, but I will die a-kickin'.' The next 
morning when the housewife came for her milk jar, she found one 
frog sitting on a nice ball of butter croaking in great delight, but 
the other one was drowned and lying in the bottom of the jar." 
He did a great work for the Homes, writing and speaking, and living 
an exemplary life before the children. He also greatly increased the 
circulation of Charity and Children. 

C. M. Howell, Foreman of Print Shop' 
1915-1950 

Mr. Howell, perhaps the most widely known alumnus of his time, 
came to Mills Home from Northampton County in Eastern North 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 27 

Carolina when he was eight years of age. He learned the art of 
printing during the eleven years that he spent there. After leaving Mills 
Home he followed newspaper work for five years. Then at the age of 
twenty-four he was called back to Thomasville as foreman of the 
print shop. Here he served with great distinction for thirty-five years, 
or until his heart began to show signs of weakening. During his man- 
agement of the print shop he turned in to the treasurer of the Homes 
a total of $153,600.00 in profits. After resigning this position, he 
wrote the Alumni Column until his death in 1956. 

Cy, as he was lovingly called by the alumni, knew by name more 
boys and girls who had grown up there than any other alumnus. He 
loved them all; they all loved him. Some of the ones who had worked 
with him longest and knew his works, have said to me that he trained 
more boys how to run the press or operate a linotype machine than 
any other person in the South. Today you can find his "Printer Boys," 
as he called them, on many of the major newspapers in the Southeast. 

Mr. Howell's wife was also reared at Mills Home and they have 
four children, two boys and two girls. The two boys are located at the 
Baptist Hospital as famous physicians and the two girls are equally 
distinguished in their chosen fields of service. These successful grand- 
children of Mills Home say, "Part of the courage, character, ambition, 
and determination which our parents learned at Mills Home rubbed 
off on us." This nation is a better place to live because Cy and his 
lovely wife were given a chance to mature into noble characters. 

Miss Eulalia Turner, Lady Manager 
1899-1938 

Miss Turner came to Mills Home as lady manager about four years 
after Mr. Boone became general manager. She remained here in that 
capacity until 1938. She served under three general superintendents: 
Mr. Boone, Dr. Kesler, and Dr. Greer. During her forty years at Mills 
Home her influence for good has never been surpassed according to 
those who worked with her and knew her best. She was a sister to 
Dr. J. Clyde Turner who served as pastor of the First Baptist Church 
of Greensboro for more than 40 years. Certainly no greater child care 
worker than Miss Eulalia has ever served at Mills Home. Miss Turner 
was firm and exacting. No child was allowed to do less than his best, 
and yet they loved and respected her. After retirement she lived with a 
banker brother in Statesville until a few years ago when God called her 
to her well-earned reward. Many successful Christian homes exist to- 
day because of her unselfish and loving service. 



28 Love in Action 

Miss Sarah Elmore, Superintendent of Mills Home 
1939-1950 

Miss Elmore followed Miss Turner as lady manager, after a Miss 
Vera Adkins from Georgia had tried the work for a few weeks and 
found that she could not adjust to this type of service. Miss Elmore was 
reared at Mars Hill where she was educated in the public schools and 
Mars Hill College of her native town. From here she went to Uni- 
versity of North Carolina at Greensboro where she earned her B.S. 
degree. Prior to coming to Mills Home she served for eight years as 
chief dietitian at the School for the Deaf in Morganton. She came to 
Mills Home in 1939 and was first given the title of lady manager. 
She was a very cultured and talented young lady, and took up the work 
where Miss Turner had left off and administered it in a most success- 
ful way until she resigned in 1950. 

When I was elected as superintendent of Kennedy Home in 1943, 
Miss Elmore's title was changed to superintendent of Mills Home. 
Both Dr. Greer and Dr. Wall delegated much authority and re- 
sponsibility to her, and she did an excellent job in training the host of 
children who were there during her years of service. 

When she resigned from this position in 1950, she accepted work 
with the State Commission for the Blind. Her special work was to 
visit the blind people in Western North Carolina and see that their 
needs were met. In connection with her work she was killed when her 
car went out of control and ran into a building in the city of Asheville. 
Her whole life was spent in service to those in great need, and because 
of this she must have heard the Master say, "Inasmuch as you have 
done it unto the neediest in your state, you have done it unto Me." 

Miss Hattie Edwards, Social Service Director 

1909-1945 

When I speak of Miss Hattie, I feel that I am treading on hallowed 
ground. She was a native of Madison County and was educated in the 
public schools of her native county, Mars Hill College, and received 
her A.B. degree from Meredith College. She did graduate work in 
Columbia University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and 
Duke University. From 1909 till 1919 she was principal of the Mills 
Home School. She left this position and then went to Kennedy Home 
as lady manager for two years. She returned to the public schools of 
the state for a short while. In 1923 Dr. Kesler called her back to Mills 
Home as director of Social Service. In this position she served with 
great distinction until her retirement in 1945. When she retired Miss 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 29 

Edwards moved back to Mars Hill and lived with a sister until her 
death on October 9, 1965. 

Miss Edwards has the distinction of being the first trained social 
worker in a child caring agency in the South. Dr. Kesler had started 
Mother's Aid in 1920. (The Durham Herald spoke of Mother's Aid 
as being the brain child of the fertile mind of Dr. Kesler. ) Three years 
later he called Miss Edwards to supervise this phase of the work. She 
soon had as many as 350 mothers and children receiving financial 
assistance from the Children's Homes. She was kept busy visiting and 
ministering to this large number in all sections of the state. She 
traveled by train, horse and buggy, and on foot. In 1927, after the 
Baptists had shown the value of Mother's Aid and Dr. Kesler and 
others had prodded the State Legislature, they approved $50,000.00 
for the same purpose. Two years later they raised this to $55,000.00 
and specified that $5,000.00 of this should be used for foster homes. 
Soon thereafter in 1939, the Federal government entered this field, 
their money to be matched by the states and counties. North Carolina 
joined with Federal government in 1944. It was called A.D.C. (Aid to 
Dependent Children) . It is now called A.F.D.C. (Aid to Families with 
Dependent Children). Miss Edwards retired on January 1, 1945. She 
was truly a leader in aid to dependent children in their own homes, 
in social work in Homes caring for dependent children and in foster 
home care. No more dedicated, faithful, loving and gracious person 
has ever served in any Children's Home, and her work will last as long 
as time lasts. She was known by her peers as "A Trail Blazer" in social 
services in children's homes. 

C. C. McKoin, Farm Manager 
1931-1947 

Mr. McKoin came to Mills Home shortly before Dr. Greer was 
elected as general manager and remained in this position until his 
death in 1947. He was a graduate of Elon College. It is safe to say that 
no one ever loved the work more than he. Although he was farm 
manager, the discipline of the boys was perhaps as much or more his 
responsibility as it was the responsibility of the superintendent. 
Naturally when they were on the farm, it was his duty to look after 
them, but when houseparents had problems with their boys they called 
upon him to help settle the disputes, and he usually succeeded. This 
lifted a great burden off the superintendent, particularly since she was 
a woman. 

McKoin was constantly in touch with State College in Raleigh, and 
played a great part in developing the fine dairy herd at Mills Home 



30 Love in Action 

and the beef herd at Kennedy Home. He was in every way a great 
farmer, a lover of children, and his influence on child care in North 
Carolina will long be felt. While this writer was at Kennedy Home, he 
brought his staff to help us in any project when we needed him. He 
visited us at Kennedy Home often and always spent the night in our 
home. We looked forward to his visits. He passed away on May 30, 
1947, but his influence on Baptist child care will last for generations 
to come. 

The Reverend Joseph Hough, Superintendent of 
Kennedy Home 

1928-1943 

Mr. Hough as previously stated was teaching in Lenoir County when 
his older brother, Dr. Raymond Hough, was called to Virginia to lead 
the Baptist child care program in that state. The trustees immediately 
turned to this younger brother, Joseph, to fill the place Raymond had 
left. As has been true with all general managers the work at Kennedy 
Home was largely turned over to him. Most of the progress there from 
1928-1943 should be credited to him. He successfully led the program 
at Kennedy Home until 1943, when he left the work to enter a busi- 
ness firm. He soon found, however, that his calling was to work with 
young people and not with material things. After a short period in 
business, he reentered public school work and also became pastor of a 
church. 

Mr. Hough sent out some fine boys and girls from Kennedy Home 
during his stay there. His work will bear fruit on down through many 
years to come. Mrs. Hough was also a very cultured and refined lady, 
and her influence on the children will always be seen in the lives of 
many of the children with whom she worked. Under Mr. Hough's 
leadership, Kennedy Home was the first child caring agency in North 
Carolina to send all children to the public schools of the state. 

E. W. Brogden, Assistant to the Superintendent of 
Kennedy Home 

1921-1949 

I am not sure that Mr. Brogden ever was given the title above men- 
tioned, but that is exactly what he was. He served as building and 
grounds superintendent under both Mr. Raymond Hough and Mr. 
Joseph Hough. He also served for six years under this writer until he 
reached the age of 68, which had been set up by the trustees as 
maximum retirement age. No man ever loved and cared for a group of 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 31 

children more than he. Many times each day he could be seen walking 
across the campus surrounded by a group of children. In his later years 
at the Home he was assigned the task of purchasing food, transporting 
housemothers and children to and from town; and he had general 
supervision of buildings and grounds. After he retired in 1956, he 
lived in Kinston until the time of his death in 1967. He was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday School almost all the time he lived at Kennedy 
Home. Mrs. Brogden helped her husband in his work. She served as 
supply housemother when needed, and the influence of her whole- 
some, frank character is still felt in the lives of the children who knew 
her. She died in October, 1969. 

New Directions Under Dr. Greer's Administration 

Dr. Greer's administration of the Baptist Children's Homes from 
1932 until 1948 was not characterized by any great building program. 
As I have thought through these years, it seems to me that the best 
characterization I can find for his work is to be found in Isaiah 54:2: 
"Lengthen thy cords and strengthen thy stakes." This he did not only 
in North Carolina but throughout the nation. 

Dr. Greer did not think of the program of child care as something 
that would pass away, but as something that would have to be pro- 
moted for centuries to follow. The superintendents before him had 
built numerous buildings and had brought under care large numbers 
of children. Hence, he was more concerned about making secure and 
giving the best care possible to those who were at the Homes then and 
those who would follow in the years to come. Furthermore, he came to 
the orphanage during the depth of the great Depression of the early 
thirties when money was scarce. Then the Second World War occurred 
and labor and building materials were impossible to secure. 

Dr. Greer made other contributions to Baptist Children's Homes 
work that will last through the centuries. For example, in 1935, the 
Baptist Children's Homes led the way in the South in joining the Relief 
and Annuity Plan. Several years before our other denominational 
agencies had entered such a plan, Dr. Greer worked out a plan with 
the officials of the Southern Baptist Convention. Now we are a part of 
the regular retirement plan sponsored by our Convention. During this 
same year, Dr. Greer got the Board to approve the Smith-Hughes Plan 
for financing vocational training in the Mills Home school. He pre- 
sented this plan to the North Carolina State Department of Education 
and they readily agreed to finance it. 

A little later he persuaded the State to pay all teachers at Mills 
Home just as in other schools. He argued that these children were 



32 Love in Action 

just as much entitled to an education provided by the state as any 
other children. The State, too, agreed, and thereafter the teachers were 
paid by the State just as other teachers. This of course was a con- 
siderable saving to the Children's Homes. 

In 1937 a new policy was set up by the Board of Trustees at the 
general superintendent's suggestion. Provision was made for each 
housemother to have one day per week off from all duties. She could 
go where she pleased that day and a substitute would be used to 
replace her. This was a great relief to those who had previously been 
on duty seven days every week. At this same meeting it was announced 
that Duke University would conduct a summer school for workers in 
Children's Homes. The Board approved sending three from Mills 
Home and two from Kennedy Home. If they served in one of the 
Homes for another year the Homes would reimburse them. Otherwise, 
it would be at their own expense. Duke discontinued this program after 
one or two years. 

During Dr. Greer's administration he greatly decreased Mother's 
Aid. This program was started by Dr. Kesler, and by his prodding and 
that of Charity and Children's editor, Archibald Johnson and others 
over the state, the Legislature voted in 1934 to join the National 
Government in the program of Aid to Dependent Children. Dr. Greer 
said that the State and National Governments will hereafter care for 
most of the Mother's Aid Program that we have sponsored so long. 
But he also said that there would be some who could not qualify for 
ADC and we would continue the program for a few cases. We still in 
1970 care for a few children under this program. 

The Duke Endowment graded our program in 1936. We fell below 
standard because we had from 24-30 children in a cottage. The 
recommended number then and now is 10-12 in a cottage. At the 
regular Board meeting in 1938, Dr. Greer and Miss Hattie Edwards 
suggested that we start a Foster Home Program, so as to better meet 
the needs of some of our children. The Board unanimously approved. 
The Baptist Orphanages of North Carolina was among the first child 
caring agencies in the South to make this venture. 

Dr. Greer greatly strengthened the staff during his administration. 
When he assumed the work in 1932, there was one social worker, 
Miss Hattie Edwards, and a secretary on the Social Service staff. When 
he resigned there were nine, including a secretary and a stenographer. 
In 1939 Mr. Howard Hopkirk, executive director of the Child Welfare 
League of America, visited Mills Home and evaluated its program of 
child care. He said there were many buildings in great need of repair, 
but it was one of the best child care programs in the South. 



Administration of Dr. I. G. Greer 33 

In one issue of Charity and Children in 1933, there appears a state- 
ment made by Dr. Greer to his staff that pretty well sums up his 
philosophy of child care: "The Mills Home is not primarily interested 
in farming, dairying, gardening, sewing, housekeeping, and the like, as 
important as they all are. These things are only secondary to the real 
task of fitting boys and girls to become useful Christian citizens of the 
state. The child is more important than the farm, the house, the school, 
or any of the Church organizations. The child does not exist for these 
things, but these things exist for the child. The child must not be 
broken to fit an organization, but the organization must be made to 
work for the best interest of the child." While I am quoting, let me 
quote another story given in an address to his staff made on the 50th 
anniversary of the founding of Mills Home. His subject was "Looking 
Forward." The story reported in Charity and Children is as follows: 
"A General, standing on a mountain peak, surrounded by his faithful 
followers said, 'Soldiers, we are standing on the Acropolis of Italy. 
Behind us are a thousand military victories and defeats. Yonder lies 
Rome. Let's March!' We at Mills Home are at the close of fifty years 
of victories and temporary defeats. Here four thousand children have 
found refuge and a chance to make good. There is a temptation to look 
back and enjoy our victories, and just sit still, but yonder is a broken 
home, a woman and children, victims of circumstances over which they 
have no control. Shall we respond to their call? Yes! every impulse 
in me says, let's march! Where are we going? Straight to the child." 

This straight-to-the-child philosophy is the most important legacy of 
Dr. Greer's administration. It is true that the orphanage did get 
straightened out financially, and a sound business basis is necessary 
before any program of Child Care can go forward. When Dr. Greer 
became general manager in 1932, the endowment was $492,045.93; 
the working capital was $16,572.02. When he left in 1948, the Gen- 
eral Endowment Fund was $732,943.71 and the current fund, or 
working capital, was $625,813.51. (This was before the Robert Idol 
Fund had been received.) In 1932 the total assets were $1,082,- 
288.85. In 1948 they had grown to $2,539,194.17. There are other 
statistics that are perhaps more revealing, however. In 1932 there 
were 1,005 children under care — 691 in the institutions and 314 un- 
der Mother's Aid. The average cost per child per month in the 
institutions was $20.75. In 1948 there were fewer children under 
care — 771, largely due to the state and federal governments' ADC 
program, which reduced the number of Mother's Aid recipients to 
80. However, with 608 children in the institutions, $78.32 was being 
spent per child per month. This is the real achievement of any 



34 Love in Action 

administration — improving the service to the individual child. Such 
progress was not accomplished by one man alone, but by a host of 
loyal and dedicated people who worked tirelessly to promote this great 
cause. And back of the endeavor was the host of Baptists and other 
friends throughout North Carolina who gave so freely because of their 
great love for homeless children. 



Chapter III 
ADMINISTRATION OF DR. ZENO WALL, 1948-1950 

Dr. Wall was bora in Mooresboro, North Carolina. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native county and attended Mars Hill 
College for two years. He entered Mississippi College, where he re- 
ceived the B.A. degree. He went on to the Southern Baptist Theological 
Seminary at Louisville, Kentucky, where he received the Th.M. 
degree. He was married to Ada Kate Ramsey. She was always loyal 
and helpful in his work, and is due much credit for his great achieve- 
ments in life. They had five children. The two daughters, now mar- 
ried, are Mrs. Ollie Harris of Kings Mountain and Mrs. Walter 
Fanning of Ridgewood, New Jersey. The three sons are Zeno Wall, Jr., 
of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; Woodrow Wall, minister of music at 
First Baptist Church, Newnan, Georgia; and Yates Wall of Columbia, 
South Carolina. 

Dr. Wall served in several pastorates in Mississippi and Kentucky. 
One of these was the First Baptist Church of Clinton, Mississippi, 
where Mississippi College is located. This college conferred upon him 
the doctor's degree. Later Dr. Wall accepted a call to the First 
Baptist Church of Goldsboro, where he served for several years 
with great distinction until called to the First Baptist Church of 
Shelby, where he served for twenty-three years. In Shelby he built 
up one of the largest churches in the state. His leadership there 
was recognized far and wide as being unusually fruitful. From 
1930-1932 he was interim president, without pay, of Gardner-Webb 
College. 

While at Shelby, Dr. Wall was honored by the Baptists of North 
Carolina in almost every way that the Convention can honor a man. 
He served several terms on the General Board, part of the time as 
chairman. He served two terms as president of the Convention, at the 
same time serving on many of the Southern Baptist Convention 
Boards. At the time of his election as general superintendent, he was 
serving as chairman of the Children's Homes Board of Trustees. He 
resigned this position to accept the position of general superintendent 
of the Homes. He had long been considered as one of the strongest 
pastors in North Carolina. He was always in great demand as a 
revivalist. 



36 Love in Action 

Dr. Wall was sixty-five years old when he became general superin- 
tendent of the Homes, and he did not have a very long time to serve 
and promote the work since the mandatory retirement age for all 
employees is sixty-eight. He brought to this position the same warmth, 
compassion, and wit that made his work so meaningful. 

Soon after he came to this work, Dr. Wall lost his sight in one eye, 
and it had to be removed. I visited him and was expressing my 
sympathy. He quickly replied with a chuckle, "Beloved, it is all right. 
A person in this position can see more with one eye than he should 
see." He had told me that there are so many problems in church work 
that at his age he wanted to get into a position for a few years where 
there would be fewer difficulties. When I next saw him, he said, "Be- 
loved, I thought there would be no problems at the Children's Homes, 
but I find there are about ten for every one I had in the church." 

After Dr. Wall's retirement from the orphanage in 1950, he 
returned to Shelby where in 1952 he accepted the pastorate of the 
Elizabeth Baptist Church. Here he did some of the finest work of his 
whole career. The church building had burned. He came as interim 
pastor and remained for five years. Under his leadership a new church 
was built. 

Dr. Wall died in Charlotte on September 12, 1967, at the age of 85. 
His wife had preceded him in death by about ten years. He received 
many honors during his long service which were richly deserved, and, 
to quote the Biblical Recorder, "his pastor's heart made him the 
spiritual giant he was." 

Dr. Wall's Co-Workers 

Dr. Wall had very efficient helpers, most of whom were discussed 
under Dr. Greer's administration. Mr. McMillan was editor of Charity 
and Children until he died in 1949. His daughter, Miss Louise McMil- 
lan, served until a regular editor could be found. J. D. Fraley was 
elected to succeed R. D. Covington, treasurer, who had died be- 
fore Dr. Wall assumed his duties there. B. T. Fleetwood, a gentle- 
man whose example was always a safe guide to boys and girls, had 
been elected to head the Social Service Department. Mr. Fleetwood 
had seven helpers. Miss Sarah Elmore remained as superintendent of 
Mills Home; Romulus Skaggs remained as principal of the school, 
and W. C. Reed remained as superintendent of Kennedy Home. This 
was almost the same staff that Dr. Greer had at the close of his 
administration. Farms, buildings and grounds, and all other depart- 
ments were staffed with capable, dependable, and experienced people. 



Administration of Dr. Zeno Wall 37 

Some Achievements 
Under Dr. Wall's Administration 

Although Dr. Wall served only a little more than two years, several 
projects were completed during his brief administration. Contracts for 
the frozen food locker plants at the two Homes had been let before 
Dr. Greer left, but the construction was done under Dr. Wall's ad- 
ministration. The one at Mills Home was named the Broyhill Locker 
Plant in honor of the chief donors. A similar but smaller plant was 
constructed at Kennedy Home by undesignated gifts or wills and 
named the Brogden Frozen Food Locker Plant in honor of E. W. 
Brogden. A home for the operator of the Mills Home plant was 
erected about the time the plant was built. 

Another very progressive move was made by Dr. Wall in 1948. Af- 
ter clearing the matter with the Board of Trustees and the Thomasville 
school officials, all Juniors and Seniors from the Mills Home High 
School were transferred to the high school up town. 

Prior to this time most of the cooking at Mills Home had been done 
on coal ranges and none of the cottages except the Huffman had cir- 
culating heat. Dr. Wall and Miss Elmore, the Mills Home superin- 
tendent, installed electric stoves and circulating heat in all cottages but 
four. By authority of the Board, Dr. Wall purchased for $1,000.00 a 
much needed strip of land that joined the campus on the east. This 
was indeed a bargain and will prevent some unfavorable business from 
locating there in the future. 

While the above projects were being achieved by authority of the 
Board of Trustees, we were busy at Kennedy Home. Several of those 
old buildings had been renovated during the past two years. Now the 
Board appointed a committee to work with us at Kennedy Home to 
determine our total needs there. This committee was given power to 
act. Extra help was employed to work with Pearl Howell and Tom 
Slate to finish renovating every cottage on the campus. Circulat- 
ing heat was installed, many of the old walls were changed, and the 
bedrooms were changed to accommodate fewer children. Restrooms 
and bathrooms were put on the floors where the children sleep. Some 
were placed on the first floor. In addition, electric stoves and stainless 
steel sinks were placed in all kitchens. Storage rooms were reworked to 
meet state standards. Old furniture was replaced in all cottages where 
needed. The buildings were painted both inside and outside, and new 
curtains and draperies were made. Mrs. Reed worked closely with 
the painters and houseparents in selecting paint colors and draperies. 



38 Love in Action 

It cost a lot of money, but the time had come when renovation had to 
be done. 

Next, the committee employed a prominent engineer to study the 
campus and surroundings. He suggested that we begin by lowering the 
highway enough to form a gradual slope from the center of all cottages 
to the road. (All cottages at Kennedy Home at that time were about 
fifty yards back on each side of the main street that runs from the 
entrance of the campus to the old mansion. ) Thus all rainwater would 
flow from the cottages to the street, then into a drainage ditch that 
crosses under the street, which empties into Falling Creek about one- 
half mile east of the campus. Prior to this time, water would often 
stand for days in front of some of the buildings. The road was then 
hard surfaced. 

A further observation of the engineer was that the water supply 
was completely inadequate. We were then using artesian wells alto- 
gether, but they were rapidly drying up. At the Trustees' suggestion, 
there was installed a new water system and storm sewers. A deep well 
was drilled just back of the Kennedy mansion, and a ninety-foot 
water tank that holds twenty-five thousand gallons was erected. Then 
a ditch was dug on the east side of the street and a six-inch water main 
was laid from the water tank to the entrance of the campus. Two-inch 
lines were run from this main to each of the cottages, and fire hydrants 
were placed regularly along the main so as to meet all rigid require- 
ments for fire fighting. 

After this project was completed, the campus grounds were re- 
seeded and Kennedy Home became a beautiful little town. At about 
the same time, we were building a new cottage for sixteen small boys, 
at a cost of $61,371. The Columbus Association had undertaken to 
raise enough money to erect a cottage. We combined this fund with 
money received from the will of Mrs. Florence Cannon of Atlanta, 
Georgia. It was named Columbus-Cannon for the donors. The old 
barns at Kennedy Home were repaired and one new one was erected 
from insurance collected when an old barn was struck by lightning and 
burned. At the same time a new silo was constructed. 

Brokenhurst, a residence that Dr. Spilman had renovated for him- 
self and his new bride, had been vacated. Mr. and Mrs. Brogden 
moved there, and after Mr. Brogden's retirement, we did some work 
on it and used it for twelve girls. The number of children in a cottage 
was now reduced to between twelve and twenty. 

The Idol Estate was formally accepted under Dr. Wall's adminis- 
tration in 1948. 

In 1949, at the request of M. A. Huggins, secretary and trea- 
surer of the Baptist State Convention, a committee was appointed 



Administration of Dr. Zeno Wall 39 

to study the possibility of promoting the homes for the aging in 
connection with the Children's Homes. A committee from the Chil- 
dren's Homes made an unfavorable report. The entire board, with one 
exception, sustained the committee report. 

Dr. Wall Resigns 

On May 2, 1950, Dr. Wall submitted his resignation to become 
effective on his sixty-eighth birthday. W. C. Reed was elected to 
succeed him. At the same time, Miss Elmore, superintendent of Mills 
Home, and Mr. Fraley, treasurer, resigned. Their resignations were 
accepted at a called meeting on May sixth. 

The executive committee and the Buildings and Grounds Commit- 
tee were urged to work closely with the new administration in carrying 
out the plans and terms for the buildings specified in the Idol wills. 
This matter will be discussed further under the next administration. 
At this same meeting of the Board, W. A. Smith and his wife Virginia 
were called to take charge of Kennedy Home. R. E. Muth was 
elected treasurer; and Marse Grant, who had been serving as editor 
of Charity and Children, was re-elected. These proved to be excellent 
replacements and were life-savers to the new administration. 

While the total number of children being cared for remained about 
the same during Dr. Wall's administration, the quality of care was 
constantly improving. The number of children per cottage was 
gradually reduced, and the foster home program gained emphasis. 
Although Dr. Wall's administration was rather short — less than three 
years — many progressive movements were made and the program was 
strengthened. 



Chapter IV 
ADMINISTRATION OF W. C. REED, 1950-1958 

(Note: This introduction to the Reed family was written 
by J. Marse Grant, Editor of the "Biblical Recorder," who 
served as editor of "Charity and Children" during W. C. 
Reed's administration.) 

Weston C. Reed was born. April 24, 1893, to J. P. and Marcella 
Farmer Reed, the fifth of six children. He was reared on a small 
mountain farm in Jackson County, about five miles from Sylva in the 
heart of the Balsam Mountains. The farm produced grain, livestock, 
and vegetables and the forest yielded cord-wood which was sold to the 
paperboard plant and bark which was sold to the tannery. With the 
forest products to supplement the small farm income, the family lived 
in comparative comfort, but everyone had to work hard. 

Mr. Reed's parents were very religious and brought up their chil- 
dren in the church. The elder Mr. Reed was on the board of deacons 
at the Scott's Creek Baptist Church for more than forty years. Mrs. 
Reed truly lived her religion — even though she never taught a Sunday 
School class, led a public prayer, or spoke to a congregation in her 
lifetime. With such wonderful parents and family, it is not surprising 
that Weston Reed has served humanity as well as he has. He had the 
best foundation possible. 

Weston Reed attended public school at Scott's Creek. From there 
he went to Cullowhee Normal and Industrial School (now Western 
Carolina University), and then on to Wake Forest College where he 
received the B.A. degree in 1925. Later he did graduate work at 
George Peabody College and at the University of North Carolina. 

While in school at Cullowhee, Mr. Reed came to know a gracious 
and beautiful young lady, Mellie Parker, who was also attending col- 
lege there. They both left Cullowhee in 1914 at the end of the same 
school year to begin their teaching careers. Two years later they were 
married by their college pastor. From then until now, whatever they 
have undertaken has been as a team — one of the most admired teams 
in North Carolina. 

Their marriage was blessed with three children. Olin is a prominent 
attorney in Kinston and active in the political life of North Carolina. 
He is married to the former Helen McCaslin of Maiden. Marcella, the 
second child, is married to Dr. T. L. Huguelet, who is with Western 



Administration of W. C. Reed 41 

Carolina University. Mary Nell, the youngest child, is married to 
Charlie C. Mason, who is with the Western Electric Company at 
Winston-Salem. There are seven grandchildren. 

But back to the teaching careers of Mr. and Mrs. Reed. When Mr. 
Reed became principal of a two-teacher school at $40 a month for a 
six-month term, they began a career that was to touch thousands of 
young people. After teaching in two or three small schools, the couple 
moved to a larger school at Qualla near the Cherokee Indian reserva- 
tion. Under their leadership the Qualla and Camp Creek Schools were 
consolidated. The children from Camp Creek were hauled to Qualla in 
covered wagons. This is believed to be one of the first consolidated 
schools in western North Carolina. 

In 1925, he became president of the Sylva Collegiate Institute, one 
of the Mountain Mission Schools sponsored by the Home Mission 
Board of the Southern Baptist Convention. These schools were estab- 
lished long before public schools became a reality in North Carolina. 
After two years at the Institute, Mr. Reed went to Cullowhee where 
he was principal of the Laboratory School. 

From there he went to Sylva, and for seven years he was principal 
at Sylva High School and supervisor of seven elementary schools in 
Jackson County. His next position was principal of the Balls Creek 
Consolidated Schools in Catawba County, at that time one of the 
largest consolidated rural schools in North Carolina. 

After seven years at Balls Creek, he accepted the pastorate of the 
First Baptist Church in Maiden where he served for more than a year. 
While Mr. Reed was at Maiden, Dr. Zeno Wall and Thomas P. Pruitt 
of Hickory, representing the Board of Trustees of the Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes, asked him to consider becoming superintendent of 
Kennedy Home near Kinston. Joseph Hough, former superintendent, 
had just left the orphanage to go into business. Mr. and Mrs. 
Reed were happy at Maiden, the church had made progress, and they 
were not anxious to leave. However, a trip to Kennedy Home with 
general superintendent I. G. Greer and Charity and Children editor 
John Arch McMillan convinced them of the importance of the work. 
The board elected Mr. Reed as Kennedy Home superintendent with- 
out a dissenting vote — an unusual occurrence in those days, according 
to those close to the Homes. It was difficult for the Reeds to leave 
Maiden Church, but "neither of us has ever had the slightest doubt 
but that we were following the Master's Will," Mr. Reed recalls. 

Mr. Reed not only has served his denomination, but many civic and 
service organizations. He has spoken all over North Carolina and in 
many other Southern states. His denomination honored him by electing 
him first vice-president of the Baptist State Convention. Later Gover- 



42 Love in Action 

nor Sanford appointed him to serve on a committee to study the state 
welfare program and particularly to make recommendations for 
minimum standards for Children's Homes. For one year he was 
president of the Child Care Executives of Southern Baptists. He also 
served as chairman of a committee of the Tri-State Orphanage Con- 
ference which worked with a committee from the School of Social 
Work of the University of North Carolina in setting up the In-Service 
Training Program at Chapel Hill for workers in Homes for Children. 
This has done more to improve child care in the South than any other 
program ever undertaken. 

Since retirement in 1958, Mr. Reed has been busy. He served two 
terms as moderator of the Neuse Baptist Association and was interim 
pastor of the First Baptist Church in Kinston for one year. He has held 
a number of interim pastorates. Outside of his heavy church duties, he 
served one term as Governor of Rotary International, District 773, 
and for the past six years has been chairman of the Public Welfare 
Board of Lenoir County. He is also a member of the board of directors 
of the newly formed Association of County Welfare Boards of North 
Carolina. 

Since retirement, Mr. Reed has served as consultant to the Chil- 
dren's Homes. In this capacity, he has attended all board and executive 
committee meetings and has always helped promote child care work 
wherever he was. As a vivid illustration of his versatility, he as- 
sumed the gigantic task of updating the history of the Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes since nothing has been written along the historical line 
since 1932. 

If the writer of this introduction might be personal for a moment, it 
is my opinion that Mr. and Mrs. Weston C. Reed stand tall when there 
is a roll call of outstanding North Carolinians. The key word of their 
lives has been "service." It is this unselfish spirit that has made them 
great in the eyes of those who have been influenced by their example 
of integrity and dedication. The ten years I was privileged to work 
with them was the most important decade of my life. I regret that I 
do not have all of the documented information as to the advances made 
at the Baptist Children's Homes under his leadership. This I do know: 
the Homes made great progress in buildings, personnel, but most im- 
portant of all, in the philosophy of child care that Mr. and Mrs. Reed 
planted both at Kennedy Home and Mills Home. Long after the 
buildings constructed under his administration are gone, this basic 
philosophy will remain. After all, this is the accurate measurement of 
a man's influence. — Marse Grant 



Administration of W. C. Reed 43 

Renovations and Building Program 

On July 1, 1943, we moved to Kennedy Home as superintendent. 
Dr. Greer pretty much turned the work over to us, for we had served 
children in one way or another all our professional careers. For the 
improvements we helped make there see under Dr. Greer's and Dr. 
Wall's administrations. Anyway, we renovated all the old buildings and 
put them in liveable condition. 

One of the first actions we took when we moved to Mills Home as 
general superintendent in 1950 was to call the Trustees and the 
Buildings and Grounds Commitee together. Edwin S. Lanier, Mrs. 
Paul Price Davis, and Mrs. Bess D. Scott came. Together with 
Paul Edinger, we donned coveralls and went from basement to 
attic in every cottage at Mills Home. The floors had been covered with 
tile, but the remainder of the buildings were all in bad repair. The 
wiring was old and dangerous. Most restrooms were in the basement, 
and the floors of the restrooms and bathrooms were broken and 
crumbhng cement. The housemothers all had restrooms in their apart- 
ments on the first floor. The children slept on the second or top floor 
and had to go down two flights of stairs to reach a restroom. All 
closets where the children kept their clothing were out in the halls. 
Therefore, we planned a very extensive renovation program. 

The Child Welfare League had advised that all our cottages except 
one be replaced with new cottages. This, of course, was not possible, 
for we did not have money for such an extensive project, so we had to 
work with what we had. In 1951 the Executive Committee recom- 
mended that we replace the Whitty, Biggs, and Mitchell Cottages with 
new ones. I knew that this would take about all the money we had, and 
the other cottages and recreational area would have to be left as they 
were; so I asked them to let Mr. Edinger, whom I had appointed as 
superintendent of buildings and grounds, employ some extra help and 
renovate the Biggs Cottage instead of replacing it. They finally agreed. 
When it was completed, they were called back to investigate it. (It was 
the worst of the three buildings marked for replacement.) They liked 
it so well now and were so well pleased with its beauty that they 
recommended that we do the same with the Whitty and Mitchell 
Cottages, and as soon as possible renovate all cottages on the campus. 
This was done at a tremendous savings. Also, it made it possible for 
us to develop a recreational system including an excellent gym- 
nasium, playground, equipment, and a swimming pool. 

A number of bathrooms were added and individual closets were 
built in all bedrooms. New beds, springs, and mattresses were fur- 



44 Love in Action 

nished each child where needed, and all rooms were equipped with 
dressers, chests, and mirrors. Curtains and drapes were placed on all 
windows, and all rooms and halls were painted or papered in a variety 
of colors. We reduced the number of children in a room; until now no 
room had more than four occupants. No building had more than 
twenty children. Most of the cottages had previously housed twenty- 
four. 

The kitchens, dining rooms, and living rooms were all papered or 
painted and all were furnished with modern equipment. Mrs. Reed had 
much to do with the painting, papering and selection of draperies. 
Kitchen sinks of stainless steel were installed, and the cottages not 
already supplied with circulating heat or electric stoves for cooking 
were now furnished with these items. Of course all buildings were 
rewired and fire alarms installed. Several of the buildings had to have 
new roofing. All outside woodwork was repainted. The trustees were 
well pleased, and the executive director from the Child Welfare 
League, whom we asked to return and study our program again, 
could hardly believe what he saw. I quote a brief statement from his 
letter: "I was very impressed with the imagination used in re- 
modeling many of the cottages; they are most attractive. The agency 
is to be commended upon reducing the number of children per cottage. 
Greer Center and the planning in regard to the swimming pool and 
outdoor recreation unquestionably have made a tremendous contribu- 
tion to the happiness of the children, providing not only recreation, but 
healthful association between girls and boys as well. The continuance 
of decentralized dining at Kennedy Home made possible by very 
attractive combination kitchen-dining rooms has many advantages. 
The new church at Mills Home, outstanding in its beauty and dignity, 
would grace any community." These buildings are still in use after a 
period of twenty-five years, and several of them are still in excellent 
condition. 

Now to the buildings specified in the Idol will. Robert Idol 
specified a church building in memory of his mother; an infirmary in 
memory of his sister, who was a nurse; and a vocational building of 
some sort, if they wished to name one for him. Then he suggested that 
enough money be set aside to keep these buildings in good repair so 
that they would never be a burden on the Baptists of the state. (See 
Chapter on Wills and Bequests. ) 

After all these specified buildings were planned, we still had suf- 
ficient money left to build the I. G. Greer recreational building and 
develop a playground adequate to serve our children for many years 
to come, or we thought we did. Mr. Stinson, architect of Winston- 
Salem, was employed to draw plans for the buildings. He called Dr. 



Administration of W. C. Reed 45 

Harold D. Myers, head of recreation at University of North Carolina 
at Chapel Hill, and Dr. Ralph Andrews, recreational director of the 
State. They gave expert advice on the recreational building and 
swimming pool and general recreational area. They were most help- 
ful and we Baptists owe them a great debt of gratitude. 

In July, 1951, contracts were let for the three buildings definitely 
specified in the Idol wills, but bids went higher than we expected and 
there was not enough money left to build and equip the gymnasium. 
Some of Mr. Idol's assets were in Reynolds Foil, and it kept going 
up. We instructed the bank that when the stock had reached a certain 
amount to let us know and we would draw it out and build the recrea- 
tional building. The church building was to cost $232,500, the in- 
firmary $76,500, the print shop $83,677; plumbing and heating for 
all three buildings would be $75,000, and the electrical work 
$35,484. This made a total of $503,161 to be spent on these three 
buildings in addition to their furnishings. Just before the December 
Trustees' meeting the bank called and said that Reynolds Foil had gone 
up again, and they thought it was sufficient to build the recreational 
building. When the Trustees met in December, they authorized the 
administration to proceed with the recreational plans. 

Other improvements were undertaken. An eighteen-inch tile pipe 
was placed just under the surface of the grounds from near the rail- 
road, down through the valley for about one-half mile and emptied 
into a ditch just below the old print shop. Smaller tiles were placed 
criss-crossing the valley and leading to the large tile. Now no water 
or mud stands there. A fenced skating rink was constructed on the 
hillside joining the valley. This area is used for skating, tennis, volley- 
ball, and other games. Swings, merry-go-rounds, slides, and other play 
equipment were placed on both hillsides. At the same time the con- 
tract for the recreational building was let for a total of $191,230. This 
did not leave us with money for the swimming pool, and we knew no 
recreational program was worthy of the name unless it contained a 
good swimming pool. So the Trustees began to try to find just what 
could be left off the recreational building. Ed Broyhill, one of our 
Trustees at that time, took no part in the discussion. He just listened. 
Then he said, "Gentlemen, the best authorities in the field of recrea- 
tion worked with an outstanding architect, and this is the plan they 
worked out. I, therefore, Mr. Chairman, move that we build this just 
as specified on these plans, and I will be responsible for the swimming 
pool." He put almost $50,000 into the pool. The recreational area was 
named in honor of Dr. Greer, and the swimming pool in honor of Mr. 
Broyhill. This gave Mills Home excellent recreational facilities. This is 
just another demonstration of love for the homeless child. 



46 Love in Action 

Since the late Dr. Little had made possible the old church and 
school auditorium, it seemed only fitting that we build a new cottage 
in his memory. So we built the Little Cottage for twelve girls. The 
old school plant was torn down to be replaced by the beautiful church 
that stands there now. All the above facilities were dedicated on March 
5, 1955. 

Mrs. Bess Durham Scott, a member of the Myers Park Baptist 
Church of Charlotte, became vitally interested in the work of the 
Children's Homes while she was quite a young girl. Her father, 
J. A. Durham, was for many years a member of the Board of Trustees 
of the Homes. He built one of the cottages at the Mills Home, but that 
was before the period covered by this part of the Children's Homes 
history. Mrs. Scott started a fund to do something in her father's 
memory. When the new church building was completed, she an- 
nounced that she would add to this fund a sufficient amount to buy a 
pipe organ. This she gave as a memorial to her father and mother, 
and now the Mills Home choir sings to the wonderful tones of this 
organ at each church service. The speaker system for the church was a 
present from the Alumni Association. Cy Harrington, a prominent 
alumnus of Mills Home, gave the pulpit and foyer furniture. Miss 
Sallie McCracken gave the lights for the steeple. Robert Mcln- 
tyre, a long time member of the Board of Trustees, gave the chimes. 

Our next pressing problem was proper lighting for the campus. 
There were a few small electric lights scattered here and there on the 
buildings, but one could not cross the campus at night without going 
most of the way in the dark. An electrical engineer was employed to 
study the situation, and he suggested that we should first widen the 
streets and put in curbing and guttering. We contracted for the curb- 
ing and guttering and to have asphalt poured from one gutter to the 
other. Lights similar to those in a city were placed along the streets. 
The play area in the valley was lighted so that the children could play 
ball, swim, and skate at night. These activities help to keep the chil- 
dren contented, especially during the summer evenings. Mills Home 
today can hardly be distinguished from a small town as you drive 
through the grounds. 

Meanwhile, things were not being neglected at Kennedy Home. 
Under the capable leadership of W. A. Smith, superintendent, the 
building program went forward there also. In 1954, the beautiful new 
church building at Kennedy Home was finished. It was named the 
Parker Building in memory of the donors. Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Jones 
of Kinston gave the chimes. 

In 1956, the Paddock Pool Company was awarded the contract to 
build a beautiful new swimming pool at Kennedy Home. At the 



Administration of W. C. Reed 47 

same time, Roy Poole of Kinston contracted to build the parson- 
age at Kennedy Home. These facilities were dedicated on May 7, 
1956. 

During this same year, the Trustees authorized the building of an- 
other cottage for children at Kennedy Home. Coleman and Associates 
of Kinston were selected as architects and Kirby Hawkins of Kinston 
was low bidder. It was named the Bunker Cottage because the money 
came to the orphanage from the Bunker family. Just a little later, the 
Ferebee Cottage was built. (See Chapter VII on Wills, Bequests, 
and Buildings.) After this cottage was finished, there were not more 
than eighteen children in any cottage at either home, with twelve to 

sixteen being the usual quota. 

* * * 

The building program played a rather large part in this administra- 
tion partly because of the major renovations that had to be done, and 
partly because of the Idol will. However, while the building was going 
on, other important events were happening. 

As soon as the Federal Government decided in 1951 that people in 
religious institutions were eligible for Social Security coverage, I 
polled the Trustees by mail. They gave unanimous consent; so we im- 
mediately entered. Needless to say, all employees were pleased. 

In 1953 a committee was appointed by the Children's Homes 
Board to work with a similar committee from the committee of nine- 
teen that had previously been appointed by the Baptist State Con- 
vention to work out plans for the Children's Homes to be brought into 
the Co-operative Program for part of its support. This committee of 
nineteen had made its report which had been published both in the 
Biblical Recorder and the Charity and Children. As our Trustees 
studied this advanced report, both they and the administration came to 
the conclusion that at best under their recommendations the Homes 
would lose a total of $100,000 to $150,000 each year for several 
years, and we could not possibly promote a progressive program un- 
der these conditions. 

We tried in every way possible to get the committee of nineteen to 
call another meeting and let some representatives of our Children's 
Homes Board meet with them and try to work out a satisfactory ar- 
rangement, but to no avail. With the Trustees' approval I spoke 
against the published report as I attended the associational meetings 
over the state. We found the people overwhelmingly against this 
report, so finally this committee of nineteen appointed a committee to 
meet with a similar committee from the Board of Trustees of the 
Children's Homes and the general superintendent. We soon arrived at 
a general agreement that would hurt none of our Baptist programs, 



48 Love in Action 

and the Homes would enter the Cooperative Program for "that part of 
its support not otherwise provided for." They guaranteed us that our 
income would not be reduced; so for the first time in the history of our 
work we received a small part of our income through the Cooperative 
Program in 1955. This year, 1970, we received more than one-third of 
our support through this channel. 

In 1953, Dr. Greer and I contacted Marshall Pickens of the 
Duke Endowment with reference to helping with the support of the 
full or half orphans in our foster homes just as they did those in 
the institutions. It appealed to Mr. Pickens as something they should 
do, and when it was placed before their full board it was unanimously 
approved. This increased considerably our support from the Duke 
Endowment for we had several children in our foster homes who had 
one or both parents dead. The will of the late James B. Duke 
specified that a small portion of the income from his endowment be 
used to enrich the programs for full or half orphans in Children's 
Homes in North and South Carolina. In 1957 the orphanage fiscal 
year was changed from the calendar year to a year beginning October 
1 and ending September 30 in conformity with the Duke Endowment 
fiscal year. 

During this same year, 1953, at the suggestion of Cloyd Phil- 
pott, a committee from our Board was set up to work with the 
administration in setting up a realistic budget for the operation of our 
work. The budget was adopted for 1954 and was the first realistic 
budget ever worked out and adopted for financing this program. At 
the same meeting another farsighted step was taken. It was decided to 
sell all raw milk and buy back pasteurized milk for our children. At 
that time we had dairies both at Mills Home and Kennedy Home. Also 
the Trustees voted to open the Mills Home Church and the Kennedy 
Home Church to others than those who lived on the campuses or 
worked for the Homes, but very few have joined. 

At the Children's Homes Board Meeting in 1956, the name of the 
organization was changed from the Baptist Orphanage of North 
Carolina, Inc., to the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina, 
Inc. This was approved by the Baptist State Convention at its next 
meeting and the constitution and charter were changed to comply 
with its new name. 

In 1957 the Board voted to produce all milk at Mills Home and all 
pork and beef at Kennedy Home. Of course, we continued to sell all 
raw milk and buy pasteurized milk for the Homes. This procedure 
worked well for several years, or until the old dairy barn at Mills 
Home was condemned. At this same meeting, the Board voted to place 
all insurance with the Mutual Insurance Company of Harrisburg, 



Administration of W. C. Reed 49 

Pennsylvania. This was at a considerable saving. Cloyd Philpott 
made the suggestion. 

At the May 1958 meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Children's 
Homes, W. C. Reed announced his decision to retire on June thirtieth 
of that same year. A committee was appointed to find a successor. 
After careful study of many applicants, they recommended Dr. W. R. 
Wagoner, not an applicant. He was then serving as pastor of the First 
Baptist Church of North Wilkesboro, North Carolina. The Board at a 
called meeting unanimously and enthusiastically approved the com- 
mittee's report and elected Dr. Wagoner. Now, twelve years later, he is 
recognized as one of the leading child care executives in the nation. 

Reed's Co-workers 

As previously said, it is not possible to say something about each 
person who helped to promote the Children's Homes work. There are 
too many in the list, but each person who served there had a part in the 
development of the children. 

Many of the Greer and Wall associates continued to serve under my 
administration. Those persons who came in supervisory positions dur- 
ing my administration are discussed here. 

J. Marse Grant, Editor of Charity and Children 
1950-1959 

Marse Grant was employed as editor of Charity and Children just 
about eight months before I went there as general superintendent and 
remained until after I left in 1958. Marse was born in High Point, 
North Carolina, on September 13, 1920. He is the second oldest 
child of the late L. L. Grant and Mrs. Elsie Warren Grant. He at- 
tended public school in High Point and then earned his A.B. degree 
in 1941 at High Point College. 

One year after graduation Mr. Grant was married to the talented 
and gracious Miss Marian Gibbs, who has played a major part in his 
continuing development in his chosen field of journalism. God has 
blessed their home with three lovely daughters, Susan, Marcia and 
Carol Ann. 

Mr. Grant began his newspaper work on the Lincolnton News. Af- 
ter a short time at Lincolnton, he moved on to the Morganton News 
Herald, and remained in this position until he came to the Homes. 
When the beloved editor, John Arch McMillan, died in 1948, the 
Children's Board of Trustees appointed a committee to find a replace- 
ment. They searched far and wide. Finally in 1949 they heard of this 



50 Love in Action 

promising young editor in Morganton. Every report they received was 
good, and then with one accord they offered him the editorship of 
Charity and Children. This magazine was then, and still is, in great 
measure, the lifeline of our promotion of child care. 

When Grant became editor in 1949, we soon realized that we had 
a man of real ability and talent in that position. At that time there 
were 36,000 copies of the magazine going out each week. When he 
left this had increased to 52,000 copies. This was done in a period of 
ten years, and now the circulation was far more than it had ever been 
before. Mr. Grant left the Children's Homes magazine to become edi- 
tor of the Baptist state paper, the Biblical Recorder. Steadily it has 
grown under his editorship and is perhaps quoted as often as any 
religious journal of the South. 

Mr. Grant easily takes his place among the greatest editors Charity 
and Children has ever had in the field of journalism and child care 
promotion. In my opinion, after nine years of closest association with 
him, not one has done a greater job in promoting the program of child 
care than he. He changed the format of the magazine and used many 
pictures that told the story of the work and the development of the 
children. 

But the editorship of Charity and Children was only a part of the 
contribution of the Grants. Their home was a model Christian home. 
Many of the older girls whose cottage was near the Grant home left 
Mills Home more mature and more dedicated than otherwise would 
have been possible. Their home was open to these girls at any time, 
and their advice was as free as the air they breathed. 

Then again Marse is a good speaker and he traveled from one end 
of the state to the other, speaking and telling the story of the 
Children's Homes and the work it was doing. This greatly relieved the 
general administrator, especially when the associations were meeting 
all over the state. 

May I close this short biography by saying that Marse Grant is do- 
ing an excellent job as editor of the Biblical Recorder, and every 
Baptist in the State of North Carolina should be proud of him, and 
every Baptist church should see that this magazine reaches every 
Baptist home represented in its membership. 

C. A. Kearns, Superintendent Mills Home 

1951-1959 

Mr. Kearns, a native of High Point, is a graduate of Furman 
University and has followed teaching and coaching most of his adult 



Administration of W. C. Reed 51 

life. He served for several years as teacher and coach at Mills Home 
while Dr. Greer was general superintendent. Under his coaching Mills 
Home reached its highest peak in athletics, and many of the boys 
whom he coached went on to college and now hold high positions in 
educational institutions. A number of people have told me that they 
attribute a great deal of their success to the training and discipline 
they got playing on his teams. On one occasion the Mills Home foot- 
ball team gave the Lexington High School team a good thrashing. One 
of the fathers of a Lexington player was teasing his boy about letting 
Mills Home beat them so badly. The boy thought for a moment and 
then said, "Dad, those boys at Mills Home don't have any mothers or 
fathers, and they don't care if they do get killed." 

As has been previously said, Miss Sarah Elmore resigned as super- 
intendent of Mills Home when Dr. Wall resigned as general superin- 
tendent. We immediately contacted Mr. Kearns who held a position 
as teacher and coach in one of the Burlington schools. He accepted the 
position as superintendent of Mills Home and recreational director. 
A little later we saw that the task was too much for any one man, so 
we employed a helper especially to work with the smaller children. 

Mr. Kearns is one of the most tireless workers I know. He gave 
every ounce of his strength to serving the boys and girls and house- 
parents who lived there, and they loved him for it. He was rather 
strict with the children, and they knew that he meant what he said. He 
was always cooperative with the general superintendent, housemothers 
and other employees. There are often very difficult decisions to be 
made in a Children's Home, and it is hard to know just what course to 
take. Sometimes a decision concerning the type of discipline, or some 
other matter, has to be made by a committee. If the other members 
fail to reach an agreement, then the responsibility falls on the general 
superintendent to make the decision and then take the responsibility 
for it. In each case that came up while I was there, if I had to rule 
against Mr. Kearns, he then backed me one hundred per cent. No one 
can ask for greater loyalty than that. 

Mrs. Polly Kearns never accepted employment, but she was willing 
to help at any place where she was needed. There was always a need 
for someone to accompany the children to ball games, on educational 
tours, and to the many other events they attend from time to time. In 
her unassuming manner she made a memorable contribution to the 
child care program. 

Mr. Kearns resigned his position at Mills Home in 1959 to accept 
work in the Thomasville City Schools where he still works with young 
people. 



52 Love in Action 

Miss Lucile Reed, Secretary 
1944-1959 

Miss Lucile Reed is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Reed of 
Sylva. T. E. Reed, who passed away a few years ago, was the oldest 
brother of this author. Lucile was educated in the public schools of 
Sylva and at Western Carolina College (now Western Carolina Uni- 
versity at Cullowhee) where she majored in business education. After 
her graduation she taught in Sedge Garden School near Winston-Salem 
for one year. 

In 1944 she accepted the position as secretary and bookkeeper at 
Kennedy Home. Efficient as she was in this position, her greatest 
value was not in the superintendent's office. 

During the eight years that she was there she served as the Training 
Union and choir director. For many Sundays in succession not a sin- 
gle child would be absent from Training Union although they were not 
required to attend. She supervised excellent young people's choirs, 
quartets, and sextets which involved most of the children on the 
campus. 

In November 1950, Lucile joined the Mills Home Staff to replace 
Mrs. B. T. Fleetwood as dean of girls. Mrs. Fleetwood resigned after 
her husband was called back into the military service. Then when Miss 
Sallie McCracken was promoted from secretary to a higher position 
after she had reached her 82nd birthday, Miss Reed was transferred 
to this position. She filled the position as secretary to the general 
superintendent with credit to herself and to the Children's Homes. 
But here again her far-reaching influence on the children and em- 
ployees alike was through the church. She was director of the choir 
and of the Training Union for the ten years that she remained at Mills 
Home. 

She made a lasting impression on child care both at Kennedy 
Home and Mills Home. 

Mrs. Louise L. Blake, Director of Social Service 

1944-1949; 1951-1960 

Before retiring, during Dr. Greer's administration, Miss Hattie 
Edwards employed Mrs. Louise Blake of Wilmington as her assistant 
in 1944. When Miss Edwards retired in 1945, Mrs. Blake was im- 
mediately advanced to the position of director of this department. She 
remained in this position until 1948 when she accepted a position with 
the Public Welfare Department of the State of North Carolina. 



Administration of W. C. Reed 53 

In addition to her college degree, Mrs. Blake had done further study 
in the School of Social Work at the University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill. So in 1951, we offered her the position she had left at the 
Children's Homes with plans to greatly expand this department, and 
she accepted and remained with the Homes until she retired in 1960. 
Immediately after returning to the Homes, she began the search for 
well-trained case workers. When she first went to the Homes she and 
Miss Edwards, with a very capable stenographer and secretary, Miss 
Mabel Bean, composed the social service staff. When she left in 1960, 
she had built the staff up to a total of sixteen. Eleven of these were lo- 
cated at Mills Home, four at Kennedy Home, and one in a casework 
center in Asheville, North Carolina. 

During this administration we had through the Social Service De- 
partment increased the number of foster home children from sixty- 
eight to one hundred ninety-seven. At the same time we had decreased 
the number of Mother's Aid cases from ninety-four to forty. 

Mrs. Blake and her husband now live in retirement in Wilmington. 
Her influence at the Children's Homes will be felt for many years to 
come. Miss Edwards was the first trained social worker in a Children's 
Home in the state and Mrs. Blake was the first one to build up any- 
thing like an adequate social service staff in a Children's Home in the 
state. 

R. E. Muth, Treasurer 
1950-1961 

Mr. Muth was reared in Hampton, Virginia. He came to the 
University of North Carolina for his training in accounting. After 
graduation he went to Newport News and worked for a short time. 
While he was at Chapel Hill he and Miss Frances Bandy of Lin- 
colnton, who was majoring in social service, began their courtship. 
Soon thereafter, they were married. When she left the University she 
accepted work at Kennedy Home as director of Social Service for the 
eastern branch of the Children's Homes. When Mr. Fraley resigned as 
treasurer in 1950, the position was offered to Mr. Muth. He accepted 
and served with distinction until 1961 when he resigned to accept a 
position in the accounting department of the North Carolina Me- 
morial Hospital at Chapel Hill. 

Mrs. Muth was a caseworker and at times acting director of the 
Social Service Department. She was also director of the case work 
center at Chapel Hill for a period of time. 

The Muths made a splendid contribution to the work of child care in 
the Baptist Children's Homes. There was always an open door to their 



54 Love in Action 

home and to their hearts for the children who went seeking help and 
understanding. They shared both in their joys and sorrows. Their 
friendship gave the children comfort and security. 

Clyde Morris, Purchasing Agent 
1952- 

Clyde Morris came to the Homes in 1952 as purchasing agent 
for the entire organization. Previously, he was a business man in 
Lincolnton. When I came to the general superintendency, I served as 
purchasing agent by previous action of the Board, as did Dr. Greer 
and Dr. Wall. We were assisted by the treasurer and the superin- 
tendent at Kennedy Home. While I was at Kennedy Home, I delegated 
the purchasing of clothing to Mrs. Reed. 

When we were transferred to Mills Home, Mrs. Reed, with the help 
of the houseparents, took the girls to town and saw that they were 
properly fitted with clothing. This she did because of love, for she 
never requested or received any pay for her service, even though it was 
a full-time job. All other buying I turned over to Mr. Morris and a 
great burden was lifted off the treasurer and me. Soon after I left the 
general superintendency, the new administration employed Mrs. 
Clyde Morris to work with her husband as his assistant. They are doing 
a magnificent job. Mrs. Morris is a woman of excellent taste, and the 
girls in the Children's Homes are always dressed just as well as the 
other children. 

The Morrises are making a worthy contribution to the Homes in 
other areas as well as in purchasing. Their home is a good example of 
what a Christian home should be, and nothing is more important in the 
development of children than to be privileged to see stable homes 
where there is harmony and peace. 

Paul Edinger, Superintendent Buildings and Grounds 

1932-1967 

Paul Edinger is the son of the late Mack Edinger, who went 
to work at Mills Home early in life and remained there about 
fifty years. Mr. Mack helped to clear the grounds for the first cottage 
ever built there. Later he became the foreman of all carpentering. He 
died in 1935. Mr. Paul went to work on the Mills Home farm early in 
life. Later he served as farm foreman for many years. I appointed Mr. 
Paul superintendent of buildings and grounds. He was greatly pleased 
with this position and filled it with credit to himself and the Home. He 
was relieved of all farm responsibilities except to supervise the me- 



Administration of W. C. Reed 55 

chanic who kept the farm machinery in good condition. 

Mr. Paul was as faithful to his tasks as any man I have ever known. 
As I have said in a former chapter, he is responsible in large measure 
for the renovation of the old buildings and putting them in excellent 
condition and developing the grounds and play area. At no other 
period in the history of the Children's Homes has so much improve- 
ment been made to the buildings and grounds at Mills Home. 

Mr. Edinger was not only noted for his work with the facilities of 
the Home, but he was one of the best loved men on the staff, loved and 
respected by children and staff alike. He was an outstanding church 
leader. Most of the time he served as chairman of the Deacons, and 
for many years as Sunday School superintendent. If he was not serving 
as Sunday School superintendent, he was teaching a class of boys. It is 
doubtful whether any person in the long history of the Children's 
Homes has done more real service for the children. 

Mr. Paul was married to the talented Miss Essie Byerly. To this 
union were born three girls. Lois has earned her doctor's degree and is 
a teacher at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro; Frances 
is married to Dr. Ted Chandler, a Mills Home boy and an outstanding 
doctor in the city of Hickory; Earlene is living at home with her 
parents. Mrs. Edinger has served in a supervisory position in the laun- 
dry and sewing room and still works there part-time. Mr. Paul retired 
in 1967. He still lives in his home near Thomasville and keeps busy by 
doing part-time repair work. The services of the Edingers is best ex- 
pressed in John 15:13: "Greater love hath no man than this, that a 
man lay down his life for his friends." Paul's entire life has been spent 
in service to the homeless children. 

Van Richardson, Farm Superintendent 

1932-1963 

Mr. Richardson is written up under my administration because he 
was not in a policy-making position under any of the former adminis- 
trators and remained only a short time under the present one. He was 
born and reared on a farm in Craven County not far from New Bern, 
North Carolina. Like all members of his family he learned the value of 
hard work and complete honesty. He was educated in the public 
schools of his home county and attended State College in Raleigh 
where he earned the B.S. degree in agriculture. He is married to Miss 
Willie Mae Myers of Thomasville. They have two fine children, a boy 
and a girl — Waldron, a college graduate who is now in the U. S. 
military service, and Julia Lee who is married and teaching art in 
Maryland. 



56 Love in Action 

When Van joined the Mills Home staff he was soon made foreman 
of the Mills Home farms. He served here until 1944 when he joined 
the Kennedy Home staff as supervisor of truck farming. He remained 
in this position until January 1951 when he returned to Mills Home as 
superintendent of all the Children's Homes farming. During his long 
stay at the Homes, Mr. Richardson worked as hard as any man under 
his supervision. He required all who worked under him, both em- 
ployees and children, to do each job well. 

During Mr. Richardson's later years at Mills Home after the chil- 
dren were transferred to the uptown schools he served as a member of 
the Thomasville City School Board, and proved of great value to the 
city schools as well as to the Homes. He was completely dependable 
and this writer has never been privileged to work with a more coopera- 
tive person. 

When Mr. Richardson resigned from the superintendency of the 
Homes' farms, he entered the real estate business. 

During Mr. Richardson's many years at the Homes, his wife, Mrs. 
Willie Mae Richardson, usually worked, sometimes as a housemother 
but more often as a supervisor of the girls' sewing room. She is now 
serving in this department. The Richardson family was completely 
dedicated to the church and all its organizations. They each taught a 
Sunday School class. Their contribution to each of the Homes will last 
for many years to come. 

W. A. Smith, Superintendent of Kennedy Home 
Mrs. W. A. Smith, Assistant to the Superintendent 

1950-1967 

This couple worked so closely together that it is hardly possible to 
think of one without the other. W. A. was a native of South Carolina, 
but spent the greater part of his adult life in North Carolina. His wife, 
Virginia, was reared near Salisbury. They both grew up on the farm 
and early learned the value of work. W. A. was educated in the public 
schools of his state and graduated from Furman University. Mrs. 
Smith, after finishing high school, graduated from a school of nursing. 
Now she is highly skilled in her profession. 

After some years in agriculture, Mr. Smith accepted a position at 
South Mountain Institute as assistant superintendent. This is a board- 
ing school and the children are about the same age as the ones he 
would be dealing with at Kennedy Home. So his experience there was 
of great value to him as he faced the challenge at Kennedy Home. 
While he was at South Mountain, he and Virginia were married and 
soon moved to Watauga County. Here he worked with the Federal 







Dr. B. W. Spilman 

General Field Secretary, Baptist Sunday School Board 

Children's Homes Trustee 

1916-1941 

Author of: The Mills Home: A History of the Baptist Orphanage Movement in North 

Carolina 



Miss Sallie McCracken 
with (left to right) John 
Terrell, Carl Larson, and 
Joel Morris. 




Early Thomasville Baptist Orphanage staff members included (seated, left to 
right) Dr. M. L. Kesler, general manager; Archibald Johnson editor, Charity 
and Children and F. B. Hamrick, treasurer. The ladies included (left to right) 
Miss Sallie McCracken, office secretary; Miss Eulai.ia Turner, lady mana- 
ger and Miss Hattie Edwards, director of Social Service. 



Miss Eulalia Turner 

Lady Manager, Mills Home 

1899-1938 




J. D. Fraley 
Treasurer 

1947-1950 



R. D. Covington 
Treasurer 
1929-1947 





RlMAN E. MUTH 

Treasurer 
1950-1961 





Three former superinten- 
dents of Baptist Children's 
Homes campuses included 
(left to right) W. A. Smith, 
Kennedy Home, 1950-1968; 
Vernon S. Sparrow, Mills 
Home, 1959-1969; and Ches- 
ley Hammond, Odum Home, 
1961-1968. 



John Arch McMillan 

Editor 

1934-1948 





"J. Marse Grant 

Editor 

1950-1959 



John Roberts 

Editor 

1960-1965 



Orville Scott 

Editor 

1965-1968 





J. Eugene White 
Editor 
1969- 





Dr. E. Norflhet Gardner 

Pastor, Mills Home Baptist 

Church 

1925-1929 

Interim Editor 

1960, 1965 



C. M. "Cy" Howell (right), Print Shop 
foreman from 1933 until 1945, and two 
"old timers" talked things over during 
homecoming at Mills Home. 





C. J. Morris 

Purchasing Agent 

1952- 




Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Smith 
Superintendent Kennedy Home 
1950-1968 



Dr. P. M. Sherrill, seen in this photo with 
Michael Eddinger, his namesake, served 
Mills Home for 18 years prior to his death 
in 1956. 





Raymond F. Hough 

Superintendent, Kennedy Home 

1924-1928 




Mrs. W. R. Wagoner 

Director, Child Development Center 

1965- 






'\ 



W. Isaac Terrell 

Pastor, Mills Home Baptist Church 

1953-1954 

Director of Development 

1967- 




''^Hlb"* 




J. Parker McLendon 
Superintendent, Mills Home 
1970- 





Roger E. Williams, Jr. 

Pastor, Mills Home Baptist Church 

1956-1965 

Director of Development 

1965-1967 

Superintendent of Kennedy Home 

1967- 



F. T. Bowman 
Treasurer 
1961 





Hugh Starnes 

Social Worker, Mills Home and Western Area 

Superintendent Elect, Broyhill Home 

1970- 




Uw 





Miss Sarah E. Elmore 

Superintendent, Mills Home 

1939-1950 



Romulus Skaggs 

Principal, Mills Home School 

1935-1950 




V Miss Mabel Bean 
Mills Home Social Service Department 
1934-1957 



Mrs. W. C. Reed 







i f 



v - 




C. C. McKoin 

Farm Manager, Mills Home 

1931-1947 



Rodney Beals 

Pastor, Kennedy Home Baptist 

Church 

1970- 




Lucile Reed 

Secretary to General Superintendent, W. C. Reed 

1944-1959 





James M. Lambert 

Pastor, Mills Home Baptist Church 

1966- 




E. W. Brogden 

Assistant Superintendent, Kennedy Home 

1921-1949 



Van Richardson 

Farm Superintendent 

1931-1963 






Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Johnson 

Farm Superintendent, Kennedy Home 

1943-1962 



Paul Edinger 

Farm Foreman, Mills Home 

1932-1949 

Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds 

Mills Home 

1950-1966 



H. J. Hensley 

Farm Manager, Kennedy Home 

1943-1970 






Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Hough 

Superintendent, Kennedy Home 

1928-1943 



William A. Sisk 

Farm and Food Manager and 

Director of Campus Activities, 

Mills Home 

1969- 





Willard Myers 

Maintenance Superintendent, Mills Home 

1966- 



Kennedy Home 




Melvin Walker 

Director of Cottage and Campus Life 

Kennedy Home 

1968- 



Program 



*p 




W. E. Walker 

Supervisor, Food Locker Plant, and 

Purchasing Agent for foods at 

Kennedy Home 

1949- 



Afton Quinn 
Director of Social Service 
1960- 




Nelson Hayes, alumnus of both Mills and 
Kennedy Homes; Miss Sallie McCracken; 
Dr. I. G. Greer and trustee. Dr. Olin T. 
Binkley. 





Mills Home housemothers (left to right) 
Mrs. Ray Frisbee and her mother-in-law, 
Mrs. Grace Frisbee, visit with Dr. Alan 
Keith-Lucas, professor at the School of 
Social Work of the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill, who serves as 
consultant to the Baptist Children's Homes. 



Mrs. W. R. Wagoner (center) is director 
of the Child Development Center at Mills 
Home. She is seen in this photograph with 
Mrs. James K. Ward, teacher, and a group 
of her students. 




Administration of W. C. Reed 57 

Government in the field of agriculture and his wife was county nurse. 
They made a very important contribution to that area of the state, but 
some of us believed that God had still higher plans for them. When I 
was elected as general superintendent, we immediately made contact 
with the Smiths. Their training had been ideal for this important 
work. Mr. Smith had served with distinction in a child-caring institu- 
tion and also in agriculture, and Kennedy Home owns a large and 
fertile farm. Mrs. Smith would, with her skill in nursing, be invaluable 
in caring for the health of the children. Dr. and Mrs. I. G. Greer 
joined Mrs. Reed and me to meet the Smiths in Statesville. During the 
midday meal we discussed the situation at Kennedy Home. Later, after 
a visit to Kennedy Home, they agreed to accept the work there. 

Never have I known a couple who loved the children more than 
they. Either of them was at all times available to any child, employee, 
or guest of the Home who wished to consult with them. Their home 
was always open to the children and it is doubtful whether a day ever 
passed without some child going to their home for a short visit or for 
some information. 

Mrs. Smith served as administrative assistant to her husband. She 
purchased the children's clothing and was a life-saver to the nurse 
when a child got hurt or sick. It was also her responsibility to take all 
children who needed a doctor's care to his office in Kinston. 

The Smiths were both very dedicated Christian workers. He was 
superintendent of the Sunday School during his stay at Kennedy 
Home. Mrs. Smith taught a Sunday School class. They now live in a 
beautiful country home near Salisbury and spend many happy hours in 
their flower and vegetable gardens. In 1969 Mrs. Smith accepted a 
position with the Golden Age Nursing Home in Salisbury where she is 
continuing her great skill in helping to alleviate the suffering of those 
who need her most. 

C. B. Johnson, Farm Superintendent of Kennedy Home 
1943-1962 

Mr. Johnson was reared on a farm in Cumberland County. He 
received his education in his home county and attended the University 
of North Carolina. When he came to Kennedy Home in 1943, he 
found a beautiful and talented young lady who had earlier come there 
to work. Her name was Miss Ruth Elizabeth Jones. They were mar- 
ried, and their marriage was blessed by a lovely baby girl. They named 
her Barbara. She is married now to Ely Perry, Jr., one of Kinston's 
leading citizens and business men. 

Mr. Johnson served with distinction as farm manager for nineteen 



58 Love in Action 

years. He was an excellent farmer and a model Christian citizen. He 
died suddenly on April 24, 1962, while working with his men in one 
of the large fields at the Home. No one had suspected that he had a 
heart ailment, but without a second's notice he passed away. He and 
his wife, Ruth, who supervised the sewing room most efficiently for 
many years, added much to the development of the children. Mrs. 
Johnson continued to supervise the sewing room until her retirement 
in 1967. She always tried to please the children in the selection of 
their clothes, and her understanding and tireless effort helped smooth 
many situations that could have become problems. She now lives in 
Kinston near her daughter Barbara. 

W. E. Walker, Supervisor Frozen Food Plant and 
Purchasing Agent for Foods at Kennedy Home 

1949- 

W. E. Walker was born and reared in Henderson, North Carolina. 
He attended school in his home town. Following graduation from high 
school he entered Wake Forest College where he graduated in the fall 
of 1948. He is married to Ruth Hocutt, also a graduate of Wake 
Forest College. They have one son, Robert (Bob), a graduate of the 
School of Textiles at the University of North Carolina in Raleigh, who 
is now with DuPont in Kinston. Willie has been with the Homes since 
February 1, 1949. For a total of twenty-two years he has done an 
excellent job both in his work at the cold storage plant and in training 
the children. His influence on the campus has been very wholesome. 
Perhaps the majority of the children who live at Kennedy Home drop 
by his place of business more often than any other one place on the 
campus. When special foods, such as fruits and nuts, are given to the 
Homes, the children know Mr. Walker will give them a treat. 

When the time comes to butcher swine or cattle, the stock is sent to 
the state-inspected Frosty Morn Meat Packing Plant in Kinston to be 
butchered. Then Mr. Walker carefully slices the bacon and puts it on 
cold storage. The hams and part of the shoulders are carefully smoked, 
cured, and stored at proper temperatures to preserve them. Much of 
the meat is ground into sausage, for the children prefer sausage to 
bacon. Likewise Mr. Walker cuts the beef and stores it at temperatures 
suited to its preservation. Foods that have to be bought are usually 
chosen from local wholesale houses and delivered in considerable 
quantities to the cold storage plant. The cold storage plant has many 
rooms, each having different temperatures suited to meats, vegetables, 
and fruits of different kinds. 

Mrs. Walker is a teacher in the public schools of Kinston, North 



Administration of W. C. Reed 59 

Carolina. The Walker family has added much to the progress of child 
care at Kennedy Home. 

Pearl Howell, Head Carpenter 
1937-1967 

Mr. Howell and his wife moved to Kennedy Home in 1937. He 
served as a general repair man under E. W. Brogden until Brog- 
den retired in 1949. Then Mr. Howell was made superintendent 
of buildings and grounds until his retirement in 1967. Thirty years of 
his life were spent here working in whatever capacity needed. He had 
several of the older boys who helped him with the work. The boys 
liked this type of work, especially those who had an aptitude for the 
work. 

When we had our four years of such tremendous repairs on the 
buildings, it was necessary to bring in several helpers from outside the 
Home. They worked under Mr. Howell's supervision and did a won- 
derful job in renovating the old buildings. 

The Kinston Physicians 

Perhaps no institution in the state has ever had a closer relationship 
with the medical doctors and dentists than Kennedy Home has had 
with those who practice in the city of Kinston. When a child becomes 
ill or is injured, he is rushed to Memorial General Hospital; or if he is 
too ill to go to the hospital, any one of the medical staff will rush out 
to the Home to see him. They very seldom accept any pay. For several 
years the dentists each took turns coming to the Homes one-half day 
per month. They had set up at their own expense a dental room in the 
infirmary. Later they decided that they could do a better job in their 
own offices. Thereafter, the children were taken to their offices out 
in town. The only charge was for the materials used in treatment. They 
would not accept remuneration for their services. Since the Home was 
established about eight miles west of Kinston in 1916, the medical and 
dental professions have contributed tens of thousands of dollars in 
service to the hundreds of children that have lived at Kennedy Home. 
Without exception, they loved the children and the children loved 
them. This good relationship still exists and no doubt will continue. 
The physicians and dentists who have served our children because of 
their love for them are too numerous to mention. If I should try to 
name them I know I would leave out some, so let me just say that the 
majority of those who have practiced in Kinston since the Kennedy 
Home was founded have had a part in helping the children to grow up 
with strong bodies and good spirits. 



60 Love in Action 

New Directions in Reed's Administration 

During the eight years of this administration, a number of changes 
took place. In the fall of 1951, we entered all of the Mills Home chil- 
dren in the uptown schools. In my judgment this was one of the most 
progressive steps taken during my administration. A committee from 
the Board of Trustees of the Children's Homes joined us in working 
out a satisfactory arrangement with the Thomasville school board and 
the school administration. The city pays a special tax to enrich their 
school program. We agreed to pay for each of our children the average 
that was paid by the special tax for each city child. This seemed fair to 
all concerned. The Thomasville schools were pleased with this ar- 
rangement, and it has proved to be of great benefit to our children. 
Now they began to realize that they were just normal boys and girls 
like all other children. Competition in their studies and other school 
activities became much keener. Many of them, through the years, have 
become leaders in all phases of the school program. Several have won 
distinction in public speaking, debating, athletics, and music. A goodly 
number have won scholarships to Wake Forest and other colleges be- 
cause of their scholastic achievements. 

Another important step was to do away with group care for the 
pre-school child. We realized that younger children need more in- 
dividual care than can possibly be given them in a group situation. 
Our social workers now place children in foster homes until they are 
old enough for school. 

About this same time, we employed a psychiatrist from the Baptist 
Hospital for part time, but after a short time he left the hospital, 
and our project had to be dropped. This experience, perhaps, 
furnished at least a part of the ground work for the Greer Home in 
Chapel Hill for emotionally disturbed children, but this was worked 
out under a later administration. 

A regular program of training for houseparents was started. Dur- 
ing 1954 the Board decided to set aside $5,000 to train house- 
parents at Chapel Hill on a three year trial basis. It worked well 
and is still working in a great way. Perhaps this might be called 
the beginning of the group child care project as it relates to house- 
parents. It was my privilege to serve as chairman of the committee 
from the Tri-State Conference to work with the School of Social 
Work of the University of North Carolina, and the project got into 
full swing in 1956. Al Broten of Wisconsin was employed and 
given the same status as a professor at the University. He was 
connected with the Social Service Department and traveled from one 
child care Home to another. An experienced man in this field, 



Administration of W. C. Reed 61 

he taught employees who worked with children how to do their jobs 
better, and how to direct the children that they might grow into 
good citizens. Dr. Alan Keith-Lucas of the School of Social Work 
at Chapel Hill served as director of the project without pay. In 
February of 1969, I was invited to meet with the officials of this 
project. They now have four full-time teachers, and Dr. Keith- 
Lucas still serves as director. He is perhaps the greatest child care 
authority in the entire nation. We have had much help from the 
Duke Endowment on this project. Now the project takes in institutions 
in fourteen states instead of the original six or seven. This organiza- 
tion has, without doubt, done much to promote good child care. It 
is indeed a new day for the homeless child who must be reared in an 
institution. 

We also began training social workers at Chapel Hill. After a 
college graduate works with our Social Service Department for one 
year, if she wishes to continue this work, she is sent to a school of 
social work and paid a sufficient salary to care for her expenses 
provided she agrees to come back to us after her graduate work. 
The State of North Carolina and almost all the states do the same 
with their social workers. It is almost a necessity to have graduate- 
trained social workers in Children's Homes. In 1950 there was a 
staff of eight in the Social Service Department. By 1968 it had in- 
creased to twenty. 

Each summer the School of Social Work at Chapel Hill conducts 
a two-week seminar for child care executives. Then they have a 
similar plan for housemothers. Hundreds of people from all over 
the nation attend these seminars. Those who have attended have 
always gone back to their work with more enthusiasm and a better 
"know how" than when they came. Many of the same ones attend 
each year. The skills of our houseparents and social workers have 
enabled us to work through the problems of many children who 
otherwise would be lost. 

Then again the more highly skilled social workers have made it 
possible for us to work with pastors in helping families to work 
through their own problems and in many instances the homes have 
been saved. This has made it possible for great numbers of children 
to continue to live with their own parents in a normal setting who 
otherwise would have been compelled to go to some institution. 

On May 7, 1957, the Board voted to accept the Indian Orphan- 
age at Pembroke as part of our program. This was a new field of 
work for the North Carolina Baptist Children's Homes. We began 
immediately to feed, clothe, and pay the other expenses in con- 



62 Love in Action 

nection with their work there, but their buildings had all been 
condemned. We asked our attorney to get a clear title to the prop- 
erty. When this was done, the architect began drawing the plans. 
It was to accommodate twelve boys in one end and twelve girls in 
the other, with an adequate apartment in each wing for house- 
parents. A large sitting room was located in the center and just 
back of this an office, a dining room, a kitchen, and a cold storage 
room. Just over the office was to be developed a commodious guest 
room. The building was actually constructed under Dr. Wagoner's 
administration and was the first cottage built for both boys and 
girls. It is an excellent building and is meeting a great need. 

When Reed retired he made two recommendations to the Board: 
first, arrange to put some children at Wallburg; and second, place 
capable case workers in strategic places over the state to work 
more closely with the parents of the children and to keep in closer 
touch with the pastors. These recommendations are contained in 
the general superintendent's general report to the Board in 1958. 
Each of these recommendations has been implemented since the 
new administration took over the work. 

The changes that came about during this administration were 
not the work of one man alone. They were accomplished largely 
by a good Board of Trustees and many faithful helpers. 






Chapter V 

ADMINISTRATION OF DR. W. R. WAGONER, 

1958- 

Walter R. Wagoner was born on November 2, 1917, the youngest 
of the nine children of Walter Wagoner and Frances Hauser Wagoner. 
They lived on a farm near Lewisville, in Forsyth County. Young 
W. R., like all other farm boys of that time, helped on the farm and 
learned the value of hard work and consistent discipline. By precept 
and example his parents taught him the value of Christian virtues. 
His early education was in the public schools of Lewisville. After 
finishing high school, he entered Mars Hill College in the fall of 
1936. At Mars Hill he made a good scholastic record. He took an 
active part in many extra-curricular activities which did much to pre- 
pare him for his future studies, his success as a pastor, and his suc- 
cess in his present field of service. 

After graduating from Mars Hill, Mr. Wagoner entered Wake 
Forest College where he earned his A.B. degree. While at Wake 
Forest, he continued the extra-curricular activities that had been so 
prominent in his junior college work. None of the extras were allowed 
to interfere with his regular academic studies, however; his grades 
were considerably above average, and he was recommended for 
further study at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. 

While a student at Wake Forest and for one year thereafter, Mr. 
Wagoner served as pastor of three rural churches. It was at Wake 
Forest that this young man came under the influence of Dr. Olin T. 
Binkley, then head of the Department of Religion. Two years after 
Mr. Wagoner transferred to the Southern Baptist Theological Semi- 
nary at Louisville, Dr. Binkley was called there as professor of 
Christian ethics and sociology. Soon thereafter Dr. Binkley be- 
came Dr. Wagoner's major professor and chief advisor while he 
earned his B.D., Th.M., and Th.D. degrees. It is safe to say that 
no one teacher played as great a part in helping Wagoner to 
prepare for his life's work as did Dr. Binkley during the years that 
he studied under him at the seminary. While he was at the Southern 
Seminary, he served as full-time pastor and at the same time made 



64 Love in Action 

an enviable record in all his studies. He financed his own schooling 
from the time he left high school until he won his doctorate at 
Louisville. 

W. R. met Elizabeth Tucker at a gathering of young people held 
by the First Baptist Church of Winston-Salem. A real courtship 
began and never slackened, and on August 6, 1943, they were 
married. They have two fine boys, Otis and Bruce, and one lovely 
daughter, Anne. 

After receiving his doctorate from the seminary, Dr. Wagoner 
was called as pastor of the North Winston Baptist Church where 
he served for several years with great distinction. Leaving North 
Winston, he went to North Wilkesboro where his work was out- 
standing. As a pastor, as a counselor, and as a citizen, he meant 
much to the community. He was at North Wilkesboro for four years 
and then God had other plans for his life, and he moved on to the 
Children's Homes to become general administrator, where he con- 
tinues to serve with outstanding success. 

Over the years I have tried to determine what caused his great 
interest in child care. Perhaps it was his contacts with the children 
while he was serving the Mount Carmel Church as pastor in the 
Yates Association. Each year the Mount Carmel Church invited a 
cottage of Mills Home children to spend the weekend with them. 
They were placed in homes all over the community. Then on Sunday 
morning they all met for Sunday School and worship. So far as I 
know this was Dr. Wagoner's first contact with the children of the 
Homes. Thereafter he visited the Home and became acquainted with 
the program. 

In May of 1958, at the regular Board of Trustees meeting, I 
notified the Trustees that I would retire on June 30. When the 
news went out that I was going to retire, applications came pouring 
in from all over the South, but God had his own man whom He 
had prepared for the leadership of this great program. That man 
did not submit an application, or indicate in any way that he would 
be interested, but the committee from the Board to select my suc- 
cessor read carefully all applications. In their opinion, none of 
them was suited to carry forward the work as they wished it to be 
done, so they turned to the pastor of the First Baptist Church of North 
Wilkesboro because they felt that God was directing them to this man. 
Beyond a doubt, God was working at both ends of the line, for Dr. 
Wagoner accepted. Not a day lapsed between this author's admin- 
istration and his. As I moved out, he moved in and the work has 
advanced beyond all expectations. 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 65 

In addition to his busy schedule as president of the second larg- 
est child caring institution in the South, Dr. Wagoner has held many 
positions of honor and great importance. He has served as president 
of the North Carolina Child Care Association, president of the Child 
Care Executives of Southern Baptists, and first president of the 
Southern Baptist Social Service Association, which had its first meet- 
ing in Dallas, Texas, on September 28-29, 1969. Also he has been 
called upon to address several Baptist State Conventions throughout 
the nation, and to conduct a number of seminars for executives in 
inter-denominational child care meetings. He has attended at least 
one international conference on youth, and he never misses any 
conference of note on child care that is held in the United States. 
As a result he is now recognized by all child care authorities as 
one of the most capable men in his field of service. He has steadily 
grown and progressed in the knowledge of his work, and the pro- 
gram over which he presides has progressed along with him. 

Dr. Wagoner's administration has been characterized by strength- 
ening of the facilities and programs already established at the 
Homes and by moving into other areas of unmet needs. The build- 
ing program has gone forward in a great way. Since Dr. Wagoner's 
administration began, five new staff buildings have been erected 
at Mills Home and three at Kennedy Home. Three of the existing 
buildings at Mills Home were renovated to make them suitable 
for families of children, both girls and boys. Then through the 
generosity of Mr. and Mrs. William York of Greensboro, the first 
building on the Mills Home campus designed especially so that 
brothers and sisters could live together in family groupings was 
built. This was a new venture in cottage arrangement for this Home 
and for others in this general area. A total of twelve children are 
served in this building, and the smaller number will enable cottage 
parents to devote more personal time and attention to each child. 
The Bright-Brown Cottage, the Stokes Cottage, and the Craver Cot- 
tage have since been built as family-type cottages at Mills Home, 
and the Williams and Bryant Cottages at Kennedy Home. These 
six cottages have made it possible to maintain closer family ties. 
The Spainhour Music Building provides rooms for piano and choir 
practice and a home for the music family. The J. Leland and 
Margaret Sadler Library Building provides much needed and much 
used library facilities for the children in one of the loveliest buiildings 
to be found anywhere. A modern dairy facility, second to none, has 
been erected at Kennedy Home. Recently, the W. H. Jones In- 
firmary has been built at Kennedy Home, and the contract has been 



66 Love in Action 

let for a new recreational building there. The office buildings both 
at Mills Home and Kennedy Home have been renovated and are 
now far more efficient than ever before. A new administration 
building for the general officers of the Baptist Children's Homes is 
now under construction at Mills Home. 

The buildings are only the beginning of the program that is being 
carried on at the Baptist Children's Homes. The training program 
for social workers, houseparents, and other child-care workers, which 
is promoted through the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 
has been greatly strengthened. Dr. Keith-Lucas, Distinguished Alumni 
Professor of the School of Social Work at the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill and a foremost authority in church-related 
child care in the nation, had this to say about the work of the 
Baptist Children's Homes: 

"What impresses me at this time about the Baptist Children's 
Homes is the ever-increasing amount of knowledge, wisdom and 
thoughtfulness every member of its staff brings to the problems of 
the redemption of each child and his family. Dedication and love 
have always been present, but more and more a new dimension is 
apparent — informed, thoughtful, well coordinated, and purpose- 
ful love and dedication on the part of every staff member, from 
administrator to social worker to houseparent to auxiliary staff." 

When I left the Homes we had two case work centers — one at 
Mills Home and one at Kennedy Home. Now we have five addi- 
tional ones — in Asheville, in Charlotte, in Raleigh, in Fayetteville, 
and in Chapel Hill. These regional centers enable the case workers 
to keep in close touch with pastors and with the homes from which 
the children come. By this close contact many homes are saved 
and the children remain with their parents. Every year a larger 
percentage of children are returned to their homes through rehabili- 
tation of family life and re-establishment of homes through case 
work services. The late Dr. I. G. Greer used to say that the only way to 
save society is to "Go up stream and work with the families from 
which the dependent children come." These case work centers are 
the beginning of an effort to put this philosophy into practice, 
and the effort is bearing fruit. 

The Odum Home at Pembroke became a part of the Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes under the previous administration, but their building 
has been built and their work carried forward under Dr. Wagoner's 
direction. The new building, operating on the family concept, was 
dedicated in 1960. The entire program at Pembroke is pro- 
moted from this building. It began as an Indian orphanage, but 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 67 

now about half the children are not Indian. There have been no 
race problems at all. Perhaps the Odum Home has done more to 
unify the Burnt Swamp Association than any agency of the Con- 
vention. Mr. and Mrs. Chesley Hammond came to the Odum Home 
on September 1, 1958. Mr. Hammond served as superintendent of 
the Home and Mrs. Hammond served as housemother for the 
girls. They did a very fine work here until Mr. Hammond resigned 
to re-enter the pastorate on January 31, 1969. Tommy Swett was 
made director of the Home on February 1, 1969. From the begin- 
ning his has been a part-time relationship. He also serves as coun- 
selor in the Robeson County public school system. 

C. M. Wall left his farm between Thomasville and Winston- 
Salem to the Baptist Children's Homes during Dr. Greer's admin- 
istration. In 1943 his sons built a dwelling on the farm, and for 
many years some of the farming operations of the Home were car- 
ried on here. 'Now the Wall Home has been established here and 
about twelve boys live here with their houseparents. This Home 
will later be enlarged. It is under the supervision of the superin- 
tendent of Mills Home. 

In 1964 a large vacation cottage that will care for forty or fifty 
people was dedicated near Emerald Isle on Bogue Sound. It has made 
possible a new and wholesomely different experience for the child 
care family. Every child in all of our Homes now spends one week 
there each summer along with the houseparents. Possibilities for 
providing "extra help" for children through wholesome recreation 
and worship experiences in this setting are unlimited. 

The Development Program of the North Carolina Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes was begun in November of 1965, and the Reverend 
Roger Williams was the first director. Foundations, endowments, 
industries, business corporations, individuals, families, and groups 
of friends are being acquainted with the Children's Homes and its 
"Long Range Plan" for complete services. The development pro- 
gram hopes to stimulate grants, special gifts, deferred giving, and 
estate planning. The Reverend W. Isaac Terrell succeeded Roger 
Williams as director and has done a fine job. 

There has been more progress made in our child care program 
during the past ten years than in any similar period of its history. 
In the Chapter of Wills and Bequests you will find how each of the 
buildings has been financed. Suffice it to say here that not one 
penny sent to the Homes by the churches has been used in build- 
ings unless so specified by the sender. 



68 Love in Action 

Dr. Wagoner's Co-Workers 

Vernon Sparrow, Superintendent of Mills Home 
1959-1969 

As has been previously said, the manager of any child caring 
agency is largely dependent upon the type of helpers that he has 
during his administration. Vernon Sparrow followed C. A. Kearns 
as superintendent of Mills Home. 

Mr. Sparrow was born and reared near Chapel Hill. He was 
educated in the public schools of his native community, and then 
went to the University of North Carolina where he received his 
B.S. degree in business administration. Later he was married to a 
lovely young lady, Annie Mae Glasgow. This marriage was blessed 
with four children, three boys and a girl: Ronnie, Donnie, Mickey, and 
Patsy. 

After leaving college, Mr. Sparrow entered business. He was for 
several years connected with the distribution of gasoline and oil 
products. Then after much thought and prayer, he came to the 
conclusion that God wanted him in full time Christian service. He 
had always been a loyal church worker and a deeply religious man. 
He was called to North Winston Baptist Church as educational 
director while Dr. Wagoner was there as pastor. Here he did a 
masterful work, particularly with the young people. After Dr. Wago- 
ner went as pastor of the North Wilkesboro Baptist Church, Mr. 
Sparrow was called to the First Baptist Church of Lenoir where his 
work was very fruitful. Now when the superintendency of Mills 
Home became vacant, Dr. Wagoner immediately turned to him to 
fill this vacancy. 

For ten years he did a fine work in this position. He gained the 
confidence of children and staff through his understanding of their 
problems. During his last two years there, his health began to fail 
and he had to spend much time in the hospital. Finally, he decided 
that his health just would not permit him to continue in this posi- 
tion, so he reluctantly resigned. All houseparents, children, and the 
administration were greatly disturbed by the fact that he could not 
remain with them; but perhaps the Master has some other plan for 
his life. Certainly he has much to offer for the betterment of 
mankind. 

F. T. Bowman, Treasurer 
1961- 

When R. E. Muth accepted work at the North Carolina Me- 
morial Hospital at Chapel Hill and resigned as treasurer of the 
Baptist Children's Homes, the committee to find a replacement soon 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 69 

turned to a talented and well trained young man in Kannapolis. 

Mr. Bowman was born in Alexander County on January 29, 
1923. He received his early education in his home county. After 
finishing high school he entered King's Business College in Char- 
lotte, North Carolina. When he had finished the course at King's, 
he was called into military service. He served in the European 
theater of war in 1944 and 1945. After he was released from mili- 
tary duty, he entered Catawba College in Salisbury, receiving an 
A.B. degree in accounting in 1950. 

He worked under Civil Service for awhile and then accepted 
work with Cannon Mills in the bookkeeping department. He served 
here with distinction for a period of nine years, or until 1961, when 
he resigned to accept the treasurer's position at the Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes with headquarters at Mills Home. 

In 1946 Mr. Bowman and Miss Helen Harrington of Kannapolis 
were married. Their home has been blessed with two fine children 
— Miriam and Charles. Mrs. Bowman, a lady of charm and ex- 
cellent personality, also serves on the staff at Mills Home. Their 
home is a blessing to all on the campus. 

Mr. Bowman not only keeps an accurate record of the money 
and other receipts, but he goes the extra mile and mails out to 
each Trustee a complete record of income and expenses each month. 
He makes a detailed report to the Board of Trustees at each of its 
semi-annual meetings. Regardless of the rush in his office, these 
reports are always ready at the time needed. No more capable 
or conscientious treasurer has ever served one of our Baptist in- 
stitutions. 

Mr. Bowman takes an active part in all phases of the church 
work. Indeed he sets an example in this phase of our work that is 
worthy of being emulated by the children. Someone has said, 
"What you do speaks louder than what you say." This man lives 
and teaches the higher ethics of Christianity; and nothing can take 
the place of a good example in helping boys and girls to grow 
into good citizens. 

William A. Sisk 

Farm and Food Manager and Director of Campus Activities 

1950- 

Bill was born in Haywood County in 1926. Some years later 
his father died when the nation was in the midst of the greatest 
depression it has ever experienced. His mother was unable to make 
the kind of home she wanted for her young son. As a result he 
was brought to Mills Home in 1934 and remained until 1944. When 



70 Love in Action 

he was graduated from high school and left Mills Home, he was 
drafted into the Army where he remained for three years. Two of 
those years were spent in the European theater of war. 

When Bill returned from the Army, he entered North Carolina 
State College in Raleigh, where he studied for two years. The college 
put him in charge of the dairy herd, known as the Piedmont Ex- 
tension Station. 

In 1949, Bill was married to Louise Clodfelter, a young lady 
who had grown up with him at Mills Home and graduated from 
Gardner-Webb College. She was born in Cabarrus County and re- 
mained there until she entered the Home. They have two fine chil- 
dren, Elaine and Amelia. 

In 1951, about one year after I moved to Mills Home, Van 
Richardson who had left Mills Home to become gardener at Kennedy 
Home some years earlier, decided that he would like to move back 
to Mills Home. So he was elected as superintendent of all farming 
operations of the Homes. He immediately contacted Sisk to see if he 
would leave his excellent position at State College to come back 
as farm foreman. His love for the Home that had done so much 
for him was so great that he found it impossible to refuse. Mr. 
Richardson left the Homes about 1963 to enter the real estate 
business. Mr. Sisk was made general manager of the Mills Home 
farm, and later these other duties were added to his responsibilities. 

When Vernon Sparrow resigned as Mills Home superintendent 
in 1969 because of illness, Sisk was appointed as director of Campus 
Life. He is carrying on this difficult task with unusual success. House- 
parents and children alike love him. He is firm in his decisions but 
always fair. Mrs. Sisk worked in the office. 

Mr. Sisk is doing a magnificent job in all areas of his work. Since 
he was reared here, he knows how to sympathize with the children 
in difficulty. Yet he also knows that they must learn responsibility 
and be taught to work. 

J. Parker McLendon, Superintendent of Mills Home 
1970- 

J. Parker McLendon has been named superintendent of the Mills 
Home and director of Children's Homes work in Piedmont North 
Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. McLendon and their family came to Thom- 
asville from Elkin, where he had been pastor of the First Baptist 
Church since 1963. 

Mr. McLendon was born May 22, 1929, in Deland, Florida. He 
earned the B.A. degree from Stetson University (1953) and the 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 71 

B.D. (1960) and M.Th. (1962) from Southeastern Baptist Theologi- 
cal Seminary. He has also attended the School of Pastoral Care at 
the North Carolina Baptist Hospital in Winston-Salem. 

Mr. McLendon has served as pastor in Florida and at Maple 
Springs and Duke Memorial Baptist Churches in Franklin County, 
North Carolina. He was associational missionary in the Tar River 
Baptist Association before going to Elkin. He is a member of the 
General Board of the North Carolina Baptist State Convention. He 
holds membership in the Council on Christian Life and Public Af- 
fairs, which he serves as secretary. 

Mrs. Frances Boyett McLendon is a native of Tampa, Florida. 
She attended Stetson University and holds a B.S. degree from 
Atlantic Christian College. She is a teacher, certified in elemen- 
tary education. The McLendons have three daughters: Novella, a 
student at Appalachian State University, and Sheryl and Martha, 
who are students at Thomasville Senior High. 

"We are fortunate to secure the services of Parker McLendon," 
says Dr. Wagoner. "His background of training and experience quali- 
fy him well for the varied responsibilities which will be his." 

The Reverend W. Isaac Terrell 
Director of Development 

1967- 

Mr. Isaac Terrell was born in Caswell County on June 1, 1918, 
to William Weslie and Fannie Underwood Terrell. This couple 
moved to Burlington when Isaac was five years old. Here the 
young lad attended public school until high school graduation. 
He attended Campbell College for two years, after which he trans- 
ferred to Elon College where he earned his A.B. degree. 

Soon after graduation, Mr. Terrell and Miss Mildred Moss were 
married. This marriage has been blessed with three fine children: 
Isaac, Jr., Rebecca, and John. After Mr. Terrell married, he and 
his wife went to the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky where Mr. Terrell received his B.D. degree. 

After seminary graduation, Mr. Terrell served as pastor of a 
number of country and urban churches. He was pastor of the 
Mount Olive Baptist Church when he was called to the pastorate of 
the Mills Home Church. From this position, he was called to the 
First Baptist Church of Winston-Salem as assistant pastor. Later he 
was called to the pastorate of the First Baptist Church of Ahoskie. 

When Roger Williams was named superintendent at Kennedy 
Home, the Board of Trustees turned to Mr. Terrell and he ac- 



72 Love in Action 

cepted this great responsibility in 1967. No man has ever worked 
harder to accomplish a task, and the results are becoming more and 
more visible as time passes. Mrs. Terrell serves as his secretary, and 
he writes hundreds of letters and publishes a great abundance of 
promotional material. 

Afton Quinn and Others, Directors Social Service 
Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

1960-1968 

Afton Quinn, who came to Mills Home as a caseworker while 
Mrs. Blake was director of the social service program, had started 
out to become a Baptist minister. I first met him at the South- 
eastern Theological Seminary one day when I met all classes for 
one of the professors and had the privilege of talking to them 
about our Children's Home work. Then I was asked to address the 
entire student body on the same subject at the chapel period. That 
afternoon Mr. Quinn approached me and asked if we would con- 
sider one who was majoring in theology for a position on our staff 
of social workers. Of course, I told him that this training would be of 
great value and to get in touch with Mrs. Blake. The next thing I 
knew Mrs. Blake approached me about employing him. Soon he 
moved onto our campus and began his duties here. He made an 
excellent record and when Mrs. Blake retired in 1960, he was ele- 
vated to the directorship for several years. Then he decided that 
he would prefer to become a casework supervisor, so Leon Shoe- 
maker, who had graduated from college and taken a degree in 
social service at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, was 
brought to Mills Home to assume this most important work. He re- 
mained for a few years and then moved on to a more rewarding 
field financially. Mr. Quinn and his lovely wife, Barbee Green 
Quinn, are now heading the Social Service staff at the Methodist 
Home in Raleigh. 

Willard Myers 
Maintenance Supervisor 

1967- 

Willard Myers was born near Thomasville in 1923. His father's 
name was Henry Brad Myers and his mother's name was Montilou 
Kirk Myers. He attended school in his home town. He graduated 
from high school and then enlisted in the United States Navy for 
four years. Two of these were spent in the European area and two 
in the Asian area. 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 73 

Soon after returning from the Navy, he was married to Miss Jewel 
Colleen Whitlock in 1946. This marriage has been blessed with 
three fine children: Kenneth Sherrill, Willard Lynn, and Ricky Neil. 

Mr. Myers is a licensed electrician and worked for the Bryant 
Electric Company of High Point for four years. In 1952 he joined 
the Mills Home staff to help Paul Edinger, superintendent of 
Buildings and Grounds. While in this position, it was discovered 
that he was a tireless worker and had a profound moral influence 
on the children who lived there. He did the wiring of buildings as 
needed, made repairs on the electric stoves, and made almost all 
repairs on the many television sets and radios that were in the 
cottages. 

When Mr. Edinger retired in 1966, Mr. Myers was elevated to 
the position Mr. Edinger had held, but the title was now changed to 
"maintenance supervisor." He is going forward with the program 
of maintaining the buildings and machinery and keeping them in 
good repair in a most excellent way. 

The Myers family are strong Baptists and have for many years 
been leaders in the Liberty Baptist Church in the suburbs of Thomas- 
ville. 

Editors of Charity and Children 
1959-1970 

J. Marse Grant (written up under my administration) left 18 
months after I did to assume the editorship of the Biblical Re- 
corder, our state convention publication. As previously said, Marse 
did a marvelous job here and is doing a masterful job with the 
Recorder. 

Mrs. Marse Grant served as interim editor during the month of 
January, 1960. Then Dr. E. Norfleet Gardner, one of the Children's 
Homes' staunchest friends, served as interim editor from February 
until June, 1960. 

John E. Roberts, a native of Shelby, was educated at Gardner- 
Webb College, Furman University of South Carolina, and George 
Peabody College of Nashville, Tennessee, where he received his 
M.A. Thereafter, he taught school in Gastonia, and was a staff 
writer for the Gastonia Gazette. Leaving Gastonia, he became pro- 
fessor of English and journalism at Gardner-Webb College. From 
there he came to edit Charity and Children on June 1, 1960. He 
remained in this position for five years and did an outstanding 
job. He left this position to accept a position as associate editor 
and business manager of the South Carolina Baptist Convention 
magazine, The Baptist Courier, published in Greenville, South Caro- 



74 Love in Action 

lina. Again Dr. E. Norfleet Gardner came to the rescue and served 
as interim editor until June, 1965. 

Orville Scott took over the editorship of Charity and Children 
in August, 1965. Orville was born in Arkansas, reared on an East 
Texas dairy farm, educated at Panola Junior College in Carthage, 
Texas, and at the University of Texas in Austin where he received 
an A.B. in journalism in 1965. He married Emma Jean Dunlap of 
Carthage, Texas. They had three children: James, Elizabeth, and 
John. Orville did a splendid work while at the Children's Homes, but 
after three years, he resigned to take graduate work at the University 
of Missouri. 

Eugene W. Baker, a graduate of Baylor University with A.B. 
and M.A. degrees and the M.R.E. from Southwestern Seminary was 
serving at the Children's Homes as director of public relations. 
He was given the position of interim editor from August 28, 1968, 
until May, 1969 when he resigned to accept employment with the 
First Baptist Church of Savannah, Georgia. Soon thereafter the 
present editor was named and took over the work. 

Eugene White was born in Texas on November 9, 1926. All his 
undergraduate work was done in Texas. Later he transferred to 
Oklahoma Baptist University, where he received the B.S. degree. 
In 1956 he graduated from the Southwestern Baptist Theological 
Seminary, Fort Worth, with a bachelor of divinity degree. 

Since leaving the Seminary, Mr. White has served in a num- 
ber of positions. First he served as chaplain of the Goodwill 
Industries of Dallas, Texas, where he held eleven chapel services 
each week. He was also liaison between all social agencies of Dallas 
and the Goodwill employees. While there, he inaugurated a number 
of programs for the deaf and other handicapped people. Mr. White 
held pastorates in nearby churches, while in school both in Texas 
and Oklahoma, and led at least one mission project to become a full- 
time church. 

When Mr. White left the chaplaincy, he became editorial as- 
sistant of the Baptist Standard, the Texas Baptist Convention maga- 
zine published in Dallas. He later moved on to the Church and 
State magazine as managing editor. He left this position to become 
editor of Charity and Children. 

In addition to the above, Mr. White has written one book, 
"The Drama of the Cross," published by Baker Book House, 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. Also twenty-seven Baptist Convention 
magazines have carried his articles, and they have appeared in 
numerous other magazines. He has addressed many Baptist State 
Conventions, including our own Convention in North Carolina. 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 75 

In 1950, Mr. White was married to Esther Lee Selvey of Okla- 
homa. They have five children: Stevan Alan, Elsa Jeanne, Bryan 
James, Leland Martin, and Kenan Griffith. 

This weekly paper has been a vital connecting length between 
the Homes and our Baptist people since its first publication, by 
John Mills, on July 14, 1887. All editors have had the responsi- 
bility and privilege of helping to promote the program of North 
Carolina Baptist Child Care. 

Haldene Hensley, Farm Manager 
1943- 

Mr. Hensley and his family came to the Home in 1943 as dairy- 
man, and this position is naturally under the farm manager. He 
was born and reared on a farm in Virginia and received his educa- 
tion in the schools of his native state. He married Christine Reynolds, 
also a native of Virginia. They have four children: Jordan, Peggy, 
Alan, and Patsy. We learned that we had found a man who was 
willing to work and knew how to manage boys. In those days the 
boys who helped with the milking had to get up about 4 a.m. 
to get their job done and get ready for school. If a boy was 
missing, Mr. Hensley immediately went to the cottage to get him 
unless the boy was sick. They soon learned that they must be there 
on time and do their work well. 

Later all milk was produced at Mills Home and all pork and 
beef at Kennedy Home. Then Mr. Hensley was given the job of 
caring for the beef cattle and the swine. He keeps superior herds 
of each, and he always sees that sufficient feed is stored for them 
to be properly fed. 

In 1962 when C. B. Johnson, the farm superintendent died sud- 
denly, Mr. Hensley was placed in charge of the total farming 
operation at Kennedy Home. This was too much for one man, but 
Hensley and his helpers did it in a marvelous way. In 1966, when 
the dairy herd was moved from Mills Home to Kennedy Home 
because the Mills Home milking barn was condemned and the 
Kennedy Home was a far better place to grow feed than Mills 
Home, Frank McDade of Durham County was elected as super- 
intendent and coordinator of farming. He and his family lived at 
Kennedy Home in 1967, but he resigned in 1969 and returned to 
Durham County to help his father run their own farm. When Mr. 
McDade left, the entire management was turned over to Mr. Hensley 
in the interim, and as always, he did a magnificent job. 

The Hensleys are very popular with the children who have lived 



76 Love in Action 

or still live at Kennedy Home. Mrs. Hensley, though not employed 
directly on the staff, has endeared herself to the children by her 
warm personality and her good cooking. When a former student 
returns to the campus, the Hensley home is his home. Perhaps they 
keep in closer touch with the alumni than any others who have 
served there. Kennedy Home is indeed fortunate to have people 
like the Hensleys on the staff. 

Dr. George Perry Highsmith 
1954-1968 

Dr. George Perry Highsmith served Mills Home as physician 
from 1954 until 1968, the first years as assistant to Dr. Sherrill. 
After Dr. Sherrill's death, Dr. Highsmith assumed full responsi- 
bility for the medical program. 

A native of Dunn, North Carolina, and the son of a physician, 
Dr. Highsmith graduated from Bowman Gray School of Medicine. 
His intern and residency work was done at Watts Hospital, George- 
town University, University of Pennsylvania, and Baptist Hospital in 
Winston-Salem. 

The most accurate description of Dr. Highsmith's contribution to 
Mills Home is expressed by two words: "High standards." He gave 
and expected from others the best of care, no less than he would 
want for his own children. For himself and anyone else connected 
with the medical program for the Mills Home children, he accepted 
only the best in quality of service rendered. 

Melvin Walker, Director 

Cottage and Campus Life 

Kennedy Home 

1968- 

Melvin was born in Burlington, North Carolina, on July 1, 1930. 
He was educated in the high school of his home city and then 
studied in a business school. While in high school, he met a young 
lady named Beatrice Rainey. After graduation, they were married 
and they have four fine children. 

Mr. Walker began his career as an auto financer in Louisiana. 
Sometime later he returned to Burlington and served several years 
as a stenographer in a bank. In 1965 he accepted a position at 
Mills Home as assistant to the treasurer of the Baptist Children's 
Homes. He served in this position with complete success. In 1968 
Mr. Walker moved to Kennedy Home and became director of cam- 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 77 

pus and cottage life. Mrs. Walker serves as secretary to the super- 
intendent of Kennedy Home. 

Mr. Walker's mother had served for fourteen years as dietitian 
at Mills Home prior to her son's decision to enter child care 
work. Perhaps this had considerable influence on his decision. The 
Walker family is rendering outstanding service in the field of child 
care in Eastern North Carolina. 

The Reverend Roger E. Williams 
Superintendent Kennedy Home 

1967- 

Roger was born to Roger E. Williams, Sr., and Mary Cult Wil- 
liams in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1918. When he was six years 
old, the family moved to Miami, Florida. Here young Roger re- 
ceived his elementary and high school training. He attended the 
University of Miami for two years, and transferred to Stetson 
University where he received his A.B. in 1939. 

After about two years in the pastorate, Mr. Williams entered 
the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville. He re- 
ceived the B.D. degree in 1945. He served a pastorate in Indiana 
while a student at the seminary. 

While studying at Stetson, Williams met a young lady named 
Mary Coen from Avon Park, Florida. She also received her A.B. 
from Stetson. Two years after graduation, he and Mary were hap- 
pily married. To them were born four children — two sons and two 
daughters. 

The oldest child, James Edison, at a very early age decided that 
God was calling him to prepare for the Foreign Mission Field. The 
entire family and his church were elated by the decision, but he con- 
tracted leukemia and in 1955 moved on to his Heavenly Home to 
forever be with his Savior. Betty Gail, the second child, after gradua- 
tion from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill served for a 
year in the VISTA program in Georgia. Roger David, the third child, 
returned from Vietnam and is now in college at Mars Hill. Nancy 
Carolyn is a student at Western Carolina University at Cullowhee. No 
finer family and no family of higher ideals has ever served the 
Children's Homes than the Williams family. 

Mr. Williams first came to the Baptist Children's Homes as 
pastor of Mills Home Church. He came from the Highland Baptist 
Church of Hickory in 1956 where he rendered an outstanding service 
during his pastorate there. In 1965, after ten years as pastor of Mills 
Home, he accepted appointment as head of the Children's Homes 



78 Love in Action 

Development Program. He served in this capacity with a high degree 
of success until 1967 when Mr. W. A. Smith resigned as superin- 
tendent of Kennedy Home, the Trustees immediately turned to 
Roger Williams to lead this vital part of the Children's Homes 
program. He is not only supervisor of Kennedy Home, but also of 
the work at Pembroke and the case work centers at Fayetteville and 
Raleigh. He is respected and liked, not only by the staff and children 
over whom he has supervision, but also by all Eastern Carolina citi- 
zens who know him. 

Since Mr. Williams came to Kennedy Home, they have erected 
two staff houses, two family style cottages for children, and have 
started work on a new infirmary and a new recreational building. 
Also, the office has been renovated and is now far more adequate for 
the enlarged administrative and social service staffs. All indications 
are that Roger Williams will prove to be one of the most progres- 
sive administrators in Kennedy Home history. 

Richard Wilson Poteat 
Supervisor and Coordinator of Farms 

1970- 

Richard Wilson Poteat was born January 12, 1942 in Blanche, 
North Carolina, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Poteat. He was 
educated in the schools of Caswell County and attended the Agricul- 
tural Institute of North Carolina State University where he graduated 
in 1963. He was married in 1965 to Judy E. Russ of Concord, and 
they have one child, Richard Matthew, born December 2, 1970. 

From 1963 to 1970 Mr. Poteat was with the North Carolina Board 
of Juvenile Correction as farm foreman and farm manager, and in 
1970 he came to the Children's Homes as supervisor and coordinator 
of the farming enterprises at Kennedy Home. Mr. Poteat is doing a 
fine job in his new position. 

Hugh Starnes 

Superintendent-Elect of Broyhill Home and Superintendent of 

Baptist Child Care Services for Western North Carolina 

1961- 

Hugh Starnes was born April 16, 1933, to Bert and Hazel Cloyes 
Starnes in Asheville, North Carolina. He attended Vance Elementary 
School and graduated from Ben Lippen School for Boys in 1953. He 
entered Wayland Baptist College in Plainview, Texas, but was drafted 
after his freshman year. 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 79 

His next two years were spent in the Army, eighteen months of the 
time in Germany. While in Europe, he traveled through sixteen coun- 
tries. 

After his discharge from the Army, he entered Carson-Newman 
College in Jefferson City, Tennessee. In January, 1960, he was 
granted a B.A. degree with a major in sociology. 

While at Carson-Newman, Hugh met Wanda Ellis from Newport, 
Tennessee. They were married in the summer of 1960. They now have 
three children — Mark, Stephen, and Christopher Daniel. 

Hugh was employed with the Henderson County Department of 
Social Services for sixteen months. While working in this position he 
saw a drama about John Mills, first superintendent of Mills Home, 
which was presented at the Baptist State Convention. He wrote to Dr. 
Wagoner with the result that he joined the staff of Mills Home as a 
caseworker in August of 1961. During 1961-62 he attended the 
University of North Carolina School of Social Work. In August, 1964, 
he was moved to the Children's Home case-work center in Asheville 
as casework supervisor. When plans began to materialize for the 
Broyhill Home near Waynesville, he was named superintendent-elect 
of the Home. In August, 1969, he moved with his family to Waynes- 
ville in order to be nearer the work going on at the Broyhill Home. 
Mr. Starnes will supervise the work of the whole Western division of 
the Children's Homes. This will include foster home work, work with 
students in advanced education, and supervision of the new maternity 
home in Asheville. 

New Directions During Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

During the years of Dr. Wagoner's administration, the work of 
the Baptist Children's Homes has grown in an unprecedented way. 
Many new areas of service have been explored, and the result is a 
quality of child care of which Baptists may be proud. 

The Greer Home in Chapel Hill, named for former superintendent 
I. G. Greer, was opened in November of 1963. This Home was 
designed as a place where those too emotionally damaged to live in 
group homes or foster homes may be treated by psychiatrists at the 
North Carolina Memorial Hospital. The Home cares for a limited 
number of children so that individual attention can be given each 
child. Living conditions are similar to those of the finest Christian 
homes where love and affection are foremost. Children may take part 
in community activities and programs. They attend public school in 
Chapel Hill, and the school personnel, cottage parents, and case 
workers work closely together. A team of skilled specialists consisting 



80 Love in Action 

of case workers, psychological counselor, psychiatric therapist, and 
medical doctors, as needed, work with these children. It is one of the 
few places of its kind in the South, and the Duke Endowment Program 
has given part of the support for the program. 

Another new direction for the Baptist Children's Homes was the 
opening of the Child Development Center on September 1, 1965. It 
was planned to provide another significant ministry in the growth and 
development of children, and to serve as a demonstration program for 
week-day services to pre-school children. It is housed in a building set 
just behind the Idol Church Building with a covered walk connecting 
the two. The building was built by funds from interest accumulated 
from the Idol Endowment. It is used on Sundays and for five days 
a week for pre-school education. Included in the program is day 
care for younger children as well as a kindergarten for the older 
ones. These children come from families in the Thomasville area, 
and the center has made it possible for many mothers to get jobs 
and support their families, thus keeping the home together. The 
Center is committed to the practice of quality care and educa- 
tion of pre-school children. The children are not only cared for 
physically, but they are also being taught the esthetic and Christian 
ideals that will influence their lives for good. The Center serves as a 
model and training center for churches and other organizations who 
want to go into this important work. Mrs. Wagoner directs this pro- 
gram, and she is increasingly recognized as an authority on pre-school 
education. Perhaps time will prove this day care program to be one 
of the most progressive steps ever taken by this institution. 

Another area of service into which the Baptist Children's Homes 
is moving is a home for unwed mothers in Asheville which was 
opened in the fall of 1970. This service is one which Baptists of the 
state have shown interest in, and for which there is a great need. Case 
workers will work with the mothers and with the placement of the 
babies when this is desired. This work will be under the direction of 
Hugh Starnes, who is superintendent of the Western division of 
the Children's Homes. 

Land has been purchased and a road built from the public road to 
the site of what is to become the Western branch of the Children's 
Homes. It is near Lake Junaluska between Waynesville .and Clyde. It 
will bear the name of "The Broyhill Home." The Broyhill Founda- 
tion gave $150,000 to get the home started, and more and more 
people of Western North Carolina are donating to the project. There 
is now more than $500,000 donated or pledged to this project. Two 
cottages are now under construction. The plans are to place some 
children there in 1971. Hugh Starnes will be superintendent of 



Administration of Dr. W. R. Wagoner 81 

the Broyhill Home and will oversee all the work of the Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes in the Western part of the state. 

The latest report from the Baptist Children's Homes shows that the 
Homes provided care and related services to a total of 1,322 children. 
Of this number 1,003 received continuing services, while 319 received 
casework, counseling, and referral services. This is probably an all- 
time high for the Homes. All these services are based on a philosophy 
of child care which has love for its base. The following story about 
Dr. Wagoner is indicative: One of the boys at Mills Home was 
constantly running away from the Home. Some one of the employees 
would go after him and bring him back. After he had run away one 
time, the one who brought him back took the boy directly to Dr. 
Wagoner's office. They sat there and talked about school, church, and 
other things; and then Dr. Wagoner told the lad that there was to be a 
party that night somewhere on the campus and he was allowed to bring 
one guest with him. He asked this boy to be his guest at that party. 
The boy had such a good time at the party and was so kindly treated 
by all who were there that he went back to his cottage and never ran 
away again. Perhaps he learned for the first time that someone really 
did care for him. Love solves more problems with children, and also 
with adults, than all things else combined. It is in this spirit that the 
work of your Baptist Children's Homes goes forward. 



Chapter VI 
THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, 1932-1970 

It is most difficult to put into words the great contribution the 
Trustees have made to the child care program of North Carolina 
Baptists; yet they have meant so much that any sort of history of the 
program would be incomplete without some mention of each one who 
has served. From 1932 to the present time, many men and women 
have served on this important Board. They have at all times sought the 
will of God, and each has had something unique to contribute that 
has strengthened and enriched this phase of Baptist work. Many citi- 
zens of this nation and around the world have had their lives enriched 
by this unselfish service. The Board is always kept balanced, being 
composed of a cross-section of select men and women from all sections 
of the state. It contains pastors, businessmen, lawyers, farmers, school 
men, housewives, and representatives from as many segments of our 
complex society as possible. 

Some may wonder just what the function of the Board of Trustees 
is. Each of our denominational institutions — hospital, homes for the 
aging, colleges, and Children's Homes — is controlled by a Board of 
Trustees elected by the Baptist State Convention to serve for a term 
of four years. After the members have rotated off, they may be placed 
on some other board immediately, if they are approved by the 
Convention, or they may at their request be left off any board for one 
year and then returned to the board on which they previously served 
for another four-year term if chosen by the Convention. The function 
of all these boards is the same, and yet each is distinct. Certainly this is 
true of the Children's Homes Board. The planning and promotion of a 
program that will give children a chance to develop their God-given 
talents in an environment that will challenge them to attain their best 
physically, mentally, and spiritually in our changing society is evi- 
dently the greatest need our nation faces. Hence complete dedication 
is the essential for every person who serves on this Board. 

The Board holds two regular meetings each year, in January and 
September. Each year at the January meeting the Board reorganizes, 
since four or five old members are going off the Board and the same 
number of new ones coming on. The members select a Chairman, 
Vice-Chairman, Secretary, Chairman and members of the Executive 



Board of Trustees 83 

Committee, and an attorney. (The attorney does not have to be a 
member of the Board. ) Then all other members are placed on one or 
more committees. The Board is at present divided into the following 
committees : an executive committee of seven members as required by 
the constitution (this committee acts for the Board between regular 
sessions); a social service and education committee that keeps in 
touch with the Social Service Department of the Homes and the public 
schools; the development and public relations committee (which 
keeps the public informed about what the Homes are doing for the 
children and how the churches are supporting them.) Then there are 
the finance committee and the buildings and grounds committee. 
Special committees are appointed as needed. 

Each committee chairman reports either to the executive committee 
or to the General Board at each meeting and makes such recom- 
mendations as they may consider wise. All major decisions are finally 
approved by the whole Board and then turned over to the adminis- 
tration to implement. 

One of the most important duties of the Board is the selection of 
the chief administrator of the Homes. Upon the recommendation of 
the Chairman of the Board, the Board elects a president to give 
general supervision of the agency's farflung program. The president 
is the executive officer of the corporation and has the responsibility 
for and authority to supervise and manage all agency work; he has 
the responsibility for the supervision and management of all the em- 
ployees and personnel of the corporation; he carries out the directions 
of the Board of Trustees, is responsible directly to the Board and 
makes reports to the Board at each of its semi-annual meetings and 
as requested by the Chairman of the Board of Trustees. 

The president of the corporation has control of the several de- 
partments of the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina, In- 
corporated; he is responsible for the supervision of collection of funds 
for the Homes, the purchasing of supplies for the corporation; he has 
the power to employ and discharge all employees of the corporation 
subject to the approval of the Chairman of the Board of Trustees. It 
is the responsibility of the president to employ a superintendent for 
each of the Homes operated by the corporation, a director of develop- 
ment, a director of child development, a treasurer, a coordinator of 
social work, a director of the farm-food program and any other staff 
personnel needed. 

During the years this author has been connected with the Homes 
(1943-1970), the Board has been unanimous in all decisions but two. 
They often have differing views, but they discuss them and usually 



84 Love in Action 

come to complete agreement. The two times when they could not be- 
come completely unanimous were in reference to promoting the 
homes for the aging under our program and signing what is known 
as the "Compliance Act." In the first instance our Convention leaders 
had asked our Board to study the feasibility of promoting the chil- 
dren's work and homes for the aging under one general program. 
All Board members but one did not consider this plan feasible. This 
one voted for the proposition. In the "Compliance Act" two or three 
of the members of the Board voted against signing, but when the 
majority voted to sign, all joined and there was complete harmony in 
supporting the majority opinion. 

Dr. I. G. Greer, until his death in 1967, and W. C. Reed have been 
used since retirement as consultants. They have had the privilege of 
meeting with the Board and the responsibility of helping to promote 
the work of the Homes in the associational meetings and whenever 
called upon by the administration. They have served in other capaci- 
ties such as seeking wills and special bequests and in helping to raise 
money for all projects of the organization. 

The following people. have helped directly to make life richer and 
brighter for thousands of children since 1932, and only Eternity can 
measure the good that they have accomplished through the families 
and friends of those who have grown up in the Baptist Homes. It is 
not the purpose of this writer to try to give a biography of Board 
members. The name, with a very brief sketch of each, is given to let 
the reader know the type of men and women who have loved and 
guided the destiny of the Homes through the years. 

Dr. B. W. Spilman 
Kinston 

1917-1942 

Dr. Spilman was a native of North Carolina, a graduate of Wake 
Forest College and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. He 
served as pastor, secretary of the North Carolina Sunday School 
Board, field secretary of the Southern Baptist Sunday School Board, 
instructor in three of our Baptist theological seminaries, and founda- 
tion lecturer for several institutions. He was also a founder of the 
Southern Baptist Assembly at Ridgecrest and a lecturer in great de- 
mand throughout the nation. He published eleven books and was for 
twenty-five years writer for a number of periodicals of the Southern 
Baptist Sunday School Board. He was given honorary degrees by a 
number of colleges and seminaries. (For a biography of Dr. Spilman, 
see Dr. C. Sylvester Green's book, Spilman, the Sunday School Man. 



Board of Trustees 85 

The Reverend Thomas Carrick 
High Point 

1895-1935 

Mr. Thomas Carrick of High Point was a member of the Board 
for fifty years — from the very beginning of the orphanage until 
his death in 1935. He served as Secretary of the Board for many 
years, and attended forty-nine of the fifty annual meetings. 

H. S. Stokes 
Winston-Salem 

1929-1948 

Mr. Stokes served on the Children's Homes Board from 1929 until 
1948 when he was rotated off by a recent ruling of the North Carolina 
Baptist State Convention that no man could immediately succeed 
himself on any of our boards. He was an official of the R. J. Reynolds 
Tobacco Company, but he was never too busy to help with the busi- 
ness of the First Baptist Church or the Baptist Children's Homes. He 
was a very close friend of both Robert M. and Sarah Maston Idol and 
no doubt played a great part in creating in them an interest in the 
Baptist Children's Homes and the fine job it was doing in training 
boys and girls for a useful life. This influence without question helped 
cause them to bequeath to the Mills Home about one million dollars 
to enrich the program. During his lifetime Mr. Stokes was among our 
most generous supporters. 

Robert A. McIntyre 
Lumberton 

1933-1945 

Mr. Canady was a prominent businessman of Kinston. He was 
of the Varsar, McIntyre, and Henry law firm of Lumberton. He was 
an outstanding churchman and citizen, and served on the Board be- 
fore 1932 and continued until he was rotated off in 1945. In addition, 
Mr. McIntyre served as orphanage attorney for more than fifteen 
years, and the legal business was always in good shape. He also served 
on a number of committees and for some years as vice-chairman of 
the Board. 

J. H. Canady 
Kinston 

1912-1946 

Mr. Canady was a prominent business man of Kinston. He was 
completely loyal to his church and was always interested in the civic 



86 Love in Action 

and religious affairs of his city and state. He often went far beyond the 
call of duty in serving his generation. No man was more interested in 
the Children's Homes. His wife was a niece of the Kennedys who 
gave the 1250-acre farm and mansion to the Baptists to establish an 
Eastern home for children. After 1932 Mr. Canady continued to serve 
on the Board until he was rotated off in 1946. No man was more 
loyal to the cause of child care. 

Dr. Glenn Choate 
Salisbury 

1931-1946 

Dr. Choate was a very prominent physician in the city of Salisbury. 
After 1931 he served for fifteen more years on the Children's Homes 
Board until he was rotated off in 1946. In spite of his busy life as a 
physician, Dr. Choate always managed to plan ahead so that his 
patients could be cared for by other physicians on the days that the 
Child Care Board met. He offered many progressive ideas in regard to 
the children's health and physical welfare as well as in other areas of 
the children's needs. 

Dr. Choate was a great lover of music, so he gave money sufficient 
to purchase instruments for a brass band at Mills Home. Prior to the 
complete integration with the Thomasville City Schools, Mills Home 
had a band that attracted wide interest. Perhaps the music of no other 
band was quite so sweet to the sensitive ears of Dr. Choate as this one 
at Mills Home. Since the children have attended the uptown schools, 
many of them have served with distinction in the Thomasville High 
School Band. 

Dr. Zeno Wall 
Shelby 

1934-1948 

A brief biography of Dr. Wall is given in connection with his 
administration of the Children's Homes program. Suffice it to say here 
that no man has ever served with greater distinction than he. He was 
on the Board in 1934 and remained until he rotated off in 1941. Later 
Dr. Wall was reappointed and served until 1947 when he was elected 
General Superintendent to succeed Dr. I. G. Greer. During his fifteen 
years on the Board, Dr. Wall served as chairman most of the time. 



Board of Trustees 87 

F. B. Hamrick 
Raleigh 

1930-1943 

Fuller B. Hamrick came from Raleigh to Thomasville to be- 
come the first field representative of Charity and Children in 1913. He 
served well in this capacity for two years. Then general manager 
M. L. Kesler recommended him for treasurer of the Homes. Mr. 
Hamrick was duly elected to this responsibility where he served with 
distinction for fourteen years. In 1929 he entered business for himself, 
but his counsel was so sound that the administration immediately 
recommended him to the Convention as a trustee. He was duly elected 
and his term of service began on January 1, 1930. He remained on 
the Board until his death in 1943. Mr. Hamrick was a versatile man 
and made a fine contribution both as an employee and as a trustee. 
General Superintendent Greer had this to say about Mr. Hamrick, as 
recorded in the annual report to the trustees in 1943 : "The annual this 
year is appropriately dedicated to F. B. Hamrick. Perhaps no man 
has ever been connected with the Homes who rendered more varied 
and faithful service. He gave to the work a devotion in wisdom and 
service that cannot be measured in words. He will ever live in the 
memory of this institution." 

C. L. Haywood 

1908-1942 

Mr. Haywood served faithfully for a period of thirty-five years on 
the Board of Trustees of the Children's Homes. Ten of these years 
were after 1932, or until his death in 1942. He did much to promote a 
program of progressive child care. Mr. and Mrs. Haywood made 
possible the kindergarten building at Mills Home in memory of their 
two daughters, Marguerite and Gladys, who had died early in life. The 
annual of 1942 was dedicated to Mr. Haywood as a tribute to his long 
and faithful service. The 1942 report says, "No man has loved the 
Orphanage more, or was more faithful to the duties assigned him." 

John T. Coley 
Rocky Mount 

1934-1946 

Mr. Coley was serving on the Children's Homes Board in 1934 and 
he served until he was rotated off in 1946. He was a progressive 
farmer, insurance executive, and businessman. But with all his busi- 
ness interests, he always had time to do whatever was needed in his 



88 Love in Action 

church, in his community, or in the Children's Homes. He was also 
active in the work of the Baptist State Convention. Since rotating off 
the Board, he has always been available for counsel and advice. It is 
impossible to estimate the value Mr. Coley has been to the child care 
program of North Carolina Baptists. 

Mrs. Beeler Moore 
Gastonia 

1930-1936 

Mrs. Moore was first appointed to the Children's Homes Board in 
1930 and served faithfully until her death in 1936. In his annual re- 
port to the Trustees in 1936, Dr. Greer had the following to say about 
Mrs. Moore, "Since you last met, Mrs. Beeler Moore, who in a quiet, 
unassuming way, was one of the most valuable members your board 
has ever had, has gone to her reward. She had keen insight into the 
needs of the Orphanage and was always ready to make any sacrifice 
necessary to render service to dependent children. Mrs. Moore was a 
devoted Christian and gave her best talents and energy to the service 
of others. We are appropriately dedicating this annual to her memory." 

Dr. R. L. Moore 
Mars Hill 

1925-1938 

Perhaps no North Carolinian in his generation was more highly 
regarded or better loved, or rendered greater service to his fellow citi- 
zens than Dr. R. L. Moore, president of Mars Hill College. During 
his years on the Board of Trustees of the Children's Homes, he 
proved that he was just as interested in the children who live at the 
Homes as he was in the students who attended Mars Hill College. His 
wisdom and contribution to the Board gave great impetus to the child 
care program. A complete biography of Dr. Moore has been written 
by Clarence Dixon and may be found in any of our college libraries. 
The title is Moore of Mars Hill. 

J. W. Noel 
Roxboro 

1911-1945 

Mr. Noel was owner and publisher of the Courier-Times of 
Roxboro for a great many years. It is doubtful if any keener or more 
versatile mind ever served on the Children's Homes Board. He was a 




Mills Home Baptist Church 




■ (*».*'- **>"•"'*"" 



. ,, . - * * 



Sadler Memorial Library, Mills Home 



Durham Cottage, Mills Home 





York Cottage, Mills Home 




Mills Home Gym 




"The Valley," Mills Home 



Cedar Dell, Kennedy Home 








Bunker Cottage, Kennedy Home 



Kennedy Home Baptist Church 




-. : v- 







Locker Plant, Kennedy Home 




Biggs Cottage, Kennedy Home 



" if 




Odum Home, Pembroke, N. C. 









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Greer Home, Chapel Hill 




Ocean Isle Home, Emerald Isle 



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V 



Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Broyhill of Lenoir and their son, Congressman 
James Broyhill (center), break ground for the Broyhill Home in 
Western North Carolina. 



Western Carolina Cottage, |t* ' *»t 1 

Broyhill Home x ^ ^^'^Jfe^ 





Mills Home Pool 



Maternity Home. Asheville 



'-::v^3-<>j ^*fc««#l^ 



Board of Trustees 89 

great believer in every man having the privilege of designating where 
his gifts should be used. At Board meetings, by his contacts over the 
state, and through his paper, he had a great influence in promoting 
the work of the Children's Homes. Suffice it to say here that he was a 
true friend of every needy child, and could always be counted on to do 
his part in meeting that need. 

Thomas P. Pruitt 
Hickorv 

1924-1947 

Mr. Pruitt was an attorney of great influence in his community and 
throughout the state. He was also a very prominent and prosperous 
businessman. He attended the Baptist State Convention regularly, 
and the Convention relied heavily upon him for legal advice. He was as 
faithful as any trustee has ever been to the Children's Homes. He 
served for many years as chairman of the powerful executive commit- 
tee. He also handled much of the legal work of the Homes. Truly, his 
love for homeless children was unsurpassed. 

Mrs. Bess D. Scott 
Charlotte 

1929-1957 

Mrs. Scott is the daughter of the late J. A. Durham of Charlotte, 
a wholesale groceryman and textile executive. He served many years 
on this same Board and often brought his young daughter, Bess, with 
him to Board meetings. So, early in life Mrs. Scott became interested 
in this program. Mrs. Scott and Mrs. Beeler Moore of Gastonia were 
the first women ever to serve on the Board. Since I have been con- 
nected with the Children's Homes, no trustee has shown greater inter- 
est in the work than she. Her church, Myers Park of Charlotte, under 
her inspiration, always gives one of the two largest Thanksgiving Of- 
ferings in the state. 

Charles Shields 
Scotland Neck 

1932-1945 

Mr. Shields was a prosperous business man and farmer from Scot- 
land Neck. He was loyal and active in his home church, and usually at- 
tended the Baptist State Convention sessions. He was somewhat of a 
debater and was always ready to participate in the discussions when 
some controversial issue reached the Convention floor. He made an 



90 Love in Action 

outstanding contribution to the deliberations of the Children's Homes 
Board, particularly in relation to Kennedy Home. When he was called 
to his reward, he left $5,000 to Kennedy Home to buy instruments, or 
whatever was needed. 

J. B. Stroud 
Greensboro 

1913-1942 

Mr. Stroud had been a member of this Board many years prior to 
the date of this history and he continued to serve with distinction until 
ill health compelled him to resign in 1942. He was a man of high 
principles and influence for good. One trustee said of him, "He gave 
freely of his time and his heart." He was very popular and was loved 
by all his fellow Board members. 

A. E. Tate 
High Point 

1923-1939 

Mr. Tate served on the Children's Homes Board of Trustees until 
1939. His last service on the board was as chairman of the executive 
committee. Mr. Tate was prominent in the furniture industry in High 
Point. He was a member of the First Baptist Church and served as 
Sunday School superintendent for thirty-two years. He served for 
many years as chairman of the Child Care Board. I quote from the 
general superintendent's report of 1939, "The recent passing of one 
of your members, A. E. Tate, is one of the greatest losses the 
Children's Homes has sustained in many years. As chairman of the 
executive committee, he was always ready to give time and wise coun- 
sel in the interest of the orphan child. His dignity, his stately and im- 
maculate appearance made him easily a prince among men. This issue 
of the annual report is being dedicated to him as a slight tribute to the 
long years of faithful service he rendered to the Homes." 

T. H. Broyhill 
Lenoir 

1935-1945 

Mr. Broyhill was co-founder and co-owner of the Broyhill Indus- 
tries with central offices in Lenoir. He was also a large landowner and 
businessman of unusual talents. He served with distinction on the 
Children's Homes Board from 1935 through 1945. His wisdom and 
business experiences were of great value in planning for the financial 



Board of Trustees 91 

support and expenditures of the institution. During these few years, he 
developed a very keen interest in the welfare of the homeless child, 
and he showed it in his generosity which will be discussed in the Chap- 
ter on Wills and Bequests. 

Mrs. F. A. Bowers 
Kannapolis 

1938-1947 

Mrs. Bowers was the wife of one of our most successful pastors. 
Among the churches he served was the First Baptist of Kannapolis and 
the First Baptist of Morganton. Both Mrs. Bowers and her husband 
were always greatly interested in the work of child care. Mrs. Bowers 
was loyal to the work and carried out every assignment that was given 
her. 

The Reverend W. H. Baucom 
Asheville 

1939-1946 

Mr. Baucom was a very successful pastor of several churches 
over the state. He was well known and loved by the Baptist leaders 
of North Carolina, and served on several committees of the Baptist 
State Convention. He was noted for his total commitment to all phases 
of Baptist work. He took great delight in the Board meetings and was 
always ready with wise suggestions when they were wrestling with the 
many and varied problems of the Children's Homes. 

Mrs. E. B. Gentry 
Charlotte 

1939-1946 

Mrs. Bess D. Scott found it necessary to resign from the Board in 
1938. She was succeeded by Mrs. Gentry, who was a member of the 
First Baptist Church of Charlotte. Mrs. Gentry later moved her 
membership to Myers Park Baptist Church. She served with distinc- 
tion until her husband was transferred to another state. She now lives 
in Tennessee. 

Carroll C. Wall, Sr. 
Lexington 

1941-1945 

Although Mr. Wall served only one term on the Children's Homes 
Board, it is safe to say that no man ever served who was more in- 



92 Love in Action 

terested and more willing to go the second mile in his efforts to pro- 
mote the work. His interest in the Homes was passed down to him by 
his noble father, who gave to the Homes the farm on which he was 
reared. It has now been converted into "The Wall Home" and about 
eight boys live there. The Wall family has been among the greatest 
supporters of this work since it was founded in 1885. No more faithful 
person ever served on the Board than Carroll Wall, Sr. He was always 
present for the meetings and contributed greatly to the program. Al- 
though he gave financially to the support of the Homes, the greatest 
gift he has made is that of his son, Carroll, Jr., who is now serving on 
the Board. 

W. T. Love, Jr. 
Elizabeth City 

1944-1947 

Mr. Love was a prosperous merchant and leading churchman of his 
area. He came from a very prominent family. This family has fur- 
nished famous missionaries, preachers and doctors to our state and 
nation. It is safe to say that no man ever appreciated the privilege of 
serving homeless children more than he. He was very generous with 
his financial support as well as with his talents. 

Homer Andrews 
Burlington 

1943-1947 

Mr. Andrews was a devout church leader and businessman of his 
city. He was for many years postmaster of Burlington. Like the others 
who have served on the Board, he gave a full measure of devotion to 
the work and made a splendid contribution to the entire program. He 
was particularly helpful in promoting the work of the Home through 
public relations. 

Carl Hood 
Asheville 

1944-1946 

Carl was a product of Mills Home. He came to the Home from 
Goldsboro in 1905 and stayed until 1910. He later was graduated 
from Mars Hill College and then settled in Asheville. Carl served on 
this Board from 1944 until his death in an automobile accident in 
1946. His pastor, Dr. Perry Crouch, said of him, "Carl Hood was a 
businessman, an artist in his business, a loyal member of the church, 



Board of Trustees 93 

a deacon of long standing, a trustee of the Baptist Children's Homes, 
and a most highly respected citizen of Asheville. He served his church 
quietly and well, taking the responsibility assigned to him and doing it 
to the best of his ability. He was a lover of beauty, of flowers, of 
music, and the finer things of life. In his particular business as milliner, 
he had few superiors, expressing his creative ability, artistic tempera- 
ment to the delight of the multitude of customers who sought his ser- 
vices. He will long be remembered in this church by his many 
friends." Carl was truly a prince among men, and during his brief 
service on the Board he showed in every way the appreciation he had 
for what the Homes had done for him when he was young and could 
not do for himself. 

William M. York 
Greensboro 

1944-1970 

Mr. York is a graduate of the University of North Carolina and 
Harvard, a prominent attorney and businessman. He was first 
elected to the Children's Homes Board in 1943. For a number of 
years he served as attorney for the Homes and handled a number of 
important wills and bequests. His decisions are always fair and sound, 
and members of the Board seek his opinion on all important matters 
before reaching a final conclusion. Never to be forgotten was the day 
when he stood up before the Board and said, "The Lord has blessed 
me far beyond what I have deserved. As a young man I resolved 
to tithe all my income. Much of this has gone through the First Baptist 
Church. Another part has gone into the York Foundation. Now, I 
have enough in this foundation to build a children's cottage on the 
Mills Home campus." He and Mrs. York proceeded to erect the 
building. (See the Chapter on Wills, Bequests and Buildings.) Mr. 
York is one of the strongest forces for progress ever to serve on this 
Board. 

C. M. Abernethy 
Lenoir 

1946-1949 

Mr. Abernethy was a school administrator. He was county superin- 
tendent of the Caldwell County Schools for many years. While he was 
a member of the Board of Trustees, he served on the executive com- 
mittee and as chairman of the education committee. Although he 
served only four years on the Board, his advice and forward look in 
the area of the children's educational opportunities were very helpful. 



94 Love in Action 

Waldo Cheek 
Asheboro 

1946-1949 

Mr. Cheek was an outstanding attorney. He was appointed by 
Governor Hodges as insurance commissioner of the state. He served 
with distinction for several years. During his term on the Children's 
Homes Board he was completely loyal and was available for help at 
all times. He served on the executive committee during his last year 
on the Board. He rotated off the Board in 1949. 

H. Cloyd Philpott 
Lexington 

1946-1959 

Mr. Philpott was part owner and president of the United Furniture 
Company of Lexington. His interests were varied. He was a successful 
businessman, and for several years showed great interest in state 
government. He served one term in the state Senate and was serving 
as Lieutenant-Governor of North Carolina at the time of his death 
in 1960. These business and political interests did not in the least 
dull his interest in the Children's Homes. Beginning in 1945, he 
served for a total of twelve years on the Board of Trustees. During 
this time he served as chairman of the Executive Committee and later 
as chairman of the Board. It was under his leadership that the first 
realistic budget was set up, and the first full-time purchasing agent 
employed. He was also instrumental in getting the insurance program 
studied and set up on a firmer basis. Mr. Philpott was never too 
busy to make himself available when needed to help with anything 
relative to Baptist child care. His influence will be felt for generations 
to come in this worthy endeavor. 

Howard A. Penton 

Wilmington 

1946-1949 

Mr. Penton was on the Board for four years. He is. a businessman 
from Wilmington. During his term on the Board he served on the 
Buildings and Grounds Committee where his experience in building 
and finance enabled him to make a contribution to this program. 



Board of Trustees 95 

S. F. Teague 
Raleigh 

1946-1949 

Mr. Teague served on the Board for one full term of four years. 
He is an attorney and has always shown a keen interest in the 
Baptist child care program. He is a very generous person, and with 
his keen observations he made a good contribution to the child care 
program of our denomination. Three of his four years were on the 
powerful Executive Committee where his knowledge was very con- 
structive. 

J. A. Jones 
Kinston 

1947-1962 

Mr. Jones served for a total of thirteen years on the Children's 
Homes Board of North Carolina Baptists. He was first appointed in 
1947 and served until his death in 1962, except for a year between 
each of his four year terms. Perhaps no Board member has ever de- 
voted more time and energy to the study of this program than he. 
During most of these years he served as attorney for the Homes, and 
of course handled many delicate problems. But all his fellow Board 
members knew that he would come up with the right answer. Almost 
without exception the resolutions of the Board were put into final 
form by him. And if there was ever a doubt about the way a question 
was stated, it was always referred to the attorney for a final draft. 
His contribution to this phase of North Carolina Baptist work was 
outstanding. 

R. B. Culler 
High Point 

1947-1950 

Mr. Culler was owner and president of a furniture manufacturing 
plant in High Point. He was a devoted church leader and for many 
years was Sunday School superintendent of the large Green Street 
Baptist Church. Although he served only four years on the Board of 
Trustees, he always showed great interest in the work of child care. 
As Sunday School superintendent, he led his church to become one of 
the largest financial supporters of the Children's Homes of any church 
in the state. During his few years on the Board, his keen interest in 



96 Love in Action 

business and his devotion and love for homeless children were of 
great value to the administration. When he was rotated off the 
Board, he had made provision for a Culler Cottage at Mills Home. 
This cottage now graces the campus and furnishes a home for fifteen 
of the older boys. Mr. Culler did not live to see the building finished, 
but Mrs. Culler takes great pride in it. (See Chapter on Wills, Be- 
quests, and Buildings. ) 

W. A. Bullock 
Rocky Mount 

1947-1950 

Mr. Bullock was a successful businessman of Rocky Mount. He 
was a member and deacon of the First Baptist Church of his city. This 
church for many years led the state in its per capita giving to the sup- 
port of Baptist child care in North Carolina. Mr. Bullock, alonp with 
his pastor the Reverend J. W. Kincheloe, was constantly stressing 
this phase of Baptist work. He served as mayor of his city for a num- 
ber of years, but just as he seemed to reach the peak of his service, 
he was called from this life to his eternal reward. His advice and judg- 
ment while on the Board were appreciated by all. 

E. E. Wheeler 
Asheville 

1947-1949 

Mr. Wheeler served only two years on the Children's Homes Board 
of Trustees, but he made a worthy contribution to the cause. He was a 
businessman and could always be depended upon to give sound ad- 
vice on all matters relating to the finances. At the same time he never 
lost sight of the individual child. He resigned from the Board because 
of ill health, but never lost his interest in the work. 

Dr. I. G. Greer 
Chapel Hill 

1948-1957 

Little need be said here about Dr. Greer. A biographical sketch is 
given in the chapter devoted to his administration as general superin- 
tendent. Dr. Greer was serving on the Board in 1932 when Dr. M. L. 
Kesler was killed by the collision of his car with a fast-moving freight 
train. The Board turned to Dr. Greer to head the organization, which 
he did with great distinction until December 31, 1947. At that time he 
resigned and Dr. Zeno Wall, then chairman of the Board, was elected 



Board of Trustees 97 

to succeed him as general superintendent of the Homes. Dr. Greer 
was then placed on the Board and immediately selected as chairman 
to succeed Dr. Wall. He served in this capacity until 1957. He was 
recognized throughout the nation as a leader in child care. 

Mrs. L. C. Holloway 
Elkin 

1948-1951 

Mrs. Holloway was reared at Mills Home, and like most of the 
alumni, she has great interest in this program of Baptist work. She is a 
leader in the women's work of the Elkin Baptist Church. She has al- 
ways been prominent in the educational and civic work of her com- 
munity. Her love for the Children's Homes is great and her interest in 
behalf of the children in our Homes never wavers. She brought great 
strength to the Board because she knew the needs of those who lived 
there. 

Edwin S. Lanier 
Chapel Hill 

1948-1951 

For many years Mr. Lanier was connected with the University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He was head of the records division 
and chairman of the scholarship committee. After graduating from 
college, he began his career as teacher at Mills Home. Since those 
early contacts with the children he has had continued interest in them 
and their welfare. When I was elected general superintendent in 
1950, he was serving as buildings and grounds Committee chairman. 
This Committee's recommendations led to the spending of more than 
one-half million dollars in repairs to put all buildings in liveable condi- 
tion. Mr. Lanier was one of the strongest backers of the administra- 
tion in working out a satisfactory arrangement for the Children's 
Homes to be brought into the Cooperative Program. He could then be 
counted upon to stand up for the right, and he can still be depended 
upon to support every righteous cause. He is now Commissioner of 
Insurance for the state of North Carolina. 

John M. Elliott 
Edenton 

1948-1951 

Mr. Elliott is a member of a prominent Edenton family. He has 
been employed for many years in a mercantile establishment in his 
home city. He also has real estate and farming interests. He is a great 



98 Love in Action 

booster of all Baptist work in Eastern North Carolina. Certainly he 
made a valuable contribution to the work of Baptist child care during 
the four years that he was on the Board. He was not only present for 
all meetings, but he was very progressive in his views of the work. 
Later he contributed very materially to the solution of certain property 
settlements in his community. 

Miss Addie Mae Cooke 
Murphy 

1948-1951 

Miss Cooke was publisher of a weekly newspaper in Murphy dur- 
ing her years on the Children's Homes Board. She served on the 
Public Relations Committee and was very valuable in helping to plan 
the promotional work of Charity and Children. In the publication of 
the Thanksgiving material, she made a noteworthy contribution. 

James E. Conrad 
Winston-Salem 

1949-1970 

Mr. Conrad, until his retirement in 1966, was an official of the 
R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. He and his brother William have 
considerable farming interests. No man has ever served on the Chil- 
dren's Homes Board who has devoted more time and energy in helping 
to plan and direct its program. James is a member of the First Baptist 
Church of Winston-Salem. He served his church as deacon and for 
many years has been a member of the finance committee. During his 
many years on the Children's Homes Board, he has served on almost 
all committees. He has served as chairman of the executive com- 
mittee, and for a number of years as chairman of the Board. Of 
course, he is rotated off every fifth year, but he has refused appoint- 
ment to any other board. Now, because of his long years of faithful 
service, he perhaps knows more about this program than any other 
member of the Board. Much of the progress of the Homes since 1950 
can be traced to his wisdom and advice. 

W. E. Stanley 
Durham 

1949-1952 

Mr. Stanley was for many years the efficient head of the Public 
Welfare Department of Durham County. He was widely recognized as 
a leader in his field of service. With this rich background of dealing 



Board of Trustees 99 

with needy people he would naturally play an important role on the 
Children's Homes Board of Trustees. Not only was he a wise con- 
sultant, but also he helped in planning the school and social welfare 
programs. He gave great strength to the social service department. 
Mr. Stanley, like other members of the Board, was a leader in all 
phases of his church and its program in the community. He was a 
member of the First Baptist Church in Durham until his death in 
1967. 

Dr. J. B. Willis 
Hamlet 

1949-1952 

Dr. J. B. Willis, a graduate of Wake Forest College and South- 
ern Seminary, was a prominent and greatly beloved pastor in our 
state. He was pastor of the First Church of Hamlet for thirty-seven 
years, until his voluntary retirement in 1957. Although his eyesight is 
failing, he preaches from some pulpit almost every Sunday. He was 
very effective on our Board. He had great influence on pastors all 
over the state, and his love for this work and for homeless children 
has been an inspiration to all who have been associated with him. He 
still never misses a chance to build good will for the dependent children 
under the care of the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina. 

The Reverend B. S. Hensley 
Sylva 

1950-1953 

Mr. Hensley was serving as pastor of Scotts Creek Baptist 
Church during the time he served on the Board. (This old church 
is very dear to me because it is my home church.) Under his 
leadership, the church, which is near Sylva, has erected a very com- 
modious and beautiful educational plant and sanctuary. Mr. Hensley 
served for a number of years as moderator of the Tuckaseegee Baptist 
Association. During his seventeen years as pastor of the Scotts Creek 
Church, he had a very great influence on Baptist work in Western 
North Carolina. He is now retired and lives in Asheville. He is busy 
doing supply work or any other service that will help his fellow man. 

Mrs. Paul Price Davis 
Yadkinville 

1950-1953 

Mrs. Davis was reared at Mills Home. After she graduated from 
Meredith College, she and Paul Price Davis of Winston-Salem were 



100 Love in Action 

married. Mr. Davis was a leading merchant of the city and also a 
prosperous farmer. They lived on the farm at Yadkinville and reared 
their family there. Mr. Davis had died some years before Mrs. Davis 
served on the Board. She still carries on the work that her husband was 
so devoted to — both the mercantile business and the farm. Needless to 
say, her insights into the needs of the children and her business acumen 
combined to make her a great asset to the Board in many of its de- 
cisions. 

Mrs. E. L. Layfield 
Raleigh 

1950-1953 

Mrs. Layfield's husband was a prominent businessman of Raleigh. 
She faithfully attended the meetings and played a vital part in helping 
to promote the total program of North Carolina Baptist child care. 
She helped to promote good will for the work all over the state. 

Ingram Hedgepeth 
Lumberton 

1950-1953 

Mr. Hedgepeth is a successful attorney of Lumberton. At the time 
of his service on the Board, he was a member of the firm of Varser, 
Mclntyre, Henry, and Hedgepeth. During most of his years on the 
Board, he served as attorney for the Children's Homes. He helped to 
settle very satisfactorily a number of important estates. He was always 
wise and considerate of all parties concerned. During his years as the 
attorney for the Children's Homes, I never knew him to settle an es- 
tate in which all parties were not perfectly satisfied and happy. 

J. E. Broyhill 
Lenoir 

1951-1959 

Mr. Broyhill is co-owner and, at the time he served on this 
Board, he was president of the Broyhill Industries with central of- 
fices at Lenoir. In 1967, a son, Paul, was elevated to the presidency, 
and Mr. Ed was elected chairman of the Board. In. addition to the 
above-mentioned Industries, in recent years the Broyhills have spread 
out into other areas of business. Mr. Broyhill has served for many 
years as national committeeman of the Republican Party from 
North Carolina. In spite of all these interests, he was never too busy 
to come to the Children's Homes to help plan the program and the 
financing of it. On a number of occasions he made suggestions 






Board of Trustees 101 

that are responsible for some of the most progressive steps taken 
there since I have been connected with the work. Although Mr. Broy- 
hill has not served on the Board for many years, he has lost none of 
his interest. This was shown in 1968 when he and his family gave 
$150,000 to help construct a Western home for children, to be 
known as the Broyhill Home, Western branch of the Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes of North Carolina. 

A. G. Glenn 

Smithfield 

1951-1969 

Mr. Glenn is a prominent school man. He served as superinten- 
dent of the city schools of Smithfield many years prior to his re- 
tirement. With his knowledge of public schools, he naturally fills 
a most important position on the Board of Trustees of the Chil- 
dren's Homes. He rendered great service in planning and imple- 
menting plans to send all Mills Home children to the uptown city 
schools of Thomasville. He has headed the important education 
committee for many years. This committee not only works with the 
schools but also with the social service department of the child care 
work. Mr. Glenn has given great strength to the social service depart- 
ment as well as to the educational program. 

E. F. Duke 

Rocky Mount 

1951-1954 

Mr. Duke was a man of great poise as well as wisdom. His city 
of Rocky Mount honored him by electing him mayor. Although he 
served only one four-year term on the Board, his contribution was 
significant. Perhaps in his gentle way his suggestions carried as much 
weight with his fellow Board members as those of any other person. 
He was loved in church and civic circles by all who knew him. 

The Reverend J. Ned Taylor 

Charlotte 

1950-1953 

Mr. Taylor was a prominent Baptist minister and pastor 
of the Chantilly Baptist Church in Charlotte during his term on 
this Board. He had great interest in all phases of Baptist work and 
made a significant contribution to the Children's Homes work. 



102 Love in Action 

J. A. Burris 
Lincolnton 

1952-1961 

Mr. Burris is a prominent furniture manufacturer of Lincolnton 
and a leading member of the First Baptist Church of that city. 
He was principal owner and president of the Burris Manufacturing 
Company while he served his two terms on the Baptist Children's 
Homes Board of North Carolina. His son, Wayne, is now president 
and Mr. J. A. is chairman of the board. He has long been a bene- 
factor of many Baptist institutions of the state and the South. He 
gave Meredith College furniture for their living rooms. He has also 
given furniture to the Children's Homes and to a number of our 
theological seminaries, and perhaps other colleges in this state. He 
has long had great interest in our Children's Homes. While on the 
Board, he served on the buildings and grounds committee, on the 
farm committee and on the executive committee, part of the time 
as chairman. Then he served as vice-president of the Board. Re- 
cently he made a liberal contribution to the building fund for the 
Broyhill Home to be located in Haywood County. While he served 
on this Board, he and Cloyd Philpott were largely responsible for 
getting a purchasing agent, thereby taking a heavy load off the 
treasurer and general superintendent. These same two men in- 
sisted on a realistic budget and helped to work the budget out in 
detail. They also played a great part in getting the Homes on a 
sounder insurance plan, which also enabled us to save quite a 
sum of money. All in all, I must say that we have had no more 
capable man nor one who took greater interest in the work than 
Mr. Burris. 

Dr. J. H. Matthews 
Asheville 

1952-1953 

Our records show that Dr. Matthews served only two years on the 
Board. Both of these years he was a member of the education com- 
mittee where he served well and his influence was considerable. 

Mrs. George McNeill 
Morehead City 

1952-1970 

Mrs. McNeill is the wife of a prominent lawyer in Morehead 
City. She is active in all church, school, and civic affairs in her city 
and in Eastern North Carolina. In the history of the Homes, no one 



Board of Trustees 103 

has shown greater concern for the homeless child than she. On 
numerous occasions she has provided places in her community 
where large groups of children could go to spend the weekend and 
play and swim in the surf of Atlantic Beach. Later she and her 
husband gave a beautiful lot on Bogue Sound for a cottage where 
all our children could spend a week during the vacation months. 
This could not have happened without the generosity and thought- 
fulness of the McNeills. 

Forrest Shearin 
Scotland Neck 

1952-1955 

Mr. Shearin is a businessman of Scotland Neck. For many 
years he has been a national leader in the Junior Order, serving 
as treasurer. In this connection he keeps in close touch with the 
Junior Order Home in Lexington and serves as its treasurer. This 
is the only Children's Home the Junior Order in the U.S.A. now 
supports. Naturally, Mr. Shearin brought with him considerable 
knowledge of and insight into the work of child care that Baptists 
are doing in North Carolina. This enabled him to make a con- 
siderable contribution to the Board as it struggled with the many 
complex problems connected with any such program. Mr. Shearin 
is a member of the First Baptist Church of his city. 

The Reverend Mack Goss 
Hendersonville 

1954-1955 

Mr. Goss filled the unexpired term of Dr. Matthews, men- 
tioned earlier in this chapter. He was the long time pastor of the 
First Baptist Church of Hendersonville. Prior to coming to North 
Carolina, he had served on the Connie Maxwell Board. Since Connie 
Maxwell, the Baptist Home of South Carolina, has long been con- 
sidered one of the most progressive child caring centers in the Southern 
Baptist Convention, Mr. Goss naturally had many constructive ideas 
to offer which would give strength to the program in North Carolina. 
Although he served only a short time, he served well. 

Robert Gatlin 
Raeford 

1953-1970 

Mr. Gatlin is a graduate of the University of North Carolina at 
Raleigh. He majored in agriculture and civil engineering and has 



104 Love in Action 

followed these dual occupations most of his life. While his father 
and brothers managed the mercantile business, Robert managed 
the farms, and surveyed land all over the area where he lived 
whenever he could get away from the farm. So he came to the 
Board with a considerable interest in farming. He has served much 
of the time as chairman of the farm committee. Perhaps it is ac- 
curate to say that he has played a greater part in coordinating and 
planning the general program of farming at the Homes than any 
other Board member. His abilities have been invaluable both to 
the Board and to the administration. 

The Reverend T. L. Cashwell 
Gastonia 

1953-1956 

Mr. Cashwell was for many years the beloved pastor of 
East Gastonia Baptist Church. He was loved and respected by all 
who knew him. Perhaps no pastor in the North Carolina Baptist 
State Convention was more widely known in the state. He was in- 
deed a powerful preacher of the Gospel and a great promoter of 
all Baptist causes. I think I can safely say that no phase of Chris- 
tian service was closer to his heart than child care. This was re- 
flected by the large Thanksgiving Offering that his church made to 
the child care program each year. Mr. Cashwell is now retired 
and lives in Gastonia. He is busy with supply work much of the 
time. He must be a very happy man now because he passed on to 
his son, T. L., Jr., the ability to preach with convincing power. 

Clyde R. Greene 
Boone 

1953-1956 

Mr. Greene is an attorney who lives in Boone. He also is a very 
loyal church worker and takes considerable interest in the Baptist 
State Convention programs. He was completely loyal to the Board 
during his term of service. He helped to influence some of his 
friends to remember the Homes in their wills. He also takes con- 
siderable interest in state and national politics. It seems to me 
that his character can be expressed in one sentence: He is a Chris- 
tian citizen of highest caliber, and is always ready to serve his 
state, his denomination, his church, or any of its institutions. 



Board of Trustees 105 

The Reverend Knolan Benfield 

Hickory 

1954-1957 

Mr. Benfield is certainly one of the state's most capable 
ministers of the Gospel. He has served with distinction in several 
churches. He was serving as pastor of the First Baptist Church of 
Hickory when he was on the Children's Homes Board. Soon after he 
was rotated off this Board, he assumed the pastorate of the First Bap- 
tist Church of Morganton, and was immediately placed on the 
Wake Forest University Board for two terms. In addition to the 
above ministries he served for one year as chairman of the min- 
ister's conference of North Carolina; as chairman of the power- 
ful General Board of the Baptist State Convention; and for four- 
teen years on the Foreign Mission Board of the Southern Baptist 
Convention. His keen interest in the Children's Homes has been a 
great inspiration to many people. His contribution as a Board 
member of this child care program was superb. 

Nelson A. Hayes 
Badin 

1954-1968 

Mr. Hayes is a product of the Homes. During his childhood he 
lived both at Kennedy Home and Mills Home. After graduating 
from high school at Mills Home, he entered Wake Forest College 
where he received both the B.S. and M.A. degrees. He taught at 
Wake Forest College while he studied for his M.A. Then he taught 
at Campbell College for four years. He resigned there to accept a 
position as chemist with Alcoa Aluminum Company of America at 
Badin. He was chief chemist of that division and served with 
distinction for forty years. He retired on December 31, 1968. Nel- 
son has served four terms on this Board and has never missed a 
meeting. On the Children's Homes Board, he served on numer- 
ous committees. No one could possibly love the Homes more than 
Mr. Hayes. He has much to offer in any field relating to child 
care. Perhaps no one at any time has ever served on the Board 
who knows and understands the needs better than he. He never 
hesitates to express his views on any subject, and all members 
of the Board and administration respect his opinions. 



106 Love in Action 

Jack Euliss 
Burlington 

1955-1958 

Mr. Euliss is one of the leading businessmen of his city. Among 
other business interests, Mr. Euliss has the Chevrolet dealership 
in Burlington. He is also a leading churchman, and during the past 
few years has served with distinction in the North Carolina Legis- 
lature. During his years on the Children's Homes Board, he showed 
much interest in the work and helped in many ways to chart the 
course the Homes would follow in the future. Not only does he 
have interest in the work, but he also has a keen business mind 
and makes a good contribution in whatever capacity he is serving. 

Henry A. Helms 
Raleigh 

1955-1958 

Mr. Helms has served in the field of education during the greater 
part of his public activity. He served for a few years as principal 
of the Mills Home School. He was of great value to the work at 
Mills Home when it moved all children to the uptown city units. 
Not only did he make an invaluable contribution in this area of 
child care, but also in working with our social service department 
and our religious programs. In fact he was so versatile that his 
influence was felt throughout the total program. He continues to 
live in Raleigh and is still active in the many activities of his 
church, and I am sure that he will never lose interest in helping 
dependent children. 

Maurice Hill 
Morganton 

1955-1958 

Mr. Hill came to the Board with business experience and a 
willingness to work. After graduation from the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill, he served the University for a number of 
years in the business department. Then he moved to Morganton as 
business manager of the Broughton Hospital there. After a few years 
he joined the staff at the Drexel Furniture Manufacturing Com- 
pany. A few years ago this company merged with the Southern 
Desk Company of Hickory and Mr. Hill was elected president of 
the company. 



Board of Trustees 107 

Mr. Hill served on many committees while he was on our Board 
and later was elevated to the presidency of the Board. Immedi- 
ately after he rotated off our Board he was placed on the board of 
Wake Forest University and was soon made president of that 
board. He played a considerable part in selecting Dr. Scales as 
president of Wake Forest University. Certainly it is not too much 
to say that no man in the state is more interested in the total pro- 
gram of North Carolina Baptists than he. Mr. Hill's interests are as 
great as the needs around him. Whether he serves a great uni- 
versity, a child caring agency, or a great manufacturing company, 
he gives his best. The influence he had in developing plans for 
progressive child care in North Carolina will long be felt. 

Charles Powell 
Wilson 

1955-1970 

Mr. Powell is a successful real estate dealer, insurance execu- 
tive, a sound businessman, and a successful farmer. He is a leading 
member of the First Baptist Church of Wilson. He is also recog- 
nized as one of the most progressive civic leaders of his commun- 
ity. For many years he has served with distinction on the Chil- 
dren's Homes Board of Trustees. He has served in many ca- 
pacities and is presently chairman of the buildings and grounds 
committee. Since he operates a dairy on his own farm, he proved 
a great asset in planning, building, and equipping the new dairy 
barn at Kennedy Home. His own dairy operates very successfully, so 
he knew just how to plan for a successful operation at Kennedy Home. 
Mr. Powell's leadership on the Board gave great strength to the pro- 
gram of child care. 

Edrington S. Penn 

Reidsville 

1956-1959 

Mr. Penn is a tobacconist and businessman of Reidsville. He is a 
member of the First Baptist Church of that city. He served one four- 
year term on the Children's Homes Board. He was very regular in 
attendance at Board meetings and was always ready to carry any 
responsibility given him. He served on the buildings and grounds 
committee for four years, two years as chairman. 



108 Love in Action 

The Reverend Horace Smith 
Canton 

1956-1959 

Mr. Smith was a very successful minister of the Gospel. He 
was serving the First Baptist Church of Canton at the time he was on 
the Board, and he remained in this position until he retired. He still 
keeps busy doing interim-pastorate work and revivals. He now makes 
his home in the city of Asheville. The Canton First Church made great 
progress under his wise and consecrated leadership. He was a great 
blessing to the Children's Homes while on the Board of Trustees. Per- 
haps no one knew the Baptists of North Carolina better than he, for he 
had long been in the forefront of every progressive move made by his 
denomination. He was able to place the needs of our children on the 
hearts of our people as few men could. 

Guy A. Berry 
Greensboro 

1957-1960 

Mr. Berry is a successful car dealer in Greensboro, along with other 
business interests. He is also a prominent churchman in his city. His 
love for the Homes is so great that he adopted one of our older boys 
and made him his own son and only heir. He sent him through college 
and then set him up in business in Eastern North Carolina. Needless 
to say, he took special interest in the program while on the Board, and 
through his services greatly strengthened this worthy task of caring 
for homeless children. 

Dr. John T. Wayland 
Wake Forest 

1957-1960 

Dr. Wayland, formerly one of the state's strongest pastors, is now 
one of the professors at the Southeastern Seminary at Wake Forest. 
He served the Children's Homes Board on the executive committee, 
as vice-president and later as president. No man ever showed greater 
interest in the work, and his contribution in helping to plan and pro- 
mote better child care will be felt for many years to come: He has been 
of exceptional benefit in helping to promote and build up a strong 
social service staff for this child care program. 



Board of Trustees 109 

The Reverend H. L. Ferguson 
Charlotte 

1958-1961 

Mr. Ferguson is the long-time pastor of the Thomasboro 
Baptist Church in Charlotte. He has deep convictions and does not 
hesitate to express his views. He rendered excellent service on the 
Children's Homes Board during the four years he served. He ap- 
preciates this program, and he will never lose interest in the welfare of 
the homeless child. 

The Reverend A. T. Green, Jr. 

Wilmington 

1958-1961 

Mr. Green was pastor of the Winter Park Baptist Church in 
Wilmington while he served on this Board. He has served as pastor of 
a number of churches, as associational missionary, and in a number of 
other capacities in our denomination. He has made a distinct contri- 
bution in every field of service where he has been called to work. Cer- 
tainly his advice was invaluable on the Board of the Children's Homes. 

C. B. Hasbrock 
Bladenboro 

1958-1961 

Mr. Hasbrock is part-owner and administrator of a large textile mill 
in Bladenboro. He is married to one of the Bridgers girls of that 
community. The Bridgers family for many years has had great interest 
in the Children's Homes of this state. They have been among its best 
supporters financially as well as in other ways. Mr. Hasbrock was 
faithful in his attendance at Board meetings and offered constructive 
leadership during the four years that he served. His obligations to his 
business interests made it almost impossible for him to accept a second 
term after he was rotated off. 

Dr. D. E. Ward, Jr. 
Lumberton 

1958-1970 

Dr. Ward is one of the most prominent surgeons in the state. He is 
married to the daughter of the late Osmer Henry, attorney, who 



110 Love in Action 

was for many years associated with the law firm of Varsar, Mclntyre, 
and Henry. This law firm, through the services of Mr. Mclntyre who 
served on this Board for perhaps a quarter of a century, handled all 
the investments and endowment of the Children's Homes for many 
years until they were transferred to Wachovia Bank of Winston- 
Salem. Naturally, Dr. Ward developed a great interest in the work of 
child care. He is now beginning his third four-year term on the Board. 
He is one of the most valuable men on the Board. He has led in work- 
ing out a satisfactory medical program for both the children and the 
staff. He is a dedicated Christian doctor who is always willing to go 
beyond the call of duty in service to his patients, to his church, and to 
all civic and religious causes. 

W. E. Poe 

Charlotte 

1959-1962 

Mr. Poe is an attorney in Charlotte. He is the son of the Reverend 
W. D. Poe, who served for many years as the pastor of the Oxford 
Baptist Church. He is married to the daughter of Dr. Casper Warren, 
who served as pastor of the First Baptist Church of Charlotte for many 
years. Mr. Poe is a member of the First Baptist Church of his city and 
showed considerable interest in our child care program during the 
four years that he served on the Board. His legal advice was especially 
helpful. 

Dr. R. A. Stone 
Pinehurst 

1959-1970 

Dr. Stone was assistant superintendent of the public schools of Wil- 
son when he first came on to the Children's Homes Board. Later he 
was elected President of the Sandhills Community College at South- 
ern Pines where he is now serving. At the 1968 Convention he ac- 
cepted appointment for another four-year term. He has served with 
distinction on numerous committees of the Board. 

Mrs. E. F. Baker 
Black Mountain 

1960-1963 

During Mrs. Baker's four-year term on this Board, her husband was 
pastor of a good country church in Western North Carolina. They 
were greatly loved by the people whom they served in the pastorate, 



Board of Trustees 111 

and she showed much interest in the child care work of the Baptists of 
this state. Her influence will be felt for many years to come. 

Paul Broyhill 
Lenoir 

1960-1970 

Paul Broyhill is the son of J. E. Broyhill, who has done 
more for the Children's Homes financially than any other person liv- 
ing today. At the time Paul served on this Board (1959-1962), he was 
vice-president of one of the largest furniture manufacturing companies 
in the nation. Since that time Paul has been elevated to the presi- 
dency. He had refused appointment to any board because of his 
numerous responsibilities, but in 1968 he accepted appointment to 
another four-year term. The Broyhill family has lost none of its zeal 
for the child care program of North Carolina Baptists. This was 
clearly demonstrated recently by the gift of $150,000 to begin the 
construction of a home for dependent children in Western North 
Carolina. It will be known as the Broyhill Home, Western branch of 
the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina. 

Paul is a graduate of the University of North Carolina with Phi 
Beta Kappa honors. He is interested in all phases of church and civic 
work of his community. He is presently serving as chairman of the 
Deacons of the First Baptist Church of Lenoir. Like his father, Paul is 
a good financier. He was always interested in working out a realistic 
budget and then living within that budget. We look forward to his 
contribution to the Board meetings during the next four years. 

Lewis Jenkins 
North Wilkesboro 

1960-1970 

Mr. Jenkins is a dealer in building materials and he is always ready 
to share both his wealth and time with the homeless children of his 
state. He is now serving his second term on the Board. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Baptist Church of North Wilkesboro. No one during 
the quarter of a century that I have been connected with this work has 
shown greater interest than Mr. Jenkins. Regardless of how busy he 
may be, when there is a meeting of the Board he will be there. The 
same is true in his attendance at whatever committee on which he is 
serving. As a very successful businessman his talents are in great de- 
mand. He is now serving as chairman of the committee to build the 
Western Home. He and Carroll C. Wall, Jr. gave the greater part of 



112 Love in Action 

the building material used in the construction of the beach cottage 
near Emerald Isle. Surely this is a demonstration of love and concern 
for the homeless child that should serve as an example for Baptists 
throughout the state. 

The Reverend W. Isaac Terrell 
Ahoskie 

1960-1963 

At the time Mr. Terrell served his one term on the Board, he 
was pastor of the First Baptist Church of Ahoskie. He had previously 
served as pastor of the Mills Home Church. Two years ago he re- 
turned to the Children's Homes as director of development where he 
is doing a masterful job. Mr. Terrell is one of the state's finest 
Christian leaders. He is a graduate of Elon College and the South- 
ern Baptist Theological Seminary. When he left the pastorate of 
Mills Home, he went to Winston-Salem as assistant to Dr. Ralph Her- 
ring, and from there to Ahoskie. Now that he has returned to the 
Homes, we are hoping he will spend the balance of his active labors in 
the service of homeless children. 

Dr. Olin T. Binkley 
Wake Forest 

1961-1970 

Dr. Olin Binkley is president of the Southeastern Baptist Theologi- 
cal Seminary at Wake Forest. What can one say about this great man? 
He is the son of one of the most spiritual country preachers it has 
been my privilege to know. Dr. Olin graduated from Wake Forest 
College and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, where he 
received his doctor's degree in theology. He earned a Ph.D. from Yale 
University. A number of universities and colleges have conferred 
upon him honorary degrees. Dr. Binkley has served as pastor, pro- 
fessor at Wake Forest College, Southeastern Seminary and now 
president of that Seminary. Perhaps no man of this generation has 
greater love for or greater appreciation of the homeless child than 
he. His understanding of people in general is most unusual. Yet, with 
his marvelous knowledge and learning, he is one of the most humble 
men I know. His life is completely in the hands of God, and his con- 
tribution to child care is measureless. He was elected Chairman of 
the Board at its regular meeting in January, 1969. 



Board of Trustees 113 

The Reverend Elmer Carter 
Canton 

1961-1964 

Mr. Carter served only one four-year term on the Board of 
Trustees of the Children's Homes, but during his tenure he showed 
great interest and made a fine contribution to the program. At the 
time he served on the Children's Homes Board he was pastor of a 
country church in Haywood County Association. He has held several 
pastorates in the state and has always promoted all phases of Baptist 
work. He was faithful in his attendance at Board meetings and was 
anxious to serve wherever he was needed. He was of great help in 
stimulating the churches in his area of the state to promote the child 
care program liberally. 

Mrs. Roger Crook 
Raleigh 

1961-1969 

Mrs. Crook's husband is a graduate of Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary in Louisville and now is a professor at Meredith 
College in Raleigh. She is serving her second term on the Board of 
Trustees of the Children's Homes. She is a very capable woman and 
her contribution to the work has been significant. She wrote the stories 
of both Mills Home and Kennedy Home in dramatic form. The stories 
of Mills Home and Kennedy Home have been presented on a number 
of occasions — once at the Baptist State Convention. They are both 
good dramas and give an excellent picture of the beginnings of these 
two Homes. 

Carroll C. Wall, Jr. 
Lexington 

1962-1970 

Mr. Wall is a prosperous lumberman in Lexington. His grandfather 
and his father both had great interest in this area of Baptist work. His 
father served with distinction on the Board for a number of years. 
Carroll, Jr., is serving his third term. He was president of the Board 
until December 31, 1968. With his business acumen, Carroll, Jr. is 
invaluable in preparing the budgets and planning for the work in 
general. He recently served on the promotion committee which was 
responsible for finding funds to build the Western Home. Of course as 
chairman of the Board he was ex officio member of each committee. 



114 Love in Action 

He continues to work tirelessly in securing funds to complete this 
project. Mr. Wall, along with Lewis Jenkins, provided almost all 
materials for the beach cottage at Emerald Isle. Mr. Wall has shown as 
great an interest and as great a willingness to serve the homeless child 
as any person I have known. Mr. Wall was re-appointed at the 1969 
Convention to another four-year term. 

Dr. John Stegall 
Statesville 

1962-1970 

Dr. Stegall, a prominent physician of Statesville, has served one 
term on the Board. He was rotated off in 1965. Then he was 
appointed by the Convention in 1969 and we look forward to his 
wise counsel for the next four years. He is active in all church 
and civic affairs of his city. He is now serving as chairman of the 
Deacons of the First Baptist Church of Statesville. He has shown 
great interest in the Children's Homes for many years. While on the 
Board he was ever ready to offer suggestions in all matters that came 
before it. His contribution to the program has been very valuable and 
now with his past experiences he can render even greater service. 

James W. Clontz 
High Point 

1962-1970 

Mr. Clontz is a member of the First Baptist Church of High 
Point. He is now serving his second term on the Board and con- 
tinues to make valuable contributions to the planning and promo- 
tion of the work. He attends Board meetings regularly and as- 
sumes any duties assigned to him either by the Board or by the 
administration. 

The Reverend Wilbur Hutchins 
Sanford 

1963-1965 

Mr. Hutchins has held a number of strong pastorates. At 
one time he was pastor of the First Baptist Church of High Point. 
For the past several years he has served as pastor of the First 
Baptist Church of Sanford. His effectiveness continues to grow both 
in his church and in his service on the Children's Homes Board. 
He works tirelessly anywhere in the program that he is assigned. 



Board of Trustees 115 

Don Bryant 
Charlotte 

1963-1970 

Mr. Bryant is a mortician in the city of Charlotte. He is a member 
of the Myers Park Baptist Church of that city. For many years this 
church and the First Baptist Church of Greensboro have given 
more money to the Children's Homes through the Thanksgiving 
Offering than any other churches in the state. Mr. Bryant is now 
serving his second term on the Board and is completely loyal to its 
program. He has served as chairman of the executive committee, 
chairman of the Board and on numerous committees. He is also 
active in all civic and religious affairs of his home city. 

Tom McCurry 

Asheville 

1964-1967 

Mr. McCurry is a realtor from Asheville. He is a member of the 
Calvary Baptist Church. He served for one term and was rotated 
off in 1967. Mr. McCurry was regular in attendance at Board 
meetings and was always ready to serve whenever needed. He has 
a keen mind and has much to offer on any of our denominational 
boards. 

The Reverend Rowland Pruette 

Murfreesboro 

1964-1967 

Mr. Pruette served one term on the Board. No one has 
ever showed greater dedication to the work. At the time of his 
service he was pastor of the First Baptist Church of his city and in 
this position he was pastor of the majority of young people who 
attended Chowan College. His contribution to both institutions will 
long be felt by those who were living in or attending them during 
his years of service. 

Mrs. Arthur Smith 
Charlotte 

1965-1970 

Mrs. Smith served one term on the Board and rotated off in 
1970. She is a person of unusual ability and her talents are many. 
She is the wife of the popular entertainer, Arthur Smith, who 
directs both a radio program and a television show. Mrs. Smith 



116 Love in Action 

yields first place to none in her interest in the homeless children of 
her state. She is also a very active church leader in her community. 
During her years on the Board, she served as secretary. 

Tom Clayton 

Sylva 

1965-1970 

Mr. Clayton is manager of the Sylva branch of the Nantahala 
Power and Light Company. He belongs to the Scotts Creek Baptist 
Church. He is very active in the church and civic affairs of the 
surrounding area, and particularly in his own church program. Tom 
and his brothers and sisters lost their parents while they were 
very young. The children were brought to Mills Home where 
they were reared. While there they finished high school and went 
on to institutions of higher learning for greater educational oppor- 
tunities. They are all making excellent contributions in the com- 
munities where they live. Naturally Tom knows the work as few 
who have served on the. Board. Certainly he gives to this program 
his very best thought, energies, and talents. Perhaps no one loves 
the Homes more than he. Other than his home at Scotts Creek, Mills 
Home is the only home to which he can return and say, "This is 
truly MY HOME!" Tom has served on a number of important com- 
mittees, including the one to locate the Western Home. 

The Reverend Randolph Gregory 
Wilmington 

1966-1969 

Mr. Gregory has been pastor of the First Baptist Church of 
Wilmington for many years. He has served as chairman of many 
of the most important committees of our Baptist State Convention, 
including the powerful General Board. Mr. Gregory is apparently 
as interested in one phase of Baptist work as another. He certainly 
is making a fine contribution to the Children's Homes Board of 
Trustees. 

Dr. English Jones 
Pembroke 

1966-1969 

Dr. Jones is a full-blooded Lumbee Indian, and proud of it. He 
has had the LL.D. degree conferred upon him by Wake Forest 



Board of Trustees 117 

University. He has held a number of pastorates, has taught in 
Pembroke College, and is now president of this institution, which 
was recently elevated to the status of University by the Legislature. 
(He is recognized far and wide for his leadership in the field of 
education and religion.) He is a member of the General Board 
of the Baptist State Convention and is chairman of the social service 
committee. On the Children's Homes Board he has served as chair- 
man of the budget committee and a member of the public relations 
committee. 

Glenn W. Brown 
Waynesville 

1968-1970 

Mr. Brown is a prominent attorney in Haywood County. He has 
served the county in various capacities. He is a member of the 
First Baptist Church of Waynesville, a Sunday School teacher, and 
he serves in any capacity that his church delegates to him. He 
was first appointed to the Children's Homes Board at the Conven- 
tion in November, 1967, and his term began January 1, 1968. He 
now is head of the committee to find money to build the Broyhill 
Home in his home county. He is apparently having great success in 
his efforts. With his unusual interest in the work he certainly will 
make an outstanding contribution to the North Carolina child care 
program. 

W. Olin Reed 

Kinston 

1969-1970 

Mr. Reed is an attorney in the city of Kinston. He was ap- 
pointed to the Children's Homes Board of Trustees by the 1968 
Baptist State Convention. His term of office began on January 1, 
1969. Olin is the son of this author, a graduate of Mars Hill Col- 
lege, Wake Forest College, and the Wake Forest Law School. He 
is a member of the law firm known as Jones, Reed, and Griffin. 
Olin is a member of the First Baptist Church of Kinston and a 
teacher of the Adult Sunday School Men's Class. Since his parents 
lived at the Homes for many years, and since he practiced law 
with Jesse Jones, attorney for the Homes for about fifteen years, 
Olin knows a great deal about their purpose and operation. He 
has a great appreciation for the Homes. He should be able to make 
a fine contribution to the child care program of North Carolina 
Baptists. 



Chapter VII 

Love InAction: 

Wills, Bequests, and Buildings, 

1932-1970 



All buildings at our several Homes were made possible by wills 
and bequests. In my research for the material of this Chapter, I 
have read many hundreds of wills. Often one wonders why some 
people leave their estates to educational institutions, or hospitals, 
or children's homes. I am convinced that it is their love and con- 
cerned care for people. They want children to have a home where 
they can have a chance in life. They want youth to have a chance 
to get an education and develop into good citizens. They want sick 
people to have a place where their bodies can be healed. 

Our Children's Homes have received many wills and bequests 
because the donors had no children of their own, and they wanted 
to have a part in helping the children of others to a fuller life. 
Then, there are people who have lost a child in death and they 
want to do something in memory. One lady wrote me and said her 
son who was in college lost his life in an accident, and she wished 
to do something to help some other boy to have the chance her 
boy would have had if he had lived. One man called on his attorney 
and wanted to leave his farm to the Children's Homes in such a 
way that it could never be taken from them. I accompanied the 
attorney and we visited in the home. They had no children but 
were afraid that if they wrote a will some relative might bring 
pressure on them in their old age and cause them to change the 
will. The attorney suggested that they make a deed to the Children's 
Homes and let the Homes give them a written guarantee that 
they could use the farm just as they wished so long as either one 
lived, but they could not sell it. Not long after that the wife died 
and a relative came to live in the house with the husband. Then 
the husband wrote and wanted to get the deed back, but the 
attorney said it must not be made back to him. After his death 
several years later, the farm was sold and put into the endow- 
ment, and now this noble couple is making it possible for a num- 
ber of children to have a better life and grow up in a Christian 
environment. 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 119 

The wills that have come to the Homes have ranged from $28 
to about $1,000,000. It is impossible in a short history to give 
details of them all, for there are several hundred. I can mention 
in detail only a few and show how they are connected with the 
buildings on the different campuses of the Baptist Children's Homes. 
So far as I can ascertain from the Children's Homes records, no 
building has been erected with any part of the money sent to the 
Homes by churches unless so specified. The buildings were all paid 
for by wills or bequests, and there is no doubt a story connected 
with each one. 

Since Mills Home is the oldest of our Children's Homes, I shall 
first discuss the wills and bequests that have gone to that Home for 
buildings since 1932. Later in this chapter I shall discuss the 
wills that have gone to the other Homes. 

The Green Cottage 
Dr. Kesler's Administration 

Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Green gave the money to build this 
building in 1924. Later in Dr. Greer's administration they gave 
cash in the amount of $7,103.10 as endowment to help keep the 
building in repair. Then at their death they left in their will the 
sum of $16,476.74 to be added to the above endowment. This 
came to the Home in 1938. 



The Huffman Cottage 

Dr. Greer's Administration 

Miss Elmore, Superintendent Mills Home 

This cottage is used for the oldest girls at Mills Home. During 
the administration of Dr. Kesler, a sum of money was left in the 
wills of Mr. Samuel Huffman and his wife, Martha Ann, of Mor- 
ganton, North Carolina. Dr. Kesler wanted to use it to build a home 
for the general manager, but the Huffman children understood 
that their father and mother had meant for it to be used to build a 
cottage for children. So H. S. Stokes of Winston-Salem settled 
the argument by proposing to build a home for the general man- 
ager in memory of his wife's father, Dr. H. A. Brown, an out- 
standing Baptist minister. Of course this was immediately accepted 
by the Board of Trustees. Then in 1940, the Huffman children 
added to their father's gift enough money to erect the Huffman 
Cottage. The plaque on the building reads: 



120 Love in Action 

To the Glory of God and the well being of His Children 

The Gift of Samuel and Martha Ann Huffman 

That our Daughters May Be as the Polished Corners of the 

Temple. 

In this way the Home got two buildings instead of one. When 
Fred Huffman died in 1963, we received from his will an in- 
surance policy of $5,152.40 to go into endowment to help keep 
this building in repair. 

The Wallburg Farm and Building 

Dr. Greer's Administration 

Miss Elmore, Superintendent Mills Home 

There is connected with the Wallburg property a good story. In 
its early days the Mills Home people would take a wagon over 
the rural areas surrounding Thomasville and collect produce to 
help feed the children. When they passed the home of C. M. 
Wall, his small son and other members of the family were dis- 
cussing what they could give. The young son suggested that there 
was a large pumpkin in the field just below the house that could 
make a lot of pies for the children at Mills Home. His father agreed 
for him to give the pumpkin, so he wrestled with it for some time 
and finally got it up to the road. When the wagon returned by 
the Wall home, the young son was out there to see that it was 
placed on the wagon. This gift inspired in him a concern and 
love for those at Mills Home, and thereafter he was ever giving 
something to help with their support. Later this same boy grew 
into manhood and finally inherited the farm where he was reared. 
Here he reared his family, and when he and his wife died, it was 
contained in his will that this farm, with the exception of a burial 
plot for him and his wife, should go to Mills Home. In 1943 his 
boys built a dwelling on the farm. This building, along with some 
additions, houses twelve boys and the houseparents. The farm it- 
self is cultivated under the supervision of the farm manager of 
the Homes. 

The Broyhill Food Locker Plant 

Dr. Wall's Administration 

Miss Elmore, Superintendent Mills Home 

On August 22, 1947, Dr. Greer was authorized by the Trus- 
tees to build a Frozen Food Locker Plant at Mills Home and a 
somewhat smaller one at Kennedy Home. As soon as funds were 
available, plans were drawn and contracts let, but they were 
actually built under Dr. Zeno Wall's administration, since Dr. 




Commercial Class, Mills Home High School 







Mills Home High School Band and director W. B. Lord. 




Library, Mills Home High School 



Coach C. A. Kearns (left) and Dr. I. G. Greer (right) posed for 
photos with the 1938 Mills Home football squad. Kearns was 
later to serve as superintendent of Mills Home. 





Coach H. P. Naylor and 
a Mills Home basketball 
team of the mid-1920's. 



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LtkjJ^fd \unjt.i,fk wliiu.kk-iii 



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Class of 1927 



Mills Home, Class of 1931 







WP* fJP 



Kennedy Home, Class of 1935 



Mills Home, Class of 1941 







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Kennedy Home, Class of 1950 



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Mills Home, Class of 1955 




Kennedy Home, Class of 1960 



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Mr* M mi 






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Mills Home, Class of 1966 



Mills Home Christmas, 1949 





Mills Home barn 




Vocational agricultural students from Mills Home High School 
usually exhibited stock in the Davidson County Fair. Preparing 
for the 1940 fair were (left to right) Garland Williams, Troy 
Crawford, Roy Bowers, Charlie Godwin, and Bill Sisk. 




Charles M. Carroll (left) and Franklin Bailey in 
Mills Home shoe shop, 1949. 



Faircloth Dining Hall, Mills Home, Early 1900's 





Original Charily and Children print shop 



Charity and Children Print Shop, 1930's 




Mills Home laun- 
dry boys — 1942. 




An alumni group attending an early 1940's homecoming at Mills Home were 
members of the Thomasville Baptist Orphanage family during the John Mills 
administration. 






Baptist Children's Homes trustees meeting in 1935 posed for photographs at 
the marker of the site of the hickory tree on the Mills Home campus under 
which the first annual meeting was held, August 5, 1885. 



A mid-fifties G. A. coronation at Mills Home Baptist Church featured (left to 
right) Thelma Hinson, Susie Jones, Nell Hoyle, Helen McGhee, Becky Jo 
Harris, Dixie Fincannon and Pat Harris. 



Jf * 





E. C. Wilkie, a Mills Home product, later served as pastor of the Kennedy 
Home Baptist Church. He is seen in this photograph administering the ordi- 
nance of baptism in the Kennedy Home pool. 




In 1926, the L. L. Allen family was 
the first to receive Mother's Aid from 
the Baptist Children's Homes. The 
family included Mrs. Allen (center), 
daughters (left to right) Lela, and 
Edna Ginn, and sons, W. Lawson and 
Leonard A. 



Boy Scouts, Mills Home, 1960's 



*flr W M> w 






1.J . /*« 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 111 

Greer resigned in 1948. The locker at Mills Home was financed 
by a number of people, but the Broyhill family of Lenoir gave the 
greater part of the money, so the building was named in their 
honor. A home for the plant manager was built about the same 
time by money from small, unspecified wills. 

The Idol Buildings at Mills Home 

Reed's Administration 
Kearns, Superintendent Mills Home 

Miss Lelia Mae Idol, a nurse, wrote her will in 1938. She 
left all her property to the Baptist Children's Homes. It was to be 
used in some way to memorialize her mother. In 1944 her brother, 
Robert M. Idol, wrote a will and specified that the two estates 
should be combined and used in the same way. He left almost all 
of his estate to the Children's Homes. He specified that a church 
should be built in memory of his mother, an infirmary in memory 
of his sister, another building where children could be taught to work, 
and enough in endowment to keep these buildings in good re- 
pair. When the wills were probated in 1949, Miss Lelia's estate 
was valued at $96,000 and Mr. Robert's at $586,127. The ma- 
jority of their holdings were in Reynolds and other stocks. For- 
tunately for the Home, the stock market was rising at that time; 
so by the time we got ready to use the money it was worth nearly 
one million dollars. We realized enough money from their estates 
to build the beautiful "Sarah Maston Idol Church," the "Lelia M. 
Idol Infirmary," the "Robert M. Idol Print Shop," and set aside 
$100,000 in endowment. We still had enough money from these 
combined requests to build a recreational area including an excel- 
lent recreational building. This building was named in honor of Dr. 
I. G. Greer, "The Greer Recreational Building." Mr. Idol had sug- 
gested to Dr. Greer that they name some building in his honor, 
but Dr. Greer never mentioned this until the Trustees decided to 
name it in his honor. Then he reluctantly told that part of the story. 

The story as told by Dr. Greer is about as follows: Dr. Greer 
had spoken in Winston-Salem one Sunday morning on the subject 
of the Children's Homes. The message was broadcast over radio, 
and Mr. Idol was one of the listeners. Later Mr. Idol called Dr. 
Greer on the telephone and said he liked what he said about the 
work at the Children's Homes. Then he asked Dr. Greer to visit 
him at his convenience. They discussed the work that they were 
undertaking for the children, and the result was that Mr. Idol 
wrote his will leaving the greater part of his estate to the Homes. 



122 Love in Action 

No doubt his close friend and one of the trustees, H. S. Stokes, 
also played a prominent part in helping Mr. Idol to decide how 
best to use his fortune that he had accumulated by hard work 
and careful investments. 

Mr. Idol had a provision in his will that enough money should 
be set aside to place fresh flowers on his mother's, his sister's, and 
his own grave once a week from April 1 to September 30 and on 
special occasions, such as Easter and birthdays. The First Na- 
tional Bank, which was the executor of the wills, offered to do 
this for the Homes for the income from 400 shares of Reynolds 
stocks. This amount was placed with this bank and the other en- 
dowment from these two estates was placed in their care also. The 
endowment has increased since it was placed with the bank and the 
upkeep of these buildings will never cost Baptists a single penny. 

The Little Cottage 

Reed's Administration 

Kearns, Superintendent Mills Home 

Dr. W. S. Little of Davie County left in his will in the early 
part of the century an amount of money that was used to build 
a combination sanctuary and school auditorium. It was attached to 
the old school building. Then when we sent our children up town 
to school and decided to put the new church plant where the 
old school building was located, of course the school plant including 
the auditorium-sanctuary building had to be razed. It was decided 
to memorialize Dr. Little by erecting a cottage for children. This is 
known as the "Little Cottage." A suitable plaque is placed on the 
front of the building. This building was erected by small, undesig- 
nated wills. 

The Culler Cottage 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

In 1945 Roy Culler, a member of the Board of Trustees 
and a prominent furniture manufacturer of High Point, announced 
to the Trustees that he was going to start a fund to build a cottage 
on the Mills Home campus in honor of Mrs. Culler and himself. 
At that time he made a substantial gift and planned to add to this 
each year until enough money would be available for the project. 
The cottage was built in 1959 at a cost of $81,633. Although Mr. 
Culler died before the cottage was finished, he still lives on in the 
lives of the largest boys at Mills Home. As they go out to make a 
better world, he will be a vital part of all they do. Since the building 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 123 

was finished, Mrs. Culler has given furniture, shrubs and flowers to 
be placed around it. It ranks among the best buildings on the 
Mills Home campus. 

The Spainhour Music Building 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

The J. E. Spainhours, wonderful people from North Wilkesboro, 
relatives of Mrs. Willie Greer, sent money each year to ultimately 
erect a building in their memory. When they passed away the total 
of their gifts for this purpose amounted to $17,000. In 1963 Dr. 
Wagoner was authorized to add to this sum certain undesignated 
wills to erect a home for the music family. The building was to 
contain rooms for piano practice and one room sufficiently large 
for choir practice. It is named the Spainhour Music Building in 
memory of the principal donors, and perhaps no building on the 
campus is used more or has greater meaning to the children than 
this one. 

Sadler Library Building at Mills Home 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

1965 

Mrs. J. Leland Sadler was born and reared in Hertford, North 
Carolina. Her early education was in the schools of her home county. 
From there she entered Meredith College and remained until she 
had earned an A.B. degree. Then she went to Georgia as a 
teacher. While teaching she met Mr. J. L. Sadler and they began a 
courtship that ultimately ended in marriage. 

Mr. Sadler was engaged in the distribution of Pure Oil products, 
and accumulated a small fortune. After his death, Mrs. Sadler 
came to Mills Home for a short visit. Dr. Wagoner personally took 
her through the church, the recreational building, one or two of 
the cottages, showed her the campus, and told her about the work 
in general. She insisted that she must move on and was soon on 
her way back to her home in Anderson, South Carolina. 

Two or three years later Dr. Wagoner was notified that she had 
died and left a will and that the Children's Home shared in the 
remainder interest. She had specified that one half of the remainder 
interest of the Sadler estate would go to her daughter, Mrs. C. A. 
Rankin of Conway, South Carolina, and the other half to the Bap- 
tist Children's Homes of North Carolina. This money was used to 
build and furnish the Sadler Library at a cost of $143,000. The bal- 



124 Love in Action 

ance of $10,000 was put in endowment, the income from which will be 
used to help keep the library building in good repair and to buy 
books as needed. 

One wonders why this good woman made this disposition of her 
property. Perhaps we will never know the full details, but the 
money for the first cottage that was ever erected at Mills Home, 
the Mitchell Cottage, came from Hertford, North Carolina, where 
she was born and reared. No doubt this fact had some influence 
on her decision to leave part of her estate to the Baptist Children's 
Homes of North Carolina. 

I shall never forget when this library was dedicated on May 11, 
1965. Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Rankin were present, and I do not 
believe I have ever seen two happier people. This attitude showed 
not only love for children in need, but also an unselfishness seldom 
found in people these days. 

The York Cottage 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

Never to be forgotten is the day in 1956 when W. M. York 
of Greensboro, who had served for several years as attorney for 
the Children's Homes, announced that he was retiring from the 
practice of law. He was that year being rotated off the Baptist 
Children's Homes Board of Trustees. In making the announcement 
he said that as a young man and member of the First Baptist Church 
of Greensboro he decided that he would faithfully tithe his income. 
Not only did he practice law, but he also had an interest in the 
Newman Machine Company. This prospered beyond all expecta- 
tions and soon he had a rather substantial income. He continued 
to give through his church very liberally, but also set up the "York 
Foundation." Part of his tithe he put in this foundation to be later 
used for some worthy cause. Now he said that he and his wife had 
talked the matter over and wanted to build a family style cottage at 
Mills Home. He immediately turned over to the administration 
$90,770. This cottage was to be built in memory of their small 
daughter, Dorothy Dalton York, who died in infancy. In doing this 
he stressed the fact that none of this money was his. It belonged 
to the Lord, for it had been accumulated out of his tithe. Later he 
added a few more thousand dollars to this initial gift to finish the 
building. Mr. York is again serving on the Board of Trustees and 
no one ever loved the work more than he and his wife. 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 125 

The Bright-Brown Cottage 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

In 1966 the Baptist Children's Homes received in excess of $40,000 
from the estate of the late Dr. James Henri Brown and his wife, 
Bernice Bright Brown of Raleigh. In her will, Mrs. Brown directed 
that the Homes construct a new cottage on the Mills Home campus 
at Thomasville. 

The Bright-Brown Cottage, a family style cottage for twelve boys 
and girls was completed in 1968. It is the fourth of its type to be 
built by the Children's Homes and the second on the Mills Home 
campus. The cottage has centrally located kitchen, dining, living, and 
playrooms with adequate space for houseparents and bedrooms for 
boys and girls. 

The Stokes Cottage 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

H. S. Stokes was a member of the Board of Trustees of the 
Children's Homes of North Carolina for a total of fourteen years. 
He gave the money to build the general suprintendent's house in 
memory of his wife's father, Dr. H. A. Brown. 

No man ever had greater love for this program of child care 
than did Mr. Stokes; so about a year ago his son, Colon, an of- 
ficial in the Reynolds Tobacco Company of Winston-Salem, de- 
cided to erect a family style cottage in memory of his father and 
in honor of his mother. The building was completed in 1970 at a 
cost of something more than $100,000. Twelve children are happily 
housed there now. Nothing but love for God and homeless children 
could bring forth such a noble gift. 

The Doyle McFarland Estate 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

1968-1970 

Shortly before Dr. I. G. Greer resigned as general superinten- 
dent, he called me one Saturday morning and asked me to fill an 
appointment for him. He had been struck with a bad case of 
laryngitis. He was to speak at the Jonesboro Heights Baptist 
Church, just on the outskirts of Sanford, at a homecoming on Sun- 



126 Love in Action 

day. When I arrived and told the pastor that Dr. Greer was ill and 
could not possibly keep the engagement and had sent me to 
substitute for him, I do not believe I have ever seen any man so 
disappointed. This was the first time I had met the pastor, and of 
course we both knew I could not fill the place of Dr. Greer — no 
one could do that. Mr. and Mrs. McFarland were members of that 
church, and so far as I know this was the first time I had ever met 
them. I returned to that church many times thereafter. 

A few years later I had a letter from the Reverend Roy Morris, 
pastor of the East Sanford Baptist Church, my roommate at Wake 
Forest, and a close friend of the McFarlands, stating that I should 
contact Mr. McFarland. He gave us a $5,000 check for our educa- 
tional fund. Mr. Morris informed me that they had no chil- 
dren and that they had a great interest in the Baptist Children's 
Homes. Thereafter I visited them a number of times. 

During this time his wife died, and Mr. McFarland wrote his 
last will in 1957. When he died in 1968 the Children's Homes re- 
ceived a copy of his will and we found that he had left one-half 
the residue of his estate to Elon Orphanage and one-half to the 
Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina. All claims are now 
settled and we have received $902,420 and our treasurer in- 
forms me that we will receive more in the future. The total will bene- 
fit the Homes about $1,000,000. 

What caused this outstanding businessman to leave his fortune 
to care for homeless children? Perhaps no one knows, but several 
factors must have entered into this decision. They had no children 
and he had great interest in children and young people. Then as a 
lad growing up into manhood he had to undergo a great deal of 
hardship. But without a doubt Mr. Roy Morris played a con- 
siderable part in creating in Mr. McFarland a great interest in 
the work of our Children's Homes. He will be memorialized by 
the McFarland General Administration Building which is now un- 
der construction. Perhaps most of this great gift will go to the en- 
dowment fund to help support the work of child care, as it expands 
in the future. 

The Craver Cottage at Mills Home 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Sparrow, Superintendent Mills Home 

1968 

Mr. Craver, a bachelor who lived in the community near where 
Dr. Wagoner was reared, died in 1966. He was a rather wealthy 
man who had accumulated his fortune by hard work and careful 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 111 

investments. He seldom attended any church, but when he passed 
away and the will was probated it was found that he had made 
bequests to several relatives, eleemosynary institutions, and the Baptist 
Children's Homes. The latter received in excess of $750,000. A 
cottage has been erected and named in his memory and the remainder 
of the estate has been placed in endowment to help care for children 
during the coming centuries. 

During his lifetime he had been visited by Dr. Greer and Dr. 
Wagoner. He always expressed concern for the well-being of the 
children. Perhaps the fact that the president of the Homes, Dr. Wago- 
ner, was from the same general neighborhood had much to do with 
his decision to leave this gift to the Homes. 

Kennedy Home Building 

1932-1969 

Mozelle Pollock 

Dr. Greer's Administration 

Joseph Hough, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

This building was made possible by Dr. B. W. Spilman and is 
discussed in detail in the Chapter entitled, "Dr. Greer's Administra- 
tion." 

Canady Building 1936 

Dr. Greer's Administration 

Joseph Hough, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

This building was made possible by Mr. J. H. Canady and is 
fully discussed in the Chapter entitled, "Dr. Greer's Administration." 

Columbus-Cannon Building 

Dr. Wall's Administration 

Reed, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

While I was at Kennedy Home, some pastors from the Columbus 
Association approached me about their association raising money 
to erect a cottage at Kennedy Home. Of course both Dr. Greer 
and I were pleased with the suggestion. After a three year period 
they had raised a little more than forty thousand dollars. We 
combined this with an estate left to the Homes by Mrs. Florence 
Cannon of Atlanta, Georgia, in the amount of $32,282. The total 
cost of the building was $81,000. The balance of nearly $9,000 
was taken from undesignated wills. This building was completed in 
1950. 

Mrs. Cannon's statement in her will is quite interesting. She did 



128 Love in Action 

not know the name of our organization, so she stated in the will 
that she had visited many times with friends in Lilesville, North 
Carolina, and they gave regularly to a Home that cared for de- 
pendent children. She said that she wanted her entire estate to 
go to that same Home. Since her friends were loyal Baptists and 
gave regularly to the Baptist Children's Homes, there was no ques- 
tion about the interpretation of the will. 

The Kennedy Home Church Building 

Dr. Greer's Administration 

Reed, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

This beautiful and commodious building was made possible by 
wills left by Miss Augustine Parker of Bertie County and Mrs. 
Corine Parker of Vance County (no relation) . Miss Augustine's will 
was drawn in 1952. She left the income from a small portion of her 
estate to her sister during her lifetime, and then this portion was 
to revert to the three institutions mentioned in the will. The sister 
died before the will was settled, so her part was sold and divided 
just as the will specified. The entire estate was to be divided into 
three equal parts. One part was to come to the Baptist Children's 
Homes of North Carolina; a second part was to go to the Salvation 
Army; and the third part was to go to Boy's Town, the Catholic 
home for boys in Nebraska. Each of the other organizations asked 
the Baptists of North Carolina to handle the entire estate and send 
them their pro rata shares. The estate was settled in 1954 and 
each of the organizations received a total of $87,438.03. Miss 
Parker was a Baptist and a highly cultured and educated music 
teacher. She studied both in this country and abroad. One of her 
neighbors told me the following story as we tried to reason why it 
was so divided: she was very faithful to her church until one 
Sunday some minister preached a sermon against the Catho^- 
lic Church. She never attended church again. She had no inclina- 
tion to any other church than the Baptist, but she did not believe 
any minister had a right to criticize any other denomination. She 
believed in complete freedom of religion. Hence, she decided to 
leave her estate as above specified rather than leaving it all to the 
Baptists. Whether this circumstance really played a part in her de- 
cision we will never know. 

Mrs. Corine Parker of Vance County drew her will in 1919. She 
left some farming land to the Children's Homes and offered to 
give her home place provided Baptists would build a Home for 
dependent children there. This last offer was not considered wise 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 129 

by the Trustees so it was rejected. In 1950 we received a total of 
$15,000 from her estate. This was combined with Miss Augus- 
tine's share of her estate that she left to the Baptist Homes and the 
beautiful church building was erected in their memory. Of course 
the bronze plaque carries both names. 

The Pastorium at Kennedy Home 

Reed's Administration 
Smith, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

The pastorium at Kennedy Home was erected in 1956 with 
money that came to us from two wills. In 1938 Miss Sallie Barker 
of Hertford, North Carolina, wrote a will leaving to the Children's 
Homes the residue of her estate. In 1954 we received $7,212.47. 
This was combined with the Mrs. Varina Cheshire estate of Eden- 
ton. Mrs. Cheshire left a remainder interest in her estate to the 
Children's Homes. For two years prior to her death, Mr. and Mrs. 
Holman lived in her home, looked after her, and cared for her 
every need. She wanted to make some changes in her will to repay 
them for their services, but the doctors advised against it. They 
said that with her mind as it was a will would be worthless. So after 
her death some of our friends wrote us about the case. Dr. Greer, 
chairman of the Board, Mr. Riman Muth, Treasurer, Mr. Ingram 
Hedgepeth, our attorney, Mr. W. A. Smith of Kennedy Home, 
and I made a trip to Edenton to see what arrangements we could 
make to satisfy, if possible, all concerned. Under the agreement we 
gave the Holmans $3,500 to put the old Cheshire house in good 
condition and signed a contract with them allowing them to occupy 
the old home as long as either of them lives. They are to pay all 
taxes, insurance, and keep the home in good repair. At their death, 
it will come to the Children's Homes. We received from the re- 
mainder of the estate $22,971.26. This combined with the 
Barker's $7,212.26 was sufficient to build and equip the pastorium. 
Every pastor at Kennedy Home since then has been very proud to 
call this "home." 

The Mary V. Jones Swimming Pool 

Reed's Administration 
Smith, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

Miss Mary V. Jones of Winston-Salem made her will in 1948. 
She left the residue of her estate to be divided among five child 
caring institutions — the Odd Fellows Orphanage of Goldsboro; the 
Children's Home (Methodist) of Winston-Salem; the Moravian 
Orphanage; the Bethel Orphanage of Alaska; and the Baptist Chil- 



130 Love in Action 

dren's Homes of North Carolina. She died in 1952 and each of the 
organizations received $26,451.77. The Baptists used their share 
of the money to build a beautiful swimming pool at Kennedy Home. 
Perhaps the children at Kennedy Home get more joy from this 
than any other facility at the Home. It does more to help adjust 
homesick children than anything else we possess. A bronze plaque 
identifies its donor. 

The Bunker Cottage 

Reed's Administration 

Smith, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

Mr. C. W. Bunker of Mt. Airy was a grandson of one of the 
original Siamese Twins. When they came from Siam to America they 
took the name of Bunker, married sisters, and settled near Mt. 
Airy. As is well known they became rather wealthy and each had 
a large family. The father of Chris, a grandson of one of the 
original twins, inherited a large tract of land. It seems that Chris 
was an only child, and so this land was left with the pro- 
vision that if Chris should die without children of his own the 
land would come to the Baptist Children's Homes. This home- 
place was known as the Haystack Farm. It was so named by 
Daniel Boone, according to Chris, because Daniel Boone in his 
wanderings from east to west stopped here in the spring and in the 
fall. While camping here he put up enough hay from the rich river 
bottom to care for his stock. The farm also had a good boundary 
of timber. 

Chris, the grandson of one of the twins, became ill and had to go 
to Duke Hospital for surgery. There the doctors told him that he 
must give up all farming, so he called me one day and said he 
would like to sell his interest in the farm. The doctors at Duke 
assured him that he would never have a child. Now he wanted to 
sell his interest and build a home nearer some town where he could 
get out and visit with friends more, and more easily get his groceries. 
He built a house near a community store and has lived in it for 
more than twenty years. He and Mrs. Bunker are very happy with 
all our dealings. 

When I asked him on my first visit what price he would consider 
fair for his share, he said that he thought he should have at least 
$15,000. When a committee from our Board of Trustees con- 
sulted a real estate dealer, he said he could sell it for at least 
$45,000. The Superior Court, which was then in session at Mt. 
Airy, said considering his age and that of his wife the estate should 
be divided 50-50, so we offered him $22,500. He readily accepted. 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 131 

We sold the farm for $67,000. Later we bought property in Mt. 
Airy from Mr. Bunker in which he had a life estate. This was sold 
at a considerable profit. The two sums were combined to build 
the Bunker Cottage. Mr. Chris attended the dedication of the cot- 
tage at Kennedy Home. He was a very happy man as he viewed 
this beautiful cottage and realized that, since he could have no chil- 
dren of his own, he could for years to come have a part in 
helping others to grow into good citizens. We later received an 
additional $35,350 from this will. This is in the endowment and 
now Mr. Chris will help to support homeless children as long as 
Baptists continue this great work. 

The Frozen Food Locker Plant 

Dr. Wall's Administration 

Reed, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

Soon after the Frozen Food Locker Plant at Mills Home was 
finished, we combined a number of undesignated wills and built 
a similar plant at Kennedy Home, but somewhat smaller. It was 
named the "Brogden Building" in honor of Mr. E. W. Brogden, 
who spent the greater part of his life at Kennedy Home working 
with and for the children. 

The Workman Building 

Reed's Administration 

Smith, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

A few years after the Frozen Food Locker Plant was finished 
at Kennedy Home, we came into possession of the George C. 
Workman estate near Lexington. Mr. Workman was a farmer who 
lived in Davidson County. He never married. The estate was sold 
for enough money to build a comfortable building for the manager 
of the Food Plant. Willie Walker, who was then manager of the 
Brogden Building, moved into this house. He still lives there. It is 
one of the most liveable houses on the campus. 

The Ferebee Cottage 

Reed's Administration 

Smith, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

In 1957 I received a letter from the Reverend A. C. McCall, 
pastor of Sawyer's Creek Baptist Church. He stated that one of 
his members, Mr. H. C. Ferebee of Camden, North Carolina, 
would like to meet me in the Elizabeth City Hotel some time be- 



132 Love in Action 

fore Christmas. I immediately wrote Mr. Ferebee and we agreed 
upon a date for the meeting. We met in the hotel and had lunch 
together. He was a prominent farmer of that community and in- 
formed me that he and his family would like to build a cottage at 
Kennedy Home as soon as funds could be provided. Then he said he 
would give $10,000 before Christmas and $5,000 each year there- 
after until enough funds were available to erect the building. I sug- 
gested that perhaps he would like to give the second $5,000 early 
in 1958 and let us lend him the remainder from our endowment 
and make notes for $5,000 per year with the same rate of interest 
we were getting from our endowment funds. This appealed to him. 
In this way he would be able to see the children living in the 
Ferebee cottage. Notes as agreed were drawn and the building 
was finished and dedicated in 1959. He and his entire family at- 
tended the dedication and all were greatly pleased that they had 
provided the cottage for this worthy cause. The plaque carries 
the names of Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Ferebee, Mrs. Mary F. Wynn, 
Henry Clay III, and Edwin. The notes are now paid in full. I at- 
tended Mr. Ferebee's funeral in 1968 and his daughter, Mrs. 
Wynn, said she was the last one to bring him to Kennedy Home 
to see the building and the children who were living there. He was 
extremely happy to see how beautifully they were developing. Their 
gift has made possible the training of a host of children. All mem- 
bers of this fine family will live on in the lives of hundreds of 
children. 

The Williams Cottage 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Williams, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

While I was superintendent at Kennedy Home the Reverend 
Charles Howard conducted a revival meeting at the Baptist Church 
of Stantonsburg. As he returned to his home at Buies Creek he 
stopped by Kennedy Home for a short visit with us. While he was 
here he informed me that Mrs. Lanie Williams would like for me 
to visit her in her home at Stantonsburg. I immediately called her, 
and Mrs. Reed and I visited her at the time agreed upon. She 
said that she and her late husband, Mr. Alex Williams, had 
talked very much about a will, but never had it drawn and now he 
had passed on. They had no children, but as she said they had 
worked very hard and now owned a valuable farm. She said she 
wished to draw a will and leave the farm to Kennedy Home to erect 
a building for children in honor of her husband and herself. Then 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 133 

we visited her attorney in Stantonsburg and he drew the will ac- 
cording to her wishes. Her house was left to her sister, certain 
moneys and other valuables were left to other relatives, and the 
farm was left to the Baptist Children's Homes. In 1968 this farm 
was sold for a total of $105,000. This money was used the same 
year to build a family type cottage where brothers and sisters live 
together. The children adjust much better when whole families can 
live in the same cottage. Although Mr. and Mrs. Williams had no 
children of their own, they have made it possible for hundreds of 
children to have a better future. 

The Bryant Cottage 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Williams, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

This cottage is exactly like the Williams Cottage and was built 
by the same builders at the same time, in 1968. I wish that every 
Baptist in the state could visit one of these cottages. The children 
appear to be well adjusted. 

The late Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Bryant of Aberdeen made their 
will and specified that their estate should be equally divided between 
Mills Home at Thomasville and Kennedy Home near Kinston. The 
Trustees authorized the erection of a family-style cottage on the 
Kennedy Home Campus to serve children in a home-like atmosphere. 
Now Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Bryant live not only in their celestial home, 
but in the lives of the boys and girls who are growing up into stable 
adults because someone cared enough to make this building possible. 
Incidentally, only twelve children and their house-parents live in the 
cottage. It is very much like a large family. It was my privilege to visit 
Mrs Bryant almong with her pastor sometime after her husband died. 
She was not at all well at the time, but happy to know that a con- 
siderable part of their estate would go to enrich the lives of neglected 
children. 

Two Staff Residences 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Williams, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

The staff residences were erected at the same time that the two 
family type cottages were built in 1968. They were built with 
money mat had come to us through a will by Miss Lillian A. 
Williams of Wilson. From this will we received $36,009. Enough 
undesignated funds were added to complete the two buildings. 



134 Love in Action 

The Dairy Barn 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Williams, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

For several years all milk was produced at Mills Home and sold in 
sufficient quantities to buy back pasteurized milk for all our children 
in each Home. All beef and pork was grown at Kennedy Home. 
This continued until 1968 when the milking barn at Mills Home was 
condemned. Since feed for cows can be grown more economically at 
Kennedy Home than at Mills Home, it was decided in 1968 to build a 
new dairy barn at Kennedy Home and produce all milk at this Home. 
About $50,000 worth of timber was sold off the Kennedy Home farm 
and enough money from undesignated wills was added to this sum to 
erect and equip one of the most modern dairies in the South. Now all 
milk is produced at Kennedy Home and sold on the market. Pas- 
teurized milk is bought back on competitive bids for all the Homes. 
This plan seems to be working well. They are now milking about 100 
cows. The swine and much of the beef continues to be grown at 
Kennedy Home. 

W. H. Jones Infirmary 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Williams, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

Mrs. Lula B. Jones grew up at Kennedy Home and at Mills Home. 
She and her husband, the late W. H. Jones of Kinston, have been very 
generous to the Children's Homes through the years. Mr. Jones, a 
businessman and tobacco farmer, was as much interested in the work 
as Mrs. Jones. They contributed the chimes to the church at Kennedy 
Home. He and Mrs. Jones planned to build an infirmary at Kennedy 
Home. Forty thousand dollars of his estate was designated for this 
building. The building was completed at a cost of $60,388.99, the 
balance coming from undesignated wills. Normal capacity will be 
eight children, with provision for extra beds in time of epidemic or 
emergency. A two-bedroom apartment makes it possible for the nurse 
to be on hand at all times. The Joneses, through their generosity, will 
always have a part in the health of the children at Kennedy Home. 

The Robinson Recreation Center 

Dr. Wagoner's Administration 

Williams, Superintendent Kennedy Home 

The late Mr. and Mrs. C. I. Robinson of Sampson County, life- 
long friends of the Baptist Children's Homes of North Carolina, 
planned for the residue of their estates to go to the homes at their 
decease. This provided approximately $90,000 to be used in the 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 135 

construction of the C. I. Robinson Recreation Center on the Kennedy 
Home campus. 

Pembroke Children's Home 

Odum Home 
Dr. Wagoner's Administration 
The Reverend Chesley Hammond, Superintendent Odum Home 

The Odum Cottage at Pembroke was built for Indian children. It 
houses twelve boys and twelve girls in separate wings. Each wing is 
provided with living quarters for houseparents. The entire building is 
under one roof. It was built by combining the Garwood estate, the 
Montgomery estate, and a large number of undesignated wills at a cost 
of over $135,000. It is our most expensive and one of our finest build- 
ings for the occupancy of children. This is because the entire program 
at Pembroke is promoted from this one building. It was named in 
memory of Mr. and Mrs. Erastus W. Odum who in 1914 gave to the 
Robeson Baptist Association a tract of land near the town of 
Pembroke for the "Betterment of Indian Children." 

This survey brings us to a grand total of around $4,000,000 from 
wills and bequests to be used for the erection of new buildings, play- 
grounds, and swimming pools. The gifts were given by thirty different 
people and range from $7,000 to $1,000,000, with an average of 
$133,333 per bequest. 

Numerous other people have left bequests ranging from a few 
dollars to $36,000 not specified in connection with buildings. I wish it 
were possible to write the story of each donor, for many gave all they 
had and thereby showed their great love for children in need. Without 
their bequests, many of the buildings at the Children's Homes could 
not have been built. The following alphabetical list supplies the names 
of these donors and, when known, their place of residence and the date 
of receipt of their bequest: 

Abernethy, Frank — St. Augustine, Florida 

Adams, Tilman — Vilas, 1957 

Albertson, Louise F. — Guilford County 

Albright, Mrs. Emma A. Graham, 1946 

Algood, C— Yadkinville, 1932 

Allen, Mrs. B. S.— Warrenton, 1939 

Allen, Johnnie (an alumnus and pitcher for the New York Giants), 

1962. 
Anderson, Albert — Sylva, 1965 

Angle, Mary Burnette — (to be received after sister's death) 
Aydlett, Nina Y. — Moyock (reverts to us after relatives' death) 
Barker, J. S.— Wake County, 1 940 



136 Love in Action 

Bamhill, Mrs. Etta — Bladen County 

Bass, William P. — New Hanover County, 1960 

Battle, John Thomas — Johnson County, 1942 

Blanton, Mrs. Nancy — Marion 

Bolton, J. T. — Northampton County, 1945 

Bolen, R. C. 

Bond, Elizabeth E., 1942 

Brewer, Mrs. S. A. — North Wilkesboro, 1942 

Bridger, Henry C. — Bladenboro, 1939 

Bridges, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. — Madison County, 1944 

Brown, Mrs. A. J. — Durham, 1941 

Brown, Alice Loftin — Warsaw, 1939 

Brown, Mrs. Bernice — Raleigh, 1953 

Brown, Mrs. Sue Ella — Winston-Salem, 1955 

Bundy, Mrs. Martha Sessoms — Cabarrus County, 1938 

Carroll, Delia G.— Raleigh, 1967 

Carter, W. L. — Greensboro — Trust fund in perpetuity. 

Chester, Mrs. Mary C. — Lenoir 

Clodfelter — Forsyth County, 1964 

Coleman, Miss Willa Phelps — Warrenton, 1966 

Constance, C. Hardee — Madison County, Florida, 1964 

Cox, Mrs. Sarah B.— Tabor City, 1954 

Daugherty, Mrs. Percy York — To revert to Baptist Children's Homes 

Davis, Isaiah T. (alumnus of Mills Home), St. Petersburg, Florida, 

1958 
Dean, Miss Annie — Rockingham 
Delancy, Elizabeth — Guilford County 
Elliott, James E. — Thomasville, 1942 
English, Nereus C. — Thomasville 
Eure, Judith R. — Washington, 1964 
Eury, Mary Polly — Albemarle 
Falls, George Sanderlin — Gaston County, 1967 
Featherston, H. Cam. — Asheville, 1946 
Ferguson, Anne — Concord, 1946 
Ferguson, F. C. — Rocky Mount, 1937 
Finch, Harry Brown, 1959 
Finch, Thomas A., Sr., 1943 
Fletcher, J. R. — Winston-Salem, 1936 
Fox, R. L. — Wilmington, 1945 
Furr, J. W. — Cabarrus County, 1942 
Gaddy, C. W.— Stanly County, 1968 
Gappines, Mrs. Coy — Columbus County, 1959 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 137 

Glascoe, O. G.— Shelby, 1943 

Green, Mrs. Julia — Greensboro, 1936 

Greene, J. P. and Wife— Mocksville, 1938 

Griffin, J. R.— Edenton, 1962 

Griffin, W. H.— Pittsboro, 1962 

Grogan, Soloman and Wife — Watauga County, 1949 

Gupton, Cornie C. — Guilford County, 1967 

Hagaman, Mrs. J. P. — Trust fund with income in perpetuity. 

Hall, Miss Annie (former employee), 1944 

Hamby, P. L. — Watauga County, 1937 

Hampton, Miss Laura — Forsyth County, 1957 

Hanes, Mrs. Martha, 1950 

Harris, Addie Roe — Pittsboro, 1956 

Hartsell, Mrs. Eliza — Union County, 1932 

Hayes, MelvinHill — Wise, 1950 

Haynes, E. I. — Lumberton, 1941 

Hayworth, Mrs. Minnie Esther — Davidson County, 1965 

Herring, James T. — Clinton, 1960 

Herring, Miss Nonie O. — Kinston, 1968 

Higgins, John Arthur — Davidson County, 1963 

Hines, E. N.— Forsyth County, 1953 

Hoffman, Mrs. Ida Mae — Monroe, 1947 

Hofler, Sallie A.— Gates County, 1943 

Holden, L. B. — Davidson County 

Holt, Jesse — Burlington, 1963 

Holtzclaw, Mrs. Carrie — Haywood County 

Home, F. R.— Fairmont, 1959 

Horner, Thomas G. 

Horton, Daisy C. — South Carolina, 1963 

Horton, Obediah C. 

Hudson, Jonah L. — Stanly County, 1952 

Hudson, T. A. — Durham, 1952 

Huffman, Fred — Morganton, 1963 

Humphrv. D. B.— Lumberton, 1942 

Hunter, Willie N.— Hickory, 1962 

Huntley, Mrs. Altha D. — Monroe, 1947 

Hurdle, Susan A. — Edgecombe County, 1938 

Ingle, Mrs. Lillie — Buncombe County, 1944 

Jefferson, Mrs. J. H., 1950 

Johnson, Amelia — Sanford, 1937 

Jones, Pattie M. — Tyner, 1936 

Jones, W. T. — Spokane, Washington, 1941 



138 Love in Action 

Keith, B. F.— Wilmington, 1933 

Kirksey, W. L. — Morganton, 1937 

Lashley, T. R.— Apex, 1956 

Lawrence, E. H. — Durham, 1954 

Lawrence, Nellie B. — Pitt County, 1954 

Leary, Miss Sarah Katherine 

Lefevers, Mrs. Minton and two sisters 

Lewis, Clara B., 1959 

Little, Naomi — Taylorsville, 1952 

Love, W. T.— Elizabeth City, 1947 

Ludford, Enoch— Plymouth, 1933 

Lufty Baptist Church — Smokemont, 1939 

McAbee — Buncombe County, 1937 

Mcintosh, W. A., 1950 

McNeil, Albert S. — 'North Wilkesboro 

McNeil, Arch — Scotland Neck, 1956 

Majette, Bettie S. — Hertford County, 1963 

Marshburn, A. J. — Pender County, 1952 

Martin, Elizabeth Greer — Johnson County, Tennessee, 1956 

Martin, W. C— Davie County, 1939 

Merritt, Addie Mae — Person County, 1960 

Merritt, Mrs. E. L. — Wake County, 1946 

Miller, Charles — Buncombe County, 1957 

Miller, J. R. — Fairmont, 1947 

Mitchell, Dr. Wayland — Louisburg, 1952 

Montgomery, Addie V. — Burlington, 1959 

Moore, Mrs. Charles T. — Scotland Neck, 1936 

Moore, R. H. — McDowell County, 1942 

Moore, Mrs. S. E.— McDowell County, 1934 

Morgan, J. C. — Henderson County, 1944 

Morgan, Mrs. W. T. — Charlotte, 1944 

Mosely, Mrs. Sarah G. — Warrenton, 1960 

Murphy, W. D.— Iredell County, 1933 

Myrick, Julia Williams — Worthville, 1953 

Nicholson, Emma — Winston-Salem, 1962 

Nixon, Emma R. — Hendersonville, 1962 

Norman, Mrs. Claude — Edenton, 1955 

Norwood, Loula C. — Wake County, 1953 

O'Neal, Alda Tew— Guilford County, 1952 

Owenby, R. L. — Macon County, 1959 

Page, Mollie B. — Yanceyville, 1943 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 139 

Pennington, Henry A. — Chatham County. (Farm left to Homes after 
his death) 

Penny, W. S. — Raleigh. (Trust fund income to be sent to Homes 
every six months ) 

Perry, W. M. — Youngsville, 1957 

Peters, T. F. — Wilson 

Pickler, Mrs. Mary Jane — Rowan County, 1944 

Pitt, Ada E.— Guilford County, 1937 

Pope, Martin E. — Halifax County, 1944 

Powell, Mrs. C. C— Wilson, 1944 

Powers, Margaret Water — Craven County, 1957 

Pritchard, James T. — Buncombe County, 1956 

Reichard, Miss Sue Powell, 1934 

Reid, Ruby— Drexel, 1955 

Reynolds, Mrs. Elizabeth Parker — Albemarle, 1957 

Richmond, Wood (Richmond Memorial Fund. We receive one-third 
of interest each year in perpetuity. ) 

Rogers, Mrs. Foy Peele — Bryson City, 1950 

Rose, Stephen W. — Norlina, 1955 

Sandling, Miss Dora — Franklinton, 1946 

Sandoe, Molly F. — Forsyth County, 1948 

Scarborough, Miss Cora Mia — Greensboro (Trust fund in perpetuity) 

Scarborough, Mary Alma — Wilmington, 1940 

Schaub, Alice C— Apex, 1950 

Schilling, Eugene — Wake County, 1935 

Scott, Laura — Forsyth County. (Certain properties to come to Bap- 
tist Children's Homes after her death. ) 

Seamon, Annie Yates, 1938 

Shackleford, M. Vance — Surry County. (One-half remainder interest 
after wife's death.) 

Sherman, Samuel — Yadkin County, 1946 

Shields, Charlie— Scotland Neck, 1948 

Smith, Jane — Greensboro, 1948 

Smith wick, Laura Gladys — Lexington, 1966 

Spikes, Dr. Norman Q. — Durham, 1953 

Spivey, Mrs. Mary H. — Randolph County, 1956 

Spruill, Sadie Short— Wake County, 1943 

Stone, Adolph E.— Wake County, 1961 

Surles, Mary C. — Robeson County, 1941 

Suther, Edna S. — Iredell County, 1962 

Swain, Eva S.— Yadkin County, 1968 



140 Love in Action 

Swift, Lee — Watauga County 

Talbert, Sallie Eagles — Edgecombe County, 1945 

Tarlton, A. D.— Wadesboro, 1943 

Teal, W. D.— Wadesboro, 1943 

Thomas, William A., 1949 

Thompson, D. C. — Bladen County, 1954 

Thompson, John D. — Mount Airy, 1954 

Thompson, William E. — Hoke County, 1960 

Tillie, Clarence — Durham County, 1965 

Todd, Mrs. Annie Brunes — Mecklenburg County, 1944 

Tower, James L. — Raleigh, 1945 

Townsend, Carrie Lee — Hoke County, 1967 

Turner, R. L. — Tallahassee, Florida. (Comes to Homes after his 

death.) 
Tuttle, J. Walter— Wallburg, 1948 
Tyson, Ben M. — Lilesville, 1952 
United Furniture Company, Lexington. (To honor the Hon. Cloyd 

Philpott.) 
Utley, W. F.— Wake County, 1936 
Valentine, James H. — Harrellsville, 1947 
Warren, W. M.— Bailey, 1954 
Washburn, Fred R. — Cleveland County, 1961 
Washburn, Ida Dixon — Cleveland County, 1959 
Watkins, Henry A. — Forsyth County. (Trust fund in perpetuity.) 
Weeks, Mrs. Hattie 
Wheeler, J. A. — Rowan County. (Trust fund to be paid annually in 

perpetuity. ) 
Whittaker, E. B. — Bryson City 
Whitted, Levi R. — Buncombe County, 1961 
Wiggs, Nora — Wake County, 1942 
Williams, Randall — Sampson County, 1960 
Williams, Walter M.— Burlington, 1959 
Williams, Willie O. — Durham County, 1961 
Williamson, Emory D. — Columbus County, 1941 
Wilson, Ari Snider — Watauga County, 1955 
Wilson, Carrie M. — Greenville, South Carolina, 1946 
Wilson, Fred C. — Lexington, 1956 
Wilson, Kate — Portsmouth, Virginia, 1939 
Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Quince E. — Newton, 1953 
Wilson, Z. M.— Lenoir, 1940 
Woodhouse, P. C— Yadkin County, 1932 
Wooten, George R. — Hickory, 1951 



Love in Action: Wills, Bequests, Buildings 141 

Wrafe, Claril. — Rockingham, 1961 
Wray, Bertie C. — South Carolina, 1938 
Wright, Mrs. Estelle P. — Elizabeth City, 1967 
Wyatt, Mollie B.— Wake County, 1938 
Yates, Alvis M. — Lenoir, 1950 

The amount not designated for the construction of buildings totals 
more than $1,870,000. There have been two hundred such wills, 
and many have been written that will come to us later. These various 
wills have ranged from $28.00 to $50,000. The average is $5,435. 



Chapter VIII 
THE CHILDREN: CHURCH, SCHOOL, AND COTTAGE LIFE* 

The Meaning of the Church to the Children 

The churches of North Carolina have supported the Children's 
Homes since their beginning. Therefore, it is expected that the church 
will play a large part in the life of every child and every employee 
at the Homes. Each of the administrations of our Homes has been 
composed of deeply spiritual men and women. They have had great 
faith in God's power to heal broken hearts and broken lives. Many 
of the children who live at the Homes had never had any connection 
with the church or any of its programs. Perhaps our pastors have 
done more to dispel the gloom and bring harmony into the lives of 
the children than any others connected with the work. Most of the 
children accept Christ as Savior before they have lived in any one of 
our Homes very many months. 

When John Mills founded Mills Home, the first thing he did was 
to begin religious services. Dr. Spilman says that the Lee Chapel, 
given by a grandmother in memory of her grandson, was among the 
first of the buildings erected. He further says that the chapel was used 
constantly. In the early days the superintendent or a nearby pastor 
conducted the services. The children of the Homes never spent a 
Sunday on the campus without having a chance to attend a religious 
service. In addition, Bible reading and prayers have been a daily 
habit in almost every cottage since the beginning of the work. 

In July 1895, a note appears in Charity and Children saying that 
thirty-four children, one teacher, and eight officials had joined the 
church that year. 

During the past several years both Mills Home and Kennedy Home 
have had full-time pastors. The late Dr. Norfleet Gardner served 
Mills Home Church, along with other duties, for a number of years. 
In 1929 he resigned to accept the pastorate of the First Baptist 
Church of Dunn. Then the Reverend John Arch McMillan came 
to Mills Home as pastor of the church and assistant editor of 
Charity and Children. He served well in both positions until editor 
Johnson died and Mr. McMillan was selected as editor of Charity 
and Children on a full-time basis. 

The general superintendent in his annual report to the Board of 

* The sections on School and Cottage Life in this chapter were written by Mrs. W. C. Reed. 



The Children: Church, School, and Cottage Life 143 

Trustees in 1934 says, "For the first time the Mills Home Church 
has a full-time pastor, the Reverend J. A. Neilson." The church 
made excellent progress under Mr. Neilson's able leadership until he 
resigned in 1946 to accept the call to the Immanuel Baptist Church 
in Greenville, North Carolina, where he remained until his death 
several years later. During Mr. Neilson's ministry at Mills Home 
the church moved forward in every phase of its work. His last written 
report was for 1944, the end of his ten years as pastor. The report 
says that he baptized 502 into the fellowship of the church. Gifts 
through the Cooperative Program increased 71 percent, direct gifts 
and other benevolences increased 56 percent, and gifts to local ex- 
penses 35 percent. The report goes on to say that 60 percent of 
all gifts during that ten year period went to outside causes while 
40 percent was used for local expenses. a 

Other pastors who have served full-time at Mills Home are the 
Reverend J. O. Walton; the Reverend Isaac Terrell; the Reverend 
Roger Williams; and the present pastor, the Reverend James 
Lambert. All these men have been seminary graduates and have 
served with distinction and dedication. Through all these years the 
church has had a marvelous influence on the children and the em- 
ployees. It is interesting to note that all those who have served full- 
time and are still living are still working in some capacity with the 
Homes, except Mr. Walton who has retired. 

While this author was serving as general superintendent, he sat 
in the pew and observed a drama never to be forgotten. A junior 
boy, whose early experiences are too bad to put in print, sat just 
in front of me. His attention was fastened upon the pastor every 
second during the sermon, and when the invitation was given for 
those who would come forward and accept Christ, this boy without 
a second's hesitancy moved forward and said, "Pastor, I want to 
give Jesus all that I am." A few weeks later the pastor asked if 
some junior boy would volunteer to lead the prayer. This twelve- 
year old lad raised his hand and I do not recall ever hearing a more 
sincere and meaningful prayer than his. His father was later tried 
for murder and this boy was called as a witness. The prosecuting 
attorney said to the lad, "Young man, do you think you can tell the 
truth when your father is being tried for his life?" The lad replied, 
"Yes, I cannot do otherwise. I am now a Christian and I just must 
tell the truth." The attorney said, "Proceed then." The boy began 
to tell the story as it had happened and the father said, "Stop him! 
I plead guilty." The boy no doubt found this the hardest experience 
of his life, for he loved his father dearly. This same boy finished 
high school and college. 



144 Love in Action 



Kennedy Home Church 



In the early days of the Kennedy Home, Dr. B. W. Spilman took 
great interest in the Church. He preached the first sermon ever 
preached there. During his lifetime he preached a total of 577 times 
at Kennedy Home, according to his own statement. His first sermon 
there was on Psalm 23. 

The Reverend A. J. Smith, pastor of the First Baptist Church 
of Goldsboro, preached on Sunday afternoon for many years while 
the Reverend Joseph Hough was superintendent. Often Mr. 
Hough or Dr. Spilman, or some visiting minister, filled the pulpit on 
Sunday mornings. When I went to Kennedy Home as superintendent, 
I felt that it would be far better to have a regular pastor to preach and 
counsel the children and workers in spiritual affairs. The ones who 
have served as full-time pastors at Kennedy Home since 1943 are 
the Reverend Worth Grant, now a missionary in Japan; Dr. John 
Chandler (a Mills Home product), now president of Hamilton Col- 
lege in New York; the Reverend Malbert Smith, now pastor of 
Grey Stone Baptist Church, one of the larger Baptist churches in 
Durham; the Reverend R. F. Smith, who found his lovely wife at 
Kennedy Home, now pastor of the First Baptist Church of Durham; 
the Reverend E. C. Wilkie (a product of Mills Home), now an 
area missionary with our North Carolina Baptist State Convention; 
the Reverend Paul Pridgen, now pastor of a very large church in 
Columbia, South Carolina; and the Reverend David Leary, a 
graduate of Southeastern Seminary with one year of counseling at 
East Carolina. Mr. Leary recently assumed the pastorate of the 
Spilman Baptist Church of Kinston. The Reverend Rodney Beals 
is the present pastor. The churches at both Homes carry on a program 
similar to all other well-organized Baptist churches. The children are 
all expected to attend Sunday School and worship services, but they 
are not required to attend Training Union unless they so desire. 

Having said what I have about the churches at the Homes, let me 
emphasize that the churches do not belong to the Children's Homes. 
The buildings do, but the churches have the same privilege as any 
other Baptist church has. Each church has a strong group of Dea- 
cons who meet regularly and formulate plans that are voted on by the 
entire membership. When they call a pastor they appoint a pulpit 
committee and proceed just as other Baptist churches. They are true 
democracies. The Sunday School leaders and Training Union leaders 
and other officers are selected just as they are in other Baptist 
churches. It is a significant fact that the churches at the Homes 
give more to missions than they do for local use. At Odum Home 



The Children: Church, School, and Cottage Life 145 

all children attend churches not far from the Home, and all foster 
home children attend with their foster parents. 

Recently this author attended a country church service in Western 
North Carolina. One of our state workers was to bring the message 
that morning and the local pastor asked me to present him to the 
congregation. Prior to the presentation I asked all foster parents to 
stand. Three fine couples stood. Then I asked that all foster children 
stand. Imagine my chagrin when no one stood. Then the pastor said, 
"Mr. Reed, turn around and look behind you." All five of our 
foster children were members of the church choir, and of course all 
were standing. 

School 

Members of the Board of Trustees, the administration, and mem- 
bers of the staff have spent a great deal of time in planning the 
educational program for the children. In the beginning Mr. Mills 
provided a teacher when the first cottage was completed. It was her 
duty to teach the children in that cottage. That teacher taught in a 
one-room school, teaching all the things that were supposed to be 
taught to the pupils in that building. The school was much like the 
schools in the state at that time. Most of the schools were one-room 
schools with one teacher. 

The Baptist Children's Homes had their own schools on the cam- 
puses of Mills Home and Kennedy Home for many years. In the 
early days of Kennedy Home students were transferred to Mills 
Home when they reached high school age because Kennedy Home 
had only a grammar school program. Later Kennedy Home children 
were sent to the public high school in LaGrange, and finally all 
children at Kennedy Home were sent either to Kinston or LaGrange 
public schools. At Mills Home the children went to school on the 
campus much longer. There were three principals of the school of 
Mills Home during the period of this history. They were W. L. 
Bowman, A. C. Lovelace, and Romulus Skaggs. 

In the beginning the salaries of teachers and the other expenses 
of maintaining the school were borne by the orphanage. Later Dr. 
Greer persuaded the educational authorities that the orphaned child 
had just as much right to a free education as any other child. There- 
after the school was a part of the state system. The Homes furnished 
the buildings and the state took care of teachers' salaries, books, and 
other equipment. The school carried on all the programs that other 
state schools did. There was a strong athletic program. Through the 
years the teams from the Home received many trophies in baseball, 
basketball, and football. In 1949 all the high school students from 



146 Love in Action 

Mills Home were sent to Thomasville High School upon the agree- 
ment of the Children's Home Board of Trustees and the city school 
board. The main purpose wa6 to give the children opportunity for a 
choice of subjects in a broader curriculum. A second objective was 
to afford them normal social contacts and privileges to be found in 
schools outside the Hime. The administration also felt that a^nore 
competitive spirit and ambition may be aroused in a large public 
school. 

It was sad for the children to break up their ball teams at the 
Home, but by the end of the first year many had prominent places 
in all phases of the Thomasville High School program. 

In 1950 all children were transferred to city schools. They were 
divided and sent to the different schools in the city system. Their 
adjustment has been above expectation. 

Through all the administrations of the Children's Homes, the edu- 
cation of the children has been foremost in the planning of the pro- 
gram. So many of the children come with defective early training 
that it is necessary to have a tutoring program carried on at all 
times. Now this program is worked out in cooperation with the public 
schools. A large number of the children are participating in this 
type of study. Many of the children attend summer school at the 
high school in order to make up work or to get extra credit. 

The Child Development Center has added another educational 
feature to the campus at Mills Home. This is a very fine service 
of which parents in the Thomasville area are taking advantage. The 
Center provides educational experiences rather than just custodial 
care. Because of the special interest each child is given the school 
attracts parents of many children with special needs. Another im- 
portant aspect of the Development Center is that it acts as a model 
for churches who want to add this type of service. They are coming 
in increasing numbers to study the programs and are given informa- 
tion which is beneficial in setting up a child development center. 

The staff and friends of the children provide many educational 
experiences for the children in the Homes. The rising seniors go to 
Washington, D. C, each summer. There are sometimes trips to New 
York City, to Williamsburg, and to other places of special interest. 
These trips are considered part of the total educational program. 

When a child graduates from high school at any of the North 
Carolina Baptist Children's Homes, he is given a chance for con- 
tinuing his education in a college, community college, or technical 



The Children: Church, School, and Cottage Life 147 

institute. This is financed through grants, scholarships, and loans. 
Caseworkers visit the children often to talk over problems that may 
arise and to bring news from "home." 

Cottage Life 

Whjt picture comes to your mind when sorAone speaks of a cot- 
tage on a children's home campus? 

I want to describe one of the family-style cottages now found on 
all our campuses. This is one of the new cottages in which children 
from the same family live together, although often an only-child is 
placed in this setting so that his special needs may be met. It is a 
well-built house with bedrooms with connecting baths, and a kitchen 
with large eating area. There is a big living room with carpeting, 
fireplace, and tasteful pictures on the walls. The study is well-stocked 
with magazines, reference books, and the daily paper. One room 
has a television and playing area for quiet games. There are also 
places where a child can be alone if he chooses. Down the hall is 
the houseparents' apartment with a private living room, often used 
as a counseling room. There is also a laundry room with washer 
and dryer for the whole cottage family. Going into a girl's room, you 
will see two beds with stuffed animals propped against the pillows. 
On the dresser you might see family pictures. Looking around, you 
would probably find cut-outs of favorite singers and movie stars 
taped on the walls. Since this is a family-type cottage, boys also live 
here. In their rooms you will find fishing rods, baseball gloves, rocks, 
and perhaps creeping things here and there. 

I remember a staff meeting where one of the houseparents re- 
ported that some of the boys had pet squirrels in their closets. She 
asked the superintendent to meet the boys in front of the church and 
talk the matter over. After they were seated on the steps, the 
superintendent told them how all squirrels love freedom. They 
build their nests high in the trees to protect their babies; they love to 
play in the trees, jumping from limb to limb; and they gather their 
food and store it away for the winter. He said that this is God's plan 
for the squirrels. A lengthy discussion followed. One boy volunteered 
to go to the library to find out about squirrels. The two boys who 
had the pet squirrels decided to turn them loose. They brought the 
squirrels and set them free at the base of two oak trees. One ran up 
to the first limb, sat for a few seconds, and ran back down to the 
boy who turned him loose. The second squirrel climbed higher, but 



148 Love in Action 

it only took him a few seconds to get back to his friend and climb 
up his arm. After watching this demonstration, the superintendent 
dismissed the boys without further discussion. 

Life goes on in the cottages much as it does in any normal home. 
Children have a part in deciding about meals and other activities 
that are part of home life. Every child has an assigned duty or 
chore. The children help decide who will do this or that. There are a 
few tasks no one likes to do, but matters are worked out so that 
everyone takes his turn. 

Special holidays are highlights of the year for all the children. 
Halloween is a favorite, with all the ghosts and goblins, and the cos- 
tuming. The climax is a big Halloween party at the gym, starting 
with the younger children and ending with the older group. On the 
Fourth of July there are swimming contests, baseball games, and 
picnics. Valentine's Day is the time when children either make or 
buy their valentines and somehow contrive a way to get them to the 
ones for whom intended, sometimes very stealthily. 

The Christmas season, which starts the first week of December, is 
full of activity in the church, at school, and in the cottages. The 
children all go to visit family or friends during the school holidays, 
but much happens before they leave. There are special music pro- 
grams and Christmas pageant rehearsals at church. There is the re- 
newing of acquaintance with Lottie Moon through a study of foreign 
missions, and sharing in an offering taken in her honor for the for- 
eign mission program. Parties for the children are also numerous at 
this time of year. Sometimes a church or civic group comes to the 
Home and gives a party in one of the cottages. Other groups take the 
children to their church or some other place for Christmas festivities. 
All through the years church groups and individuals have been very 
thoughtful about sharing with the children in the Homes. Many 
churches and civic organizations have a long history of remembering 
the children year after year. A ladies' class in the First Baptist 
Church of Durham has sent many beautifully dressed dolls Christmas 
after Christmas. I believe such generosity and concern have made an 
impression on the children and brought about a stronger faith in the 
church and in the Master. 

A tradition for many years, and a fond memory for hundreds of 
Mills Home children, was the big Christmas tree in the gym. It was 
always a beautiful sight. After everyone was seated, and all lights 
turned off except those on the Christmas tree, members of the staff 
would give a short Christmas program, with the help of the children. 



The Children: Church, School, and Cottage Life 149 

Everyone joined in to sing Christmas songs. The climax of the evening 
was Santa's arrival to help hand out the presents. 

The children's thoughts were not always on their own presents, 
however. It was a week or so before Christmas when two junior-age 
brothers came to Miss Sallie's office to ask the cost of a Bible. Miss 
Sallie quoted some prices and asked why they wanted to buy a 
Bible, since they were given one when they came to Mills Home. 

"Did you lose your Bibles?" she asked. They told her they had 
not lost their own Bibles, but they wanted to buy one for their father, 
who was in prison. 

"We think it will help him to be good and get out of prison," the 
younger of the two explained. 

Miss Sallie asked how much money they had and where they got it. 
They counted out the money and said they had earned it raking 
leaves. Miss Sallie studied her catalog and found just the Bible they 
wanted. When it arrived, it was carefully gift-wrapped and sent to 
their father. One feels that such love must have had the desired effect. 

The children look forward to vacations with happy anticipation. 
They work and save their money for weeks for the fun ahead. 
Usually they have their suitcases packed days before time to go. Dur- 
ing the summer they spend two weeks with relatives and friends and 
another week at the vacation cottage on the seashore at Emerald 
Isle. Special holidays such as Thanksgiving and Easter are also en- 
joyed with relatives and friends. These vacations are most helpful 
in keeping family ties intact, in case the family may someday be 
reunited. The child may also understand a little better why he has to 
live away from home. For some children, hostility toward the 
Home is lessened by these visits, although for others there seems to 
be the opposite effect. However, the majority of the group seem 
happy to get back together. 

The summer vacation also gives the houseparents a well-earned 
rest. They come back refreshed, ready again to tackle the job of 
helping the children to face the truth about their family and home. 
Houseparents have learned that what causes a child's maladjustment 
is often his worry over loved ones at home. 

Cottage life has not always been so warm and pleasant. Continuous 
improvements have been made through the years. As Dr. Kesler 
once said, "Progress is being made when we get improved concep- 
tions of our task, and we should count that year lost that does not 
discover to ourselves new reaches of service for the large group of 
children looking to us for refuge." In the beginning of the period 



150 Love in Action 

covered in this history, large numbers of children were living in 
each cottage. The bedrooms were full of beds and the children had 
their meals in a central dining room. 

At the time of the depression, the need was great, and funds 
were meager. In order to provide additional help during this difficult 
period the school day was divided into shifts, permitting each child 
to attend school one half-day and work one-half day. The most un- 
popular chore for boys was the dairy since those who worked at the 
milk barn had to get up at 4:00 a.m. in order to get the cows milked 
and the barn cleaned in time for breakfast. At this early hour the 
boys tuned in to their favorite hillbilly programs. They declared that 
the cows liked the music as well as they did. 

The girls who helped with the cooking also had to arise early, 
build fires in a wood or coal stove, and have breakfast ready for 
the ones who were to go to school during the morning. Those who 
went to school in the morning worked in the afternoon while the 
others went to school. In this way, much of the work of the Home 
was done by the children. 

When children came to the orphanage, they used to be sent to 
the Infirmary for several days to determine whether they had any 
kind of communicable disease. The nurse kept a medical record for 
each child. After the stay in the infirmary, the children were 
placed in a cottage with their own sex and age group. The boys 
were on one side of the campus and the girls on the other. This 
was another trying time when brothers and sisters had to be separated. 
They were allowed to visit at certain times on Sunday afternoons. 
One of the sweetest scenes I ever saw was a little family grouped 
together, talking and eating something special they had saved for 
this occasion. 

It was a bright day for the children when certain changes did take 
place. The children no longer go through the waiting period in the 
infirmary. Their health is checked before they come to the Home. 
After an application is made for a child to come into the Baptist 
Children's Homes program, a careful study is made. The child is 
brought to the Home for a visit and his caseworker takes him around 
and gets him acquainted with places and people. He spends much 
time visiting with the children in the cottage where he will live. The 
children do all the talking. Their visitor mostly just looks and listens. 
This experience does seem to help ease the homesickness that almost 
every child goes through. 

I have never known a child who could not tell the exact date 
when he entered the Home. I always remember the day Ray came 



The Children: Church, School, and Cottage Life 151 

to live with us. He arrived at the lunch hour when none of the 
children were outside on the campus. I was the only one at the 
office. The caseworker brought him in and after a few minutes left 
us alone. Looking up at me with big blue eyes full of tears, he said, 
"Ain't there nobody here but me and you?" I have never seen 
eyes that said so much. I gathered him up in my arms and we both 
cried. Then we wiped our tears away and got into my car to make a 
tour of the campus. We collected a few boys here and there who had 
finished their lunch. We wound up the tour at his cottage. The boys 
with him, and his houseparent, lost no time introducing him to the 
other boys and to his new home. I am glad that coming to the 
Home these days need not be so frightening. 

I am convinced that the unsung heroes and heroines of any child- 
care organization are the houseparents. They work long hours with 
little pay. Those who are dedicated give of their best in strength and 
devotion without a thought of gratitude. It is they who help instill 
into the children those ideals and attitudes that shape their lives and 
give promise to their future. 



Chapter IX 
THE ALUMNI AND THEIR LOVE FOR THE HOMES 

The greatest of all teachers has said, "By their fruits you shall 
know them" — Matthew 7:20. In an effort to ascertain where the 
former pupils of the Baptist Children's Homes are, what they are 
doing, and what they think of the opportunities they had while they 
lived here, I sent out several hundred letters. I received a great 
number of replies. These I have studied very carefully and tried to 
analyze. Several observations stand out as very significant. 

Nearly all of the students are married and have families. Almost 
without exception they said that their training at the Children's 
Homes had been helpful to them in giving their own families a good 
home life. When they were at the Homes all girls were, and still 
are, taught to cook, to sew, to iron, to wash clothes, and to keep 
the house neat and clean. The majority of the boys learned these 
same skills. Others learned the art of printing, of painting, of car- 
pentering, of plumbing, of farming, of caring for the yards and 
grounds around the cottages where they lived. Hundreds stated that 
these skills help them immeasurably in their daily routines. 

It is noteworthy that perhaps seventy-five percent of those answer- 
ing referred specifically to their spiritual training as being a prime 
factor in shaping their attitude toward the higher things of life. Often 
they referred to certain pastors, teachers, houseparents, carpenters, 
farmers, or Scout leaders as living the type of life they wished to 
emulate. One housewife and mother who lives in Florida had highest 
praise for the spiritual guidance she received while at the Home, but 
added, "I would never require my children to attend Church services." 
Perhaps this last remark was prompted by the fact that all children 
in the several Homes of our child care program are expected to 
attend Sunday School and worship services regularly. Each ad- 
ministration has taken the position that these children should be 
treated as if they were in a normal Christian home'. The average 
dedicated father and mother will say to their children on Sunday 
morning, "This is the Lord's Day. Let's all get ready to go to Sunday 
School and worship this morning." Those in foster homes attend 
church with their foster parents. 

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The Alumni and Their Love for the Homes 153 

aisle from Mary and Jane (the names are changed but the story is 
true). Mr. Isaac Terrell, the pastor, had just delivered a soul search- 
ing sermon, and asked if anyone would come forward and profess 
Jesus as Saviour. Jane, with tears of joy streaming down her 
cheeks, went forward. Mary sat down on the pew and wept. I 
quietly moved over and sat beside her and asked, "Why?" She 
answered, "Jane came to live with us about six months ago. Since 
then she has been my roommate and I have talked and prayed with 
her almost every day. I have asked God to save her. Now, this is 
the happiest day of my life." Both girls were sixteen years of age 
at that time. Jane had been inside a church house only one time 
in her life before coming to live at Mills Home. Now she is a gradu- 
ate of the school of nursing at the Baptist Hospital. She is married 
to a very successful professional man and is perhaps as fine a 
Christian mother as our state affords. 

Almost without exception the alumni expressed their appreciation 
for the opportunity to get an education. One man said that he left 
the Home sixty-one years ago and that so far as he knew it did 
nothing to help him except to make it possible for him to get an 
education. This and one other man who was at Mills Home for a 
very short time are the only two who did not express in a very 
positive way deep appreciation for the care they received while in 
the Homes. 

A large number of the alumni graduated from high school either 
while they lived at the Homes or after returning to their parents. It 
was amazing to note the large percentage who went on to college 
or to some other institution of higher learning. Many became nurses, 
teachers, ministers, lawyers, missionaries, college professors, medi- 
cal doctors, chemists, business executives. One is a college president. 
Many others serve in industry, insurance, newspaper work, or sales- 
manship. A few are farmers. One business executive said that he 
worked so hard on the farm at the Home that he resolved to earn his 
living in the city. Many are employed in manufacturing plants of one 
sort or another. Several are operating or are employed in filling sta- 
tions or other areas of oil distribution. I received replies from several 
who are now retired, but I did not receive a single letter from an 
unemployed person. Perhaps they did not bother to answer my letter. 

A host of those who replied spoke appreciatively of the health pro- 
gram that was carried on while they were at the Children's Homes. It 
may surprise you to learn that many, many of them came to the 
Homes with their bodies very undernourished. Others came with 
defective teeth. Still others had eye difficulties, and some had physical 



154 Love in Action 

deformities. These were put under the care of skilled physicians and 
nurses, and every effort was made to correct their difficulties. In most 
cases they left the Homes completely normal. "Greater works than 
these shall you do," said the Master. I have witnessed many real 
miracles in the developing bodies of the children. 

One boy so deformed at birth that he could scarcely walk a step in 
his early years was placed under the care of an outstanding orthopedic 
surgeon while he lived in a foster home. Later he was transferred to 
one of our group homes, and when he graduated from high school 
his feet and legs were completely normal. He later graduated from 
college and now holds an executive position in a large manufacturing 
establishment. His family is one of the outstanding families in the city 
where he is employed. 

A ten year old girl was very withdrawn and one of the most de- 
spondent children I have ever known. Her health was bad; her color 
was swarthy; she seemed to have no pride or ambition at all. She ap- 
parently was doomed to complete failure. Braces were put on her 
teeth; she was given special coaching in school work; and the house- 
mother gave careful and special attention to her. She helped her to 
dress more neatly and give more thought and care to her personal 
appearance. This girl gradually changed and in the course of four or 
five years, she far surpassed many of her classmates. She graduated 
from high school and college and now is rendering a high degree of 
service to her generation as a strong Christian schoolteacher. She is a 
gracious, beautiful, and charming woman who is very popular among 
all her associates as well as with the children she teaches. 

This writer, while he was general superintendent of the Baptist 
Children's Homes, was invited to speak in the Grace Baptist Church of 
Durham one Sunday morning. I called a young man who was then a 
senior at Gardner- Webb College and asked him if he would like to 
make the trip with me. His answer was, "Yes, that is my home town." 
So on Sunday morning we drove to the church. He testified before a 
large adult Sunday School class, and when the time came for me to 
speak, the pastor, the Reverend Mr. Anderson, asked this young man 
if he would like to say a few words to the group before I began my 
message. He confidently took his place in the pulpit, pulled a little 
black book from his pocket, and read in very clear and distinct tones 
Matthew 25:35-36, and then placed the book back in his pocket. He 
looked the audience straight in the face and said, "These words are 
literally true in my case. I was hungry and sick, and a stranger. In fact 
my body was so weak that I was not allowed to attend school a single 
day during my first year at Mills Home, but by the time for school to 



The Alumni and Their Love for the Homes 155 

start in the fall, the doctors and nurses and houseparents had brought 
new life into my body. Since then I have never missed a day from 
school because of sickness. I will soon graduate from Gardner-Webb 
College. Then I plan to go to some senior college and get a degree. 
From then on with all there is in me, I will try to repay the Baptists of 
North Carolina in a life of service." This young man later graduated 
from High Point College, married, and has established a home and a 
very responsible position in business. All Baptists can be proud that 
they had a part in making this possible. 

Perhaps the most unique experience of the Homes in regard to 
health was revealed at the close of World War II. Many of our boys 
had been called into military service. The late Dr. I. G. Greer decided 
to make a study of all those who had gone from group homes. He 
enlisted the help of Mr. Joseph Johnson, superintendent of the 
Presbyterian Home at Barium Springs; Mr. Woosley, superintendent 
of the Children's Home (Methodist) of Winston-Salem; the Reverend 
Mr. Barnes, superintendent of the Methodist Home in Raleigh; and 
Mr. Proctor, superintendent of the Masonic Orphanage of Oxford. 
Several hundred had gone into service from those who had been 
reared in these several homes. During World War I and II, only 1.4 
percent of those drafted had been rejected. Of the population at large 
in North Carolina 56.8 percent had been rejected for mental or 
physical deficiencies. 

During the twenty-six years that this writer has been connected with 
the North Carolina Baptist Children's Homes, he has known of only 
one person who failed to pass the mental test — none has failed the 
physical. The one who failed was a young man of splendid physique. 
At the request of the superintendent, after he had been notified by 
school authorities that this boy could not possibly make further 
progress in school, the social service department placed him as a 
plumber's helper in a large organization. He soon married, took his 
father off public welfare and brought him to live with them in his own 
home, and kept him until his death about twenty years later. He and 
his wife belong to a country church, and are among its most loyal 
supporters. The supervisor of the organization where he works has 
said to me a number of times that he does not have a more dependable 
employee in his organization. We are as proud of this man as we are 
the one who is a college president. Each has developed the talents that 
he was born with, and has used them to the full in service to his gen- 
eration. 

I wish it were possible for me to share with you the hundreds of 
quotations I have from the alumni, but this would require a large vol- 



156 Love in Action 

ume in itself. So I shall try to give a few that are representative. Since 
they are just representative quotations I shall not use names. All 
quotations are authentic. 

Quotations and Antics From Alumni 

One housewife and mother said, "The Home gave me a good 
Christian education and taught me how to make a good and happy 
home for my family." To me this is love at its best. 

A college professor said, "At the Home I learned the importance of 
integrity in what anyone undertakes to do." He also gave the following 
human-interest story: "A group of us were punished for slipping out 
to the movies by having to help Dr. Kesler set out small trees along 
the roads through the campus. I treasure every moment of that time I 
was permitted to spend with him. Whatever I may accomplish in life 
is due largely to this great man." 

From a man who finished high school, and is doing well in business 
in a neighboring state: "It gave me confidence and self-respect, and 
taught me to fill my place in the world for which I shall always be 
grateful." 

From a young man who is now counselor for the mentally retarded: 
"The Home gave me a sense of security, and made it possible for me 
to get an education." 

An employee of the Children's Homes gave this human interest 
story: "When I was nurse I always gave each child who had a tooth 
pulled a dime from 'My Fairy Box'. A little boy who had recently 
entered the Home was taken to the local dentist to have one tootn 
extracted. When he returned he had a handful of teeth and asked me 
if I was the fairy who bought children's teeth? Yes, he got his hand full 
of dimes." 

From a very prominent grandson of the Homes: "The Baptist 
Children's Homes has meant a great deal to me, my brother, and two 
sisters. Much of the training our parents received there rubbed off on 
us. We were urged to get a good education and live exemplary lives, 
and for all this we are deeply grateful." Incidentally, this man and his 
brother are famous physicians, and the sisters are as successful in their 
chosen fields of service as the boys. Can such love as made this possi- 
ble be measured by any yardstick society possesses? 

An outstanding educator says: "Through the Christian love of 
others I was removed from an environment of near hopelessness and 
placed in an environment which gave me outlets to that type of life 
that I think God intended for all people. Not a day goes by but that I 
give thanks to God for the Baptist Children's Homes." 



The Alumni and Their Love for the Homes 157 

A human interest story by one who is now a housewife and mother: 
"While at Biggs Cottage some of the girls committed some sort of mis- 
demeanor and the housemother, unable to find out just who it was, 
decided to punish all of us that night by turning out all lights from 
dark to daylight. This happened on a Sunday. At church that night 
the pastor took as his subject, 'Don't Live in the Dark'. The group 
became so convulsed with laughter that we almost broke up the 
service." 

A lady who lives in Texas writes : "One day when swimming in the 
pool at Mills Home I climbed to the top of the perch where the life- 
guard was supposed to be. Instead of diving from there as we so often 
did, I screamed and pretended to faint and fall off into the water. Alas, 
several hours later I awoke in the High Point Hospital with a broken 
arm and many bruises all over my body. I had missed the water and 
landed on the concrete face down. With the broken bones and bruises 
I was and still am grateful to be alive." 

One alumna wrote, "All I am and all I hope to be I owe to the 
Home. It is the only Home I ever had as a child. It was my great am- 
bition to grow up to be like Miss Eulalia Turner." 

Another said: "The Home taught me the best things in life and 
made it possible for me to get an education. Mother died and father 
was an invalid. We were passed from one relative to another and then 
back again. Then we were sent to Mills Home, a secure harbor. The 
tangible things I received there can be easily stated — how to cook, 
sew, mend, good grooming, good manners, politeness, etc. It is more 
difficult to express the intangibles. How can one tell of the love and 
joy of being one of a large family like this? The warmth you feel for a 
Miss Sallie; the respect you learn for your teachers by working in the 
office with Mr. Skaggs, the Principal; the skills you acquire by working 
in the sewing room for Miss Sherman or Mrs. Johnson. In all this you 
are being firmly and gently taught by example. Also, you are being 
taught appreciation for others, sympathy for those in need, love of 
God, and respect for your country. Sundays were always days of rest 
and worship. Ours were the most beautiful Church services imagi- 
nable. My character was molded there. Although I have achieved no 
great fame or fortune, my life has been far better because I lived 
there." 

A printer from Pennsylvania said, "Besides the religious training I 
received, I was taught to be kind to others and to be kind to those in 
need. Also, my education and work experiences made it possible for 
me to get and hold a good position after I left the Home." 

A graduate of Wake Forest University and a very prominent church 
man who holds an important position in business writes: "Without the 



158 Love in Action 

love, care, influence, guidance, and encouragement which were so 
graciously and freely given during my nine years at Kennedy Home, 
I do not feel that I would have achieved anything worthwhile. I would 
probably have been a high school dropout. Needless to say I owe 
everything to the tireless efforts the employees expended to give me an 
opportunity to become somebody. How do you thank people for this 
kind of opportunity? I really do not know the answer. Perhaps the best 
way to start is to utilize your abilities constructively so that your 
achievements reflect favorably on all those who had a part in your 
development. I think you and Mrs. Reed know how I feel about those 
who directed me while I was at Kennedy Home. I love them as dearly 
as I am able to love. Their influence over my life over the years has 
been the most significant factor affecting it. I couldn't repay them 
even if I knew how." 

A young man who is now in the United States Air Force says: "My 
stay at Kennedy Home was based around my two brothers. We 
worked, hunted, fished, studied, ate, and slept together for seven won- 
derful years. The Home brought us together after several months of 
separation. They put our feet in the right path and gave us the right 
push that everyone needs in order to succeed in a good life. They gave 
us food, clothing, shelter, and Christ. These blessings came as free as 
the wind, and we wondered how anyone could be so lucky. We never 
considered ourselves as orphans, but as Kings." 

One of the housemothers gave me this story: "Billie, one of her fine 
Junior boys had listened very attentively to the pastor's sermon that 
Sunday morning. He had urged each boy and girl to give some item of 
clothing to be sent to the orphan children of Korea. In his plea he 
had said that they were at war over there and many of the children had 
lost their fathers and homes. He further stated, 'If you give to help 
these orphan children you will be giving to Jesus Christ our Savior.' 
After lunch the housemother asked her boys to bring whatever item 
of clothing they could spare to her room. Billie opened his dresser 
drawer where he kept his shirts. The one on top was a beautiful one of 
many colors. It had recently been sent to him by his aged grandmother 
for his birthday present. He prized this above all other items of 
clothing that he possessed; so he lifted it out, looked at it for some 
time and then placed it back in the drawer. He then carefully hunted 
through the drawer and found his next best shirt. He -carried this to 
the housemother, but did not put it on the table where the clothing 
was being placed. Instead, he stood still for a full moment while tears 
welled up in his eyes. Then he suddenly turned and went upstairs to 
his room, and again took out his prized shirt. He placed it over his arm 



The Alumni and Their Love for the Homes 159 

and marched into the room with his head high and a big smile on his 
face. He carefully placed it with the other items there. As soon as the 
housemother could get to him without drawing the attention of the 
other boys, she told him that he should not give his beautiful birthday 
shirt. Billie replied, 'The pastor said when we gave to these Orphans 
we would be giving to Jesus, and I do not want to ever give Him any- 
thing but my best'." Billie lives in another state now but I heard 
from him through a mutual friend some months ago. I was informed 
that he still maintains that same goal for his life. When Baptists learn 
of incidents like this it is payday for them because their gifts made it 
possible. 

A quote from an alumnus of the Baptist Children's Homes who is 
now heading one of North Carolina's largest school systems: "As I 
look in retrospect upon my life and particularly the era that I spent 
as a member of the Children's Homes family, I am encompassed by 
feelings of pride, humility, and profound gratitude. As one remembers 
the love, concern, vision, courage, and sincere humility of our late be- 
loved giant, Dr. I. G. Greer, he is awed and inspired by being 
privileged to grow up at his feet. I remember so vividly his taking the 
time from his busy, pressing schedule, during the dark depression 
years, to ride a frustrated little boy (me) piggy back and share his 
warmth and compassion. The self image and pride and determination 
that coach Kearns so aptly instilled; the appreciation and respect for 
culture conveyed by Mr. Lord; the love of God and respect for our 
fellowman made so real and convincing by the Reverend Mr. Neilson; 
and the respect for and quest for knowledge as inspired by Miss Olive 
are examples but indicative of the multitude of wholesome precepts 
projected for a more fruitful and meaningful life. 

"A tinge of nostalgia yet engulfs me, as it did years ago as a teen- 
age boy, as I am reminded afresh and anew of the price many paid 
that we could and would be afforded opportunities for fulfilling our 
dreams. It is in reality miraculous that this ministry has attracted and 
retained such dynamic leadership through the years. Only divine 
guidance and blessing could have perpetuated such an essential minis- 
try with the scope being ever broadened as needs have been recog- 
nized." 

Several years ago, we had a letter from a prominent lady in one of 
the missionary circles of the First Baptist Church of Hickory. She 
asked for the name of some girl in college whom they could help with 
expenses. We submitted the names of twin sisters who had grown up 
at Kennedy Home. A few days later we received another letter from 
this same woman saying that they had come up against a problem such 



160 Love in Action 

as they had never had before. They wrote to these girls offering to 
help them financially. Their reply was, "We are most grateful for your 
wonderful offer, but we are getting along fairly well. We each have a 
job here helping in the dining room, and are getting along very well. 
With our work we will be able to finish without going into debt. But 
there is a young lady here from Cuba who is preparing to go back to 
her own country as a missionary. Since she does not speak English 
very well, she is having a hard time keeping up with her classes and 
has no extra time to do outside work. There is no one to whom she can 
go for help, so we would appreciate it if you would send the money 
that you are offering us to this Cuban girl. Otherwise, she may have to 
drop out of school." Our friends from Hickory said they had never 
encountered such selflessness and asked our advice. Of course we 
advised them to follow the suggestion of the twins. Actually they 
ended up helping all three. 

An outstanding physician who was reared at the Baptist Children's 
Homes writes: "I sometimes reflect on my life as it is now and what it 
might have been without my stay at the Children's Homes. I enjoy the 
knowledge which I have been able to attain, the talents which have 
been developed, and the service which I am able to render. One of 
the greatest blessings I have had in recent years is that of visiting 
medical missionaries in Africa and working with them. As in most 
Baptist churches the emphasis at the Baptist Children's Homes 
churches upon foreign missions is very strong, particularly under the 
guidance of the pastors. 

"There are so many things about this period at the Children's 
Homes which are embedded in the daily living pattern of all of us 
who were there, and as for myself I would have it no other way." 
(Editor's note: This same physician will spend several weeks in 1971 
working in the African Mission Fields). 

Another housemother relates this story: "A friend visited her cot- 
tage of fourteen intermediate girls just before Christmas. When he got 
ready to leave he gave to each of the girls a pretty new dollar bill. She 
said that she saw the girls together three or four times that afternoon, 
so after their family devotion that night one of them spoke up and said, 
'Miss Lucy, don't you think we should tithe this money and give it 
through the Lottie Moon Offering for Missions?' She agreed that that 
was what the scriptures teach. The next day when they came together 
for their evening devotional period the question was raised again. 
They had met again and decided that each one would give the whole 
dollar for the mission's offering. Miss Lucy tried to explain that the 
Lord did not require us to give all we have as an offering, but they 
said that they had prayed about it and wanted to give all. So, on 



The Alumni and Their Love for the Homes 161 

Sunday morning when the offering plate passed them each of the 
fourteen girls proudly put in a new, crisp one dollar bill." 

The following quote is from an alumnus who has been a college 
professor and held a very high position in one of the nation's largest 
industrial plants. "I, as a child-in-care for six years, saw, felt, and 
benefited from the deep concern, Christian compassion, and timely 
relevance of the North Carolina Baptist child care ministry. I came 
to know that we who lived in the Baptist Children's Homes were loved 
in a special way because of what others had done. I came to love, 
honor, and respect, and to feel a deep sense of loyalty to those who 
were so graciously providing for our physical, mental, moral, and 
spiritual needs. 

"I came from an environment which lacked, for me, security and 
peace because of the absence of a family provider, a home to call my 
own, and an opportunity to secure an education to fit myself for my 
life's work. I also came without a saving knowledge and personal 
experience of Christ as my Lord and Master. All of these things I 
found in the Children's Homes. There I became acquainted with 
some of the finest of God's people who helped me to make the right 
decisions about my relationship to God and my future educational 
plans for life. 

"All of this is what the Baptist Children's Homes means to me. Do 
you wonder that I, who found my Savior there and got the training 
and education on which my whole life has hinged, am proud to call it 
my home?" 

A quotation from a young lady who grew up at the Baptist Chil- 
dren's Homes and is now a social worker said, "Over the years things 
have changed; so have senior privileges. During the summer months 
prior to the senior year the boys and girls are encouraged to work and 
live outside the Children's Homes. Dating has become an accepted, 
normal activity. In other words, the seniors receive field training in 
real life situations, but not without supportive service from the 
Homes." 

An outstanding businessman said, "I will be in there fighting for my 
old home as long as there is breath in me to enable me to fight. I 
myself along with thousands of others appreciate what was done for us 
while we were there." 

A prominent lawyer who later became a superior court judge said in 
Charity and Children September 15, 1938: "The Orphanage influ- 
ence on a child morally, spiritually, and physically is as good an 
influence as can be thrown about any child in any station of life." 

A quotation from a man who has distinguished himself in the 
service of the Federal government, is found in an issue of Charity 



162 Love in Action 

and Children: "I enjoy reading your articles in Charity and Children. 
They help me to live again days of long ago that I cherish most 
deeply." 

A quotation about a missionary in the May 30, 1946, issue of 
Charity and Children: While here in the states I wanted to write a 
word of thanks to Mills Home for the wonderful instruction and 
preparation my wife received while she was in that great institution. 
Each day as T see the fruits of her labor, I thank God for her and for 
what you good people have meant to the Baptist work in Cuba. . . . 
Recently she was presented a beautiful pin with the word, 'FAITH- 
FUL' in recognition of her twenty-five years of service. Her only 
comment was 'Thank you! I only hope that the Lord will let me serve 
Him for another twenty-five years'." 

A distinguished college professor and scholar, an alumnus of Mills 
Home, closed his homecoming address in 1946 with these words: "Dr. 
Greer, we who have returned for this reunion and happy fellowship, 
greet you in His Name. We bid you godspeed and pledge anew our 
devotion to the traditions and high ideals of the Home which took us 
as, 'Dropped stitches of vanquished hands and wove us again in the 
loom of love'." (Charity and Children, August 15, 1946.) 

In 1956, 1 asked one of our senior girls to speak to the Children's 
Homes report at the Baptist State Convention. Her complete address 
is recorded in the Baptist State Convention Annual of 1956. I quote 
only a small part of her talk: "Of all the machines that man has 
created not one is so exquisite in design or so delicately sensitive as 
the human personality. The needs of man are basically the same, but 
the greatest of these is a home that is more than a house. It is when 
these home ties are broken that it is extremely essential that the 
children be placed in an environment where character is taught. The 
children in our Children's Homes live in an environment of love. 

"Many lessons are learned in group life such as ours — self-disci- 
pline, honesty, thoughtfulness, and reliability; and above all, faith in 
ourselves, and in God. You may give a child food, clothes, medical 
care and an education, but if the child is not understood, wanted, and 
protected, he grows into a shell with little feeling or character. Success 
consists in getting up more times than we fall down." 

These statements and stories from the alumni show that the love 
Baptists have for homeless and neglected children is reciprocated four- 
fold. As so many have said, they never could have been the type of 
citizens that God meant them to be without your prayers, love, and 
financial support. The relationship between our great denomination 
and the Children's Homes is one of the greatest love stories on 
record. 



Appendix A 
Personnel of the Baptist Children's Homes, 1932-1970 

Several of those listed in 1932 had served many years prior to that date and 
several listed in 1970 will remain there for a number of years of service. Each 
person listed has made a significant contribution to the host of children whom 
they have helped to train. The cottage parents and teachers often have far more 
influence on the character of the child than any others who work in the child 
care program. 

Abbott, Mrs. Elsie (KH)* Cottage Parent 

Abernathy, J. W. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Abernathy, Mrs. J. W. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Adams, Mrs. Juanita (KH) Laundry 

Adolphus, Donald (KH) Farm 

Alderman, Mrs. Pat (KH) Music 

Aldridge, Miss Dorothy (KH) Office Secretary 

Alexander, Mrs. Millie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Alexander, Miss Stella (MH) Cottage Parent 

Allen, Billie Lawson (KH) Music 

Alley, William Dale (MH) Charity and Children 

Allison, Mrs. J. A. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Allred, Mrs. Margaret Janice P Social Service Department 

Allred, Mrs. Mildred E. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Allsbrook, Miss Pamela Kay (KH) „ Office Secretary 

Alston, Miss Nancy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ambrose, Mrs. Robert (KH) Cottage Parent 

Amos, M. J. (MH) Farm 

Angel, Miss Thelma (KH) Music 

Armentrout, Miss Judy Social Service Department 

Arnder, Mrs. Mae (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ashburn, Mrs. Annie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Atwood, James (MH) Buildings and Grounds 

Aycock, Mrs. Nona Mae (KH) Cottage Parent 

Badger, Miss Susanne Social Service Department 

Bailey, Franklin (MH) Shoe Shop and Charity and Children 

Bailey, Mrs. Franklin Charity and Children 

Bailey, Mrs. Nannie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Bailey, Roland C. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bailey, Mrs. Roland C Cottage Parent 

Bain, Miss Mae Gibson Social Service Department 

Baity, Mrs. Sandra (MH) Social Service 

Baker, Eugene W Director, Public Relations 

Baker, Mrs. Eugene W. (MH) Child Dev. Center 

Baldwin, Roland (MH & KH) Farm & Dairy 

Ball, C. A Charity and Children 

Ballard, Miss Jennie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ballard, Mrs. Bob (MH) Administration 

Bandy, Miss Frances Social Service Department 

Bannister, Mrs. L. M. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Barbee, Mrs. A. E. (MH) Cottage Parent 

* (MH) represents Mills Home. (KH) represents Kennedy Home. (OH) represents Odum 
Home. (GH) represents Greer Home. (BH) represents Broyhill Home. (WH) represents 
Wall Home. (CC) represents Charity and Children. All who work in the Cottages are listed 
as Cottage Parents, and all Social Service personnel are listed in the Social Service Depart- 
ment. Their place of service is not listed. 



164 Appendix 

Barefoot, Horace O Child Development Center, 

Associate Director, Development 

Barefoot, Mrs. Horace O. (MH) Child Dev. Center 

Barker, Miss Peggy (MH) Social Service 

Barnes, James (KH) Buildings and Grounds 

Barnes, Miss Rosaline (KH) Cottage Parent 

Earnhardt, Miss Phoebe (KH) Music 

Bass, Miss Kathryn (MH) Charity and Children 

Batchelor, Mrs. Fred D. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Batchelor, Fred D. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Bates, Mrs. Sadie Y. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Battle, Mrs. Grace (MH) Cottage Parent 

Batts, Steven Charity and Children 

Beach, Mrs. Eva (MH) Cottage Parent 

Beacham, William T. (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Beacham, Mrs. William T Houseparent 

Beals, George Rodney (KH) Social Service Department, Pastor 

Beam, Miss Lula R Houseparent 

Bean, Miss Mabel Social Service Department 

Bearfield, Donald L. (MH) Music 

Bearfield, Mrs. Donald L Music 

Beasley, Mrs. Linda Kay (MH) Child Dev. Center 

Beavers, Miss Lydia (MH) Teacher 

Beck, Albert, Jr _ Charity and Children, Foreman Print Shop 

Beck, Mrs. Albert, Jr Charity and Children 

Berry, Mrs. Annie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Best, Mrs. R. B. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Bishop, Miss Bessie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Bizzelle, Mrs. Adele (KH) Nurse 

Bizzelle, Miss Mary Adele (KH) Recreation 

Black, Mrs. Josephine (MH) Infirmary 

Black, Miss Marie (MH) Administration Office 

Blackman, Mrs. Mamie (MH & KH) Cottage Parent 

Blake, Mrs. Louise Director, Social Service Dept. 

Blake, Mrs. Patsy Social Service Department 

Blalock, Mrs. Sarah (KH) Teacher 

Bland, Charlie (KH) Recreation 

Blankenship, Miss Gertrude (MH) Cottage Parent 

Blackwelder, Mrs. Cleo (MH) Infirmary 

Blow, Miss Vera ( KH ) Nurse 

Bogier, Mrs. Hattie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bofin, Miss Linda J Social Service Department 

Boone, Mrs. Nancy B. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Booth, Miss Eugenia (MH) Teacher 

Bordies, Miss Julia (MH) Laundry 

Bost, Miss Fann (MH) Teacher 

Boulden, Bennie Wayne (KH) Farm 

Bourn, Thomas C. (GH) Cottage Parent 

Bourn, Mrs. Thomas C. (GH) Cottage Parent 

Bowers, Austin (MH) Farm 

Bowers, Mrs. Charles (MH) ." Cottage Parent 

Bowers, Ray (MH) Farm 

Bowers, W. (MH) Farm 

Bowman, F. Thurston Treasurer 

Bowman, Mrs. F. Thurston (MH) Administration Office 

Bowman, Mrs. E. M. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bowman, W. L. (MH) School Principal 

Boyd, Mrs. Geneva Lee (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bratton, Mrs. Lucille Duncan (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bray, Mrs. Douglas (MH) Teacher 



Appendix 165 

Bray, Mrs. Minnie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bridges, Mrs. Mae (KH) Cottage Parent 

Briggs, Miss Lena (MH) Teacher 

Briggs, Mrs. Ruby (MH) Cottage Parent 

Briles, John W. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Bringham, Mrs. W. A. (MH) Teacher 

Britt, Mrs. N. F. (MH) Teacher 

Brittain, Miss Betsy K Social Service 

Britton, Mrs. Ethel S. (KH) Administration Office 

Britton, Mrs. Lettie M. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Britton, Mrs. Madge (MH) Teacher 

Brock, Edgar Charity and Children 

Brock, Mrs. Rae (KH) Cottage Parent 

Brock, Miss Susan (MH) Administration Office 

Brogden, E. W. (KH) Assistant Superintendent 

Brogden, Mrs. E. W. (KH) General Supply 

Brooks, Mrs. Nathan Social Service Department 

Brooks, Miss Sylvia Kay (MH) Education 

Brookshire, David (MH) Recreation 

Brookshire, Gary Social Service Department 

Brookshire, W. N Social Service Department 

Brown, Butler (MH) Farm 

Brown, Miss Daisy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Brown, Mrs. Frances Claudette Social Service Department 

Brown, Miss Lola (MH) Cottage Parent 

Brown, Mrs. Lora Mae (KH) Cottage Parent 

Brown, Mrs. Margaret (KH) Cottage Parent 

Brown, Mrs. Mary Helen Social Service Department 

Brown, Miss Maurine (MH) Sewing Room 

Brown, W. H. (Mace) (MH) Teacher 

Browning, Miss Charlotte Social Service Department 

Bruton, Mrs. Bertha (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bryan, Mrs. Eula (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bryan, Mrs. S. C. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bryant, Miss Alice (KH) Laundry 

Bryant, Charlie (KH) Laundry 

Bryant, Mrs. Charlie (KH) Supply Cottage Dietitian 

Bryant, Charlie Jr. (KH) Farm 

Bryant, Darrell Charity and Children 

Bryant, Mabel Miss (KH) Laundry 

Bryant, Sam (KH) Farm 

Bryson, Mrs. Elvira (KH) Nurse 

Bullock, Mrs. Cletis (OH) Cottage Parent 

Bullock, Miss Frances (KH) Cottage Parent 

Bumgarner, Miss Julia (MH) Cottage Parent 

Bumgarner, Miss Nellie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Bumgarner, Mrs. Peggy J. (MH) Charity and Children 

Bunch, Miss Page Social Service Department 

Bunting, J. O. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Bunting, Miss Oleta Charity and Children 

Bunting, Philip R Charity and Children 

Burge, Mrs. Vivian C. (MH) Administration Office 

Burgess, Miss Louise Social Service Department 

Burkhart, Garland Charity and Children 

Burris, Mrs. E. M. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Burton, Dale Steven (MH) Maintenance 

Burton, Lloyd R. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Burton, Miss Priscilla Social Service Department 

Butler, Mrs. Cornelia (MH) Cottage Parent 

Butler, Miss Sophia (KH) Cottage Parent 



166 Appendix 

Byerly, Miss Janie Marr (MH) Child Development Center 

Byerly, Mrs. Linda Social Service Department 

Byrd, Miss Beatrice (KH & MH) Cottage Parent 

Byrd, Mrs. J. Ellis (MH) Cottage Parent 

Cagle, Mrs. Lucille Stroud (MH) Cottage Parent 

Call, Miss Mae (MH) Cottage Parent 

Calloway, Miss Bertha (MH) Infirmary 

Camp, James H. (MH) Cottage Parent Dir. Cottage Life 

Camp, Mrs. James H. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Campbell, Mrs. A. T. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Campbell, George D. (MH) Farm; Church Caretaker 

Campbell, Mrs. George D. (MH) Sewing Room 

Campbell, Miss Lucile (KH) Cottage Parent 

Canipe, Miss Dianne Elaine Social Service Department 

Canipe, Miss Dorothy Social Service Department 

Capell, Joseph V., Ill Social Service Department 

Carlyle, Roger (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Carolina, Mrs. Marvola (MH) Cottage Parent 

Carpenter, Miss Jimmie Social Service Department 

Carroll, Mrs. Thelma (MH) Cottage Parent 

Carter, Miss Bess (MH) Cottage Parent 

Carter, Harold S Charity and Children 

Carter, Willie Edsel (KH) Farm 

Carter, Mrs. Zola Social Service Department 

Casey, Mrs. J. E. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Casey, Mrs. Louise (KH) Cottage Parent 

Casper, Mrs. Mamie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Chaney, T. G. (MH) Teacher 

Charles, Mrs. Blair S. (MH) Teacher 

Chase, Lawrence R. (KH) Farm 

Chatham, Mrs. Daisy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Chavis, Mrs. Ruthie J. (OH) Cottage Parent 

Church, Miss Diana Social Service Department 

Church, Grady (OH & GH) Cottage Parent 

Church, Mrs. Grady (OH & GH) Cottage Parent 

Clark, James C. (OH) Cottage Parent 

Clark, Mrs. James C. (OH) Cottage Parent 

Claypool, Miss Marie Social Service Department 

Clayton, Mrs. Annie (MH) Manager of Workers' Home 

Clayton, Mrs. Lessie (KH) Laundry 

Clemmons, Miss Edith (MH) Cottage Parent 

Clifton, Dewey Charity and Children 

Clinard, Charles D. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Clinard, Mrs. Joyce Charity and Children 

Clodfelter, Larry Charity and Children 

Clute, Miss Virginia (MH) Cottage Parent 

Cobb, Miss Lucile (MH) Cottage Parent 

Cobb, Miss Marie Social Service Department 

Cochran, Miss Lucy (KH) Cottage Parent 

Coggins, Elmer (MH) Night Watchman 

Coggins, Miss Julius (MH) Office Secretary 

Coker, Mrs. Hannah (MH) Cottage Parent 

Cole, Mrs. Rosa (MH) Cottage Parent 

Collie, Miss Eleanor (MH) Cottage Parent 

Collins, Harold Bruce Buildings & Grounds 

Cook, Miss Mary (MH) Cottage Parent 

Cooper, E. M. (KH) Farm 

Cooper, Mrs. E. M. (KH) Laundry 

Corder, Darrell (MH ) Recreation 



Appendix 167 

Cornwell, Thomas F Charity and Children 

Council, Miss Beatrice (MH) Library 

Covert, Miss Katherine (MH) Teacher 

Covington, R. D „ Treasurer 

Cowherd, Miss Nancy Social Service Department 

Cox, Harold D Charity and Children 

Cox, Herbert R. (MH) Teacher 

Cox, J. Robert (KH) Recreation 

Cox, Mrs. J. Robert (KH) Recreation 

Cox, Mrs. Roy (KH) Laundry 

Cox, Miss Ruby (KH) _ Cottage Parent 

Craddock, Miss Peggy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Creech, Cleve H. (KH) Recreation 

Crews, W. T _ Charity and Children 

Cribb, Mrs. Lanie C. (KH & OH) Cottage Parent 

Crisp, Miss Sallie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Crouch, Miss Estelle (MH) Cottage Parent 

Crump, Mrs. Alma Laundry 

Crutchfield, B. F. (MH) Farm 

Crutchfield, Mrs. B. F. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Curry, Mrs. Corine (MH) Cottage Parent 

Curry, Mrs. Warren (MH) Development Department 

Dail, Asa _ Charity and Children 

Dail, Henry Allen (KH) Farm 

Dalton, Miss Virginia (MH) „ Teacher 

Danner, Miss Edna (MH) Cottage Parent 

Darnell, William G Charity and Children 

Daugherty, Miss Annie (KH) Teacher 

Daugherty, Miss Lucy (KH) Cottage Parent 

Daugherty, Miss Velva (MH) Cottage Parent 

Davenport, Mrs. Lena (KH & MH) Cottage Parent 

Davis, Miss Julia (KH) Laundry 

Davis, Mrs. Martha (MH) Cottage Parent 

Davis, Mrs. Mary (MH) Cottage Parent 

Davis, Raymond H Charity and Children 

Davis, Stacy M Charity and Children 

Davis, Leo Theodore (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Davis, Walter J. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Dent, Miss Alice (MH ) Teacher 

DeVane, Miss Lillian (MH) Cottage Parent 

Devine, Loy W Social Service Department 

Dickens, Mrs. Grady (MH) Library 

Dickey, Mrs. Mary Lou (MH) Child Dev. Center 

Diggs, Louis S. (MH) Child Dev. Center 

Dillahunt, Joseph (KH) Farm 

Disher, Newby C Charity and Children 

Dixon, Mrs. Jean (KH) Cottage Parent 

Dixon, Julius (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Donovan, Miss Margaret C. (MH) Child Dev. Center 

Dorsett, George Charity and Children 

Doss, Bufort Charity and Children 

Doughton, Mrs. Mae Belle (MH) Cottage Parent, Laundry 

Downing, Mrs. Mary (KH) Cottage Parent 

Drury, Mrs. Mary Marlowe Charity and Children 

Drake, Miss Thelma (MH) Cottage Parent 

Driver, Leon E. (GH) Cottage Parent 

Driver, Mrs. Leon (Lyda) Cottage Parent 

Drye, Mrs. M. L. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Duckett, H. D Charity and Children 



168 Appendix 

Duncan, Mrs. J. C. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Dunkley, Mrs. Arnold (MH) Teacher 

Dunlap, Mrs. Allean (MH) Cottage Parent 

Dunn, Miss Carrie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Du Priest, Miss Ann Social Service Department 

Eakes, Miss Ethel (MH) Teacher 

Early, H. G. (MH) „ Farm (Poultry) 

Early, Mrs. H. G. (MH) Sewing Room 

Earp, Miss Bettie ( KH ) Teacher 

Eason, John Thomas (KH) Cottage Parent 

Eason, Mrs. John Thomas (KH) Cottage Parent 

Eason, Miss Marie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Eason, Mrs. Sarah B. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Easton, Mrs. Annie Elizabeth (KH) Cottage Parent 

Eastridge, Miss Gwendolyn (MH) Teacher 

Edinger, Paul (MH) Farm Foreman, Supt. Bldgs. & Grounds 

Edinger, Mrs. Paul (MH) Sewing Room 

Edinger, W. M. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Edge, Mrs. Vergie C. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Edmonson, Roy (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Edmonson, Mrs. Roy (KH) Cottage Parent 

Edwards, Miss Dorothy (KH) Cottage Parent 

Edwards, Mrs. G. W. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Edwards, Miss Hattie Director Social Service Dept. 

Edwards, Miss Louise (MH) Teacher 

Eggers, Mrs. E. M. (MH) Administration Secretary 

Eggers, Miss Mamie (MH) Teacher 

Elliott, Mrs. Brenda H Public Relations Secretary 

Elliott, J. H. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Ellis, Ernest (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Ellis, Miss Mary Gordon Social Service Department 

Elmore, Miss Sarah (MH) Superintendent Mills Home 

Ensley, Miss Bonnie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Epperly, Mrs. Gladys J. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Epperson, Mrs. Evelyn (MH) Administration Secretary 

Ergle, Ramon (MH) Recreation; Cottage Parent 

Ergle, Mrs. Ramon (MH) Cottage Parent 

Evans, Miss Barbara A Social Service Department 

Evans, Mrs. Linda H Social Service Department 

Everhart, Miss Bettye Social Service Department 

Everhart, David L., Jr Charity and Children 

Everhart, Miss Millie (MH) Laundry 

Faircloth, Miss Eva (MH) Cottage Parent 

Farlow, David Leroy Charity and Children 

Farmer, Boyd Leon Social Service Department 

Farmer, Mrs. Boyd Leon Social Service Department 

Farmer, James (KH) Cottage Parent 

Farmer, Mrs. James (KH) Cottage Parent 

Farmer, Mrs. Minnie (MH) [.Cottage Parent 

Farthing, Harold (MH) Farm 

Farthing, James B. (MH) Teacher 

Farthing, Miss Ruth (MH) „ Teacher 

Feik, Mrs. Marjorie (KH) Office Secretary 

Ferguson, Mrs. Delia (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ferguson, Mrs. Patricia W Social Service 

Fields, Miss Virginia (MH) Laundry 

Finger, Miss Pearl (KH) „ Sewing Room 

Finley, Miss Harriet (MH) Teacher 



Appendix 1 69 

Fishel, Miss Bettie Social Service 

Fleetwood, B. T -Director, Social Service Dept. 

Fleetwood, Mrs. B. T Dietitian 

Fleming, Wallace (KH) Cottage Parent 

Fleming, Mrs. Wallace (KH) Cottage Parent 

Flowe, Miss Wilma (MH) Cottage Parent 

Floyd, J. W Charity and Children 

Fontana, Mrs. Mary (KH) Cottage Parent 

Ford, Miss Nellie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Fore, Mrs. Lucy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Forrest, Haywood E. (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Foster, W. D Charity and Children 

Fox, Mrs. E. Lee (MH) Cottage Parent 

Foxworth, James ( MH ) Recreation 

Frady, Mrs. Larry J Social Service Department 

Fraley, J. D Treasurer 

Franks, Mrs. Patricia L. (MH) Recreation 

Frazier, Earl (KH) Administrative Assistant 

Frazier, Mrs. I. P. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Frederick, Mrs. N. C. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Frisbee, Mrs. Grace (MH) Cottage Parent 

Frisbee, Ray (MH) Cottage Parent 

Frisbee, Mrs. Ray (MH) Cottage Parent 

Frye, Mrs. Frances N. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Frye, Robert (MH & KH) Cottage Parent 

Frye, Mrs. Robert (MH & KH) Cottage Parent 

Fuller, Miss Martha (MH) Cottage Parent 

Futrell, Mrs. Brenda (KH) Office Secretary 

Futrell, Mrs. Effie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Gabriel, Ralph (MH) Music 

Gailey, F. L. (MH) Buildings & Grounds 

Galloway, Miss Bertha (MH) Cottage Parent 

Galloway, Mrs. Velma Social Service 

Gardner, June ( KH ) Farm 

Gardner, Sim (KH) Campus 

Gardner, Wesley (KH) Farm 

Garner, Miss Hazel (KH) Cottage Parent 

Garrett, Mrs. F. V. (Lucille) (MH) Cottage Parent 

Gartlan, Mrs. Aimee (MH) Cottage Parent 

Gaskins, Mrs. Dora (KH) Cottage Parent 

Gauldin, Miss Linda Social Service Department 

Geer, Mrs. Jessie (MH) Nurse 

Gibson, Miss Betty Social Service Department 

Giles, Fred ( KH ) Night Watchman 

Giles, Mrs. Marie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Gilliam, Miss Minnie (MH) Laundry 

Glenn, Miss Linda Social Service Department 

Glover, Miss Emily Social Service Department 

Goins, James L Charity and Children 

Grady, W. W Charity and Children 

Graham, Adolph (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Graham, William, Jr. (KH) Farm 

Grant, J. Marse Editor of Charity and Children 

Grant, Tommy (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Grant, Worth (KH) Pastor 

Gray, Miss Betsy Sutton (KH) Office Secretary 

Green, Miss Margie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Greene, Mrs. Alice Social Service Department 

Greenway, Mrs. Bertha (MH) Cottage Parent 



170 Appendix 

Greer, Dr. I. G General Supt. 

Griffin, Ronald Ted (MH) Cottage Parent; Recreation 

Griffin, Mrs. Ronald (MH) Cottage Parent 

Griffith, Mrs. Anna (MH) Cottage Parent 

Gurganus, Miss India Social Service Department 

Hadley, Edwin M Social Service Department 

Hairr, Mrs. Janie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hales, Mrs. Peggy R Social Service Department 

Hall, Miss Annie (MH ) Library 

Hall, Miss Euranous J Cottage Parent 

Hall, James (KH) Music 

Hall, Joe (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds & Cottage Parent 

Hall, Mrs. Joe (MH) „ Cottage Parent 

Hall, Miss Madeline Social Service Department 

Hall, Miss Mary Nell Secretary to Gen. Supt. 

Hall, Mrs. Noah (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hall, Mrs. Omega Stone (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hamby, Miss Lucile (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hamilton, Miss Betty (MH) Nurse 

Hamilton, Henry Clay (KH) Farm & Cottage Parent 

Hamilton, Mrs. Henry C. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hammond, Chesley (OH) Supt. Odum Home 

Hammond, Mrs. Chesley (OH) Cottage Parent 

Hardison, Mrs. Helen S. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hardy, Mrs. Mattie (MH) In Charge of Supplies 

Harmon, Robert (MH) Night Watchman 

Harper, Claude (KH) Cottage Parent 

Harper, Mrs. Claude (KH) Cottage Parent 

Harrelson, Mrs. T. A. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Harrington, Mrs. Marie W Charity and Children 

Harris, Johnnie (KH) Buildings & Grounds 

Harris, Mrs. Ollie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Harrison, Mrs. Barbara N. (KH) Administration Secretary 

Harrison, Mrs. Blanche D. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Harrold, James Wade (MH) Cottage Parent 

Harrold, Mrs. James Wade (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hartsell, Miss Evelyn (MH) Cottage Parent 

Harvev, Miss Annie Bell (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hatchell, Mrs. Bessie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hatsell, Miss Carolee Social Service Department 

Hawkins, Charlie Charity and Children 

Hawley, John T. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds; Cottage Parent 

Hawley, Mrs. John T Cottage Parent 

Hayes, Mrs. Connie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hayes, Miss Edith (MH) Teacher 

Hayes, Nelson Development Department 

Hedgecock, Miss Mary (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hedgepeth, Miss Lee Social Service Department 

Hedrick, Austin Charity and Children 

Hedrick, Miss Edna Social Service 

Hedrick, Mrs. Patricia (MH) Child Development Center 

Helderman, Clarence R. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds; Cottage Parent 

Helderman, Mrs. Clarence R. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Henry, Mrs. Etta (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hensley, H. J. (KH) Farm & Farm Mgr. 

Hensley, Mrs. H. J. (KH) Laundry 

Hensley, Miss Ila (MH) Music 

Hensley, Mrs. S. T. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hepler, Cicero G. (MH) _ Farm 



Appendix 171 

Herman, Mrs. Evelyn R Social Service Department 

Herring, F. Jack Director, Social Service Department 

Herring, Mrs. Katie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hester, Miss Viola (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hiatt, Miss Deborah K. (MH) Development Department 

Higgins, Mrs. Catherine B Secretary to President 

Hill, Mrs. Audry Veigh Cottage Parent 

Hill, Mrs. Dorothy (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hill, J. H. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hill, James L. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hill, Jerry P. (MH) Music 

Hill, Mrs. Lillie P. (KH) Sewing Room 

Hillard, Mrs. Harold Charity and Children 

Hillard, T. H. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hillard, Mrs. T. H. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hilton, Norman (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hilton, Thomas (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hinds, D. D. (KH) Farm 

Hinds, Mrs. D. D. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hines, A. C. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hinshaw, Mrs. Mary (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hinshaw, Wesley (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hinson, Mrs. Lillie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hobbs, H. C. (MH) Laundry 

Hobbs, Mrs. H. C. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hogarth, Miss Irene Recreation 

Hoggard, Miss Meritta (KH) Cottage Parent 

Holder, Miss Eva ( MH ) Teacher 

Holmes, Mrs. James III Social Service Department 

Honeycutt, James H Charity and Children 

Honeycutt, Mrs. James H Charity and Children 

Honeycutt, Otis, Jr. (MH) Recreation 

Honeycutt, Miss Ruth (MH) Teacher 

Hood, Miss Cora (MH) Sewing Room 

Hood, G. E. (KH) Night Watchman 

Hooker, James D. (MH) Office Staff 

Hough, Miss Juanita (KH) Sewing Room 

Hough, Joseph C. (KH) Supt. Kennedy Home 

Howard, Miss Callie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Howard, Mrs. Fronnie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Howell, C. M.* (MH) Foreman, Print Shop; Charity and Children 

Howell, Mrs. C. M. (MH) Teacher 

Howell, Pearl (KH) Supt. Bldgs. & Grounds 

Hoyle, Mrs. Helen (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hoyle, Mrs. Kenneth (MH) Music Teacher 

Hoyles, Miss Edith (MH) Teacher 

Huber, Mrs. Alma Smith (KH) Cottage Parent 

Hudson, Mrs. M. M. (MH) Teacher 

Hughes, Mont ( MH ) Farm 

Hughes, Raymond Charity and Children 

Hughes, Mrs. Ruth Social Service 

Humphry, Albert J. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Humphry, Mrs. Albert J. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hunt, Mrs. Mary C. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hunter, C. E. (MH) „ Cottage Parent 

Hunter, Mrs. C. E. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Hutchins, Mrs. Ellie (MH) Cottage Parent 



* Mr. Howell was Foreman of the Print Shop from 1915-1950. Then, until his death in 
1956, he wrote the alumni column for Charity and Children. 



172 Appendix 

Hutchinson, Miss Jaunita M Cottage Parent 

Hutson, Mrs. J. P. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ipock, Mrs. Eunice (KH) Cottage Parent 

Ipock, Miss Paula Fae Social Service 

Ivey, Mrs. Annie B. (OH) Cottage Parent 

Ivey, George T. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Jackson, Miss Ellene (MH) Teacher 

Jackson, Frank (KH) Farm 

Jackson, Penn (MH) Laundry 

James, Charles (MH) Farm 

James, Miss Ellen Social Service 

Jarman, Jean Carol (KH) Recreation 

Jarratt, A. Allan Social Service 

Jarrett, John (MH) Farm 

Jenkins, Mrs. Ida Belle (MH) Cottage Parent 

Jenkins, Miss Lassie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Jernigan, Miss Callie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Jernigan, Miss Lillian (MH) Laundry 

Johnson, Archibald* Editor of Charity and Children 

Johnson, C. B.t (KH) Farm Manager 

Johnson, Mrs. C. B. (KH) Supervisor of Sewing Room 

Johnson, C. Parker (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds; Cottage Parent 

Johnson, Mrs. C. Parker (KH) Cottage Parent 

Johnson, Miss Ethel (MH) Teacher 

Johnson, Miss Lela M. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Johnson, Mrs. Lena H. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Johnson, Mrs. Lou M. (MH) Sewing Room 

Jones, Clyde (MH) Farm 

Jones, Miss Darlene (KH) Cottage Parent 

Jones, Mrs. Margie Ruth (KH) Cottage Parent 

Jones, W. W. (KH) Farm Manager 

Jones, Mrs. W. W. (KH) Teacher 

Jones, William Robert (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Jordan, Miss Edith (KH) Laundry 

Jordan, Lawrence Alton (MH) Recreation 

Jordan, Roger D Charity and Children 

Joyner, Miss Margaret (MH) Teacher 

Joyner, Miss Nell (MH) Teacher 

Justice, Mrs. Etta (KH) Cottage Parent 

Kay, Mrs. Avery (MH) Cottage Parent 

Kay, W. A. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Kearney, Miss Dorothy C. (KH) Administration Secretary 

Kearns, C. A. (MH) Teacher; Supt. Mills Home 

Keel, Paul (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Keel, Mrs. Paul (KH) Laundry 

Kelly, Miss Allie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Kenan. Mrs. Annie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Keys, Paul S. (MH) Teacher; Farm Manager 

Kindley, Mrs. Peggy H Charity 'and Children 

King, J. W. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

King, Mrs. Jevelyn (MH) Cottage Parent 

King, Robert L Social Service 

King, William (MH) Farm 

Kirkman, A. Victor, Jr Social Service 

*Mr. Archibald Johnson died on December 27, 1934. He had served as editor of 
Charity and Children since 1895. 

fMr. C. B. Johnson died on April 24, 1962, while plowing in the field. 



Appendix 173 

Koontz, Mrs. Frances (MH) Office Secretary 

Kornegay, Mrs. Annie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Kruger, Mrs. Myrl (KH) Nurse 

Kyle, Mrs. Peggy (KH) Cottage Parent 

Lackey, Mrs. Sandra Morris (MH) Child Development Center 

Lail, Mrs. Donna B Social Service 

Lambert, James M. (MH ) Pastor 

Lambert, Mrs. James M. (MH) Child Development Center 

Lambeth, Mrs. June H Charity and Children 

Laney, John M. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds; Cottage Parent 

Laney, Mrs. John M. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Laney, Miss Shelia Ann Charity and Children 

Lang, Marietta R. (KH) Laundry 

Lankford, Mrs. Ella (MH) Cottage Parent 

Lawson, Kelly Charity and Children 

Latham, Mrs. Helen (KH) Cottage Parent 

Laws, L. (KH) Night Watchman 

Leary, David O. (KH) Pastor 

Leary, Mrs. David O. (KH) Education & Music 

Leath, Mrs. Polly (MH & KH) Cottage Parent 

Lee, Miss Bettye Joyce (MH) Nurse 

Lee, Mrs. Charles (MH) Child Development Center 

Lee, Sandra Gale (Miss) (MH) Education 

Ledwell, Jerry Charity and Children 

Leland, Francis Charity and Children 

Leonard, Mrs. Gertrude (MH) Cottage Parent 

Leonard, Harold D Charity and Children 

Lewis, A. J. (MH) Teacher 

Lewis, Tommy N Charity and Children 

Lide, Eula W. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Limer, Miss Bernice _ Social Service 

Little, Mrs. Jeraleen B. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Little, Kenneth (MH) Music 

Little, Mrs. Kenneth (MH) Music 

Little, Steve M. (KH ) Recreation 

Little, Mrs. Trula (KH) _ Cottage Parent 

Llewllyn, R. T. (MH) Teacher 

Locklear, Mrs. Henrietta (OH) Cottage Parent 

Locklear, Joel (OH) Cottage Parent & Recreation 

Locklear, Mrs. Joel (OH) Cottage Parent 

Long, Mrs. Dianne (MH) Cottage Parent 

Lopp, Mrs. John (MH) Cottage Parent 

Lopp, Roy (MH) Farm; Manager, Food Storage Plant 

Lopp, Mrs. Roy (MH) Locker; Office Secretary 

Lord, W. B. (MH) Music Teacher 

Lord, Mrs. W. B. (MH) Music Teacher 

Louya, A. C. (MH) Chief Plumber 

Lovelace, A. C. (MH) School Principal 

Lovett, Emory (KH) Farm; Cottage Parent 

Lovett, Mrs. Emory (KH) Cottage Parent 

Lovingood, Paul (MH) _ Recreation 

Lowder, Mrs. Victoria (MH) Infirmary 

Mabe, Mrs. Marie B. (KH) Nurse 

Mabe, Raymond Social Service 

Mack, Miss Louise (KH) Recreation 

McBride, Miss Lucy (KH) Cottage Parent 

McClenny, Mrs. Oleta (MH) Cottage Parent 

McCormick, Miss Hessie (KH) Library 



174 Appendix 

McCormick, Miss Virginia (MH) Cottage Parent 

McCracken, Miss Sallie* (MH) Secretary to Gen. Supt.; Research Secretary 

McCredie, Miss Mary Ella Social Service 

McCulloch, W. W. (MH) Teacher 

McCulloch, Mrs. W. W. (MH) Teacher 

McCurdy, Mrs. Helen (MH) Cottage Parent 

McDade, Frank P. (KH) Farm Manager 

McDonald, Glenn (MH) Cottage Parent 

McDonald, Mrs. Glenn (MH) Cottage Parent 

McDonald, W. R. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

McGuire, D. Dwight Charity and Children 

McHargue, Miss Swannie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mclntyre, Donald Ray (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mclntyre, Mrs. Donald Ray (MH) Cottage Parent 

McKenzie, Mrs. Armentine (MH) Cottage Parent 

McKoin, C. C. (MH) Farm Manager 

McKoin, Mrs. C. C, Jr Charity and Children 

McLean, Mrs. W. H. (KH) Cottage Parent 

McLendon, Joseph Parker (MH) Superintendent 

McManus, Miss Arbutus (MH) Teacher 

McMillan, John Arch Editor Charity and Children 

McMillan, Miss Louise Acting Editor Charity and Children 

McMillan, Miss Mary Johnson Social Service 

McMillan, Miss Susie — Teacher 

McSwain, Miss Faye (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mallpass, Mrs. Nora (KH) .Cottage Parent 

Mallpass, Mrs. Susie (KH) .' Cottage Parent 

Manis, Mrs. Helen Social Service 

Marlowe, Mrs. J. F. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Marlowe, Tom (MH) Recreation & Scouts 

Marlowe, Mrs. Tom (MH) Cottage Parent; Charity and Children 

Marsden, Mrs. Annie B Social Service 

Martin, William M. (MH) Farm 

Mason, Mrs. Beulah (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mason, Miss Nancy Charity and Children 

Matthews, Miss Beulah (KH) Cottage Parent 

Mauney, Miss Helen Burt Social Service 

Maynard, Nelson Charity and Children 

Meachum, Miss Louise H. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Meadows, Mrs. Doris Charlene Social Service 

Mellons, Mrs. Thelma (MH) Cottage Parent 

Miller, Mrs. Dorothy D. (MH) Child Development Center 

Miller, Miss Fannie (MH) Infirmary 

Miller, Miss Florence (MH) Laundry 

Miller, Miss Frances (MH) Teacher 

Miller, L. V. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Miller, Mrs. L. V. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mills, Mrs. Etta (KH) Cottage Parent 

Mills, Miss Maggie (MH) Laundry 

Millsaps, Worth C. (MH) Mailman 

Minton, Blan V Social Service 

Mintz, Miss Beulah (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mitchell, Mrs. Daisy Andreoli (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mitchell, Mrs. Swannie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Mitchell, W. M. (KH) Farm 

Mizelle, Miss Willie Perkins (MH) Cottage Parent; Music 

Modlin, Mrs. Katie (KH) Infirmary 

Montague, Miss Rowana (MH) _ Cottage Parent 



♦Died December 2, 1969 



Appendix 175 

Montsinger, Miss Waneta (MH) Teacher 

Moore, Mrs. Annie Mae (KH) Cottage Parent 

Moore, Miss Carol Sumerlin Social Service 

Moore, Mrs. George (MH) „ Cottage Parent 

Moore, Miss Laura (KH) Cottage Parent 

Moore, V. T. (KH) .Farm & Campus 

Moore, Mrs. V. T. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Moore, William (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Moorefield, Mrs. Joe (MH) Cottage Parent 

Morgan, Miss Lottie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Morgan, Roy (MH) Mailman; Cottage Parent 

Morgan, Mrs. Roy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Morris, Arthur (MH) Farm 

Morris, C. J Purchasing Agent 

Morris, Mrs. C. J Assistant Purchasing Agent 

Morton, Miss Barbara S. (MH) Social Service 

Moseley, Mrs. Ada (KH) Cottage Parent 

Motsinger, Lee (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Moye, Mrs. Jane (KH) „ Office Secretary 

Moye, Mrs. Lillian (KH) Cottage Parent 

Mull, Mrs. Silver (MH) Cottage Parent 

Mumford, Miss Howard (MH) Teacher 

Mundaugh, E. G Charity and Children 

Murphree, Marvin (MH ) Administration 

Murphree, Mrs. Marvin (MH) „ Development Department Secretary 

Muth, Riman E Treasurer 

Muth, Mrs. Riman E.* Social Service 

Myers, D. Russell Social Service 

Myers, Mrs. D. Russell Social Service 

Myers, Willard (MH) Supt. Bldgs. & Grounds 

Myers, Mrs. Willard Charity and Children 

Nance, Mrs. Betty Jean (MH) Child Development Center 

Nance, Mrs. Emily Social Service 

Nance, Wayne „ Charity and Children 

Nanney, Miss Emma (MH) Infirmary 

Neighbors, Everett P Charity and Children 

Nelson, Mrs. Bruce (MH) Office 

Newman, Miss Elsie Social Service 

Nifong, Mrs. Elma Joyce (MH) Cottage Parent 

Nipper, Mrs. Ola (MH) Cottage Parent 

Norman, John L. (KH) Social Service 

Norris, David A. (MH) Social Service 

Norris, Mrs. David A. (MH) Social Service 

Norris, Harless Jackson (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Norris, Mrs. Harless Jackson Cottage Parent 

O'Brian, Mrs. L. R. (KH) Cottage Parent; Music 

O'Hara, Mrs. Lucy Crisp (KH) Cottage Parent 

Olive, Miss Myra (MH) Teacher 

Oliver, Miss Annie Pearl (MH) Infirmary 

Olney, Miss Lottie (MH) Teacher 

Orman, Mrs. Elaine Nance (MH) Child Development Center 

Osborne, Mrs. Jane G. (MH) Child Development Center 

Osborne, Mrs. S. L. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Owen, Miss Annie (MH) Sewing Room 



•Some of these years Mrs. Muth was not connected with the Homes, but most of the 
time she was serving in one of the Homes or as director of the casework center at 
Chapel Hill. 



176 Appendix 

Oxendine, Mrs. Lula (OH) Cottage Parent 

Oxendine, Mrs. Stella (OH) Cottage Parent 

Packer, Mrs. Edith (MH) Cottage Parent 

Padgett, Miss Anita (MH) Nurse 

Page, Miss Sheryl Carol Social Service 

Painter, Mrs. Lenora (MH) Cottage Parent 

Pappas, Mrs. Fay (MH) Cottage Parent 

Parker, Mrs. Peggy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Parker, Mrs. Sudie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Parker, Mrs. W. B. (KH) Infirmary 

Parrish, Miss Nancy B Social Service 

Parsons, Frank (MH) Cottage Parent 

Parsons, Mrs. Frank (MH) Cottage Parent 

Parsons, Mrs. Roberta Charity and Children 

Pass, Miss Joyce Social Service 

Pate, Jackie (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Payne, Mrs. Josie (MH) Infirmary 

Payne, Robert (MH) Farm 

Pearson, Mrs. Helen (MH).... Cottage Parent; Dietitian in Employees' Cottage 

Pendergraft, Lloyd Charity and Children 

Perkins, Mrs. Dorris (KH) Cottage Parent 

Perreault, William D., Jr Social Service 

Perry, Miss Elva (KH) Secretary; Scout Leader 

Petrie, Mrs. J. D. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Phelps, Jake (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Phelps, Mrs. Nannie (MH)..... Cottage Parent 

Phelps, Mrs. Tamra L Social Service 

Phillips, Frank, Jr. (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Phillips, Mrs. J. W Social Service 

Phillips, James E. (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Phillips, Miss Naomi (MH) Teacher 

Pierce, Wade (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Pigford, Mrs. Lily Kyle (MH) Teacher 

Pinnix, Mrs. Lugenia (MH) Cottage Parent 

Pipkin, Andrew F., Jr. (KH) Farm 

Pipkins, John C Charity and Children 

Pipkins, Mrs. Ruby (KH) Cottage Parent 

Pittman, Miss Fannie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Pleasant, Mrs. Earl Charity and Children 

Poindexter, Mrs. Gladys (KH) Secretary 

Pollock, Elder (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Ponder, Charles B. (OH) Cottage Parent 

Ponder, Mrs. Charles B. (OH) Cottage Parent 

Poteat, Richard Wilson (KH) Supervisor & Coordinator of Farm 

Powell, Reverend F. M. (MH) Interim Pastor 

Powell, Miss Lena Grace Social Service 

Powell, Miss Mary Hester Social Service 

Powers, Mrs. Hilda Marvina Social Service 

Price, Mrs. Margaret B Social Service 

Price, Miss Zelma (KH) Cottage Parent 

Pridgen, Reverend Paul, Jr. (KH) Pastor 

Pridgen, Mrs. Paul, Jr. (KH) Music 

Pringle, Ernest (MH) _ Farm 

Pritchard, Miss Lucy (MH) Cottage Parent 

Pruitt, Mrs. Pearl (KH) Cottage Parent 

Putnam, Miss Elizabeth (MH) Cottage Parent 

Quattlebeaum, Miss Julia (MH) Teacher 

Quinn, S. Afton Director, Social Service Dept. 

Quinn, Mrs. S. Afton _ Charity and Children 



Appendix 111 

Rabb, Mrs. J. P. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Raines, Mrs. Clarice (MH) Teacher 

Rankin, Odell (MH) Cottage Parent 

Rankin, Mrs. Odell (MH) Cottage Parent 

Raper, Mrs. Lugenia (MH) Cottage Parent 

Raper, Sam L. (MH) Dairy; Farm 

Raper, Mrs. Sam L. (MH) Library 

Ratliff, Robert B. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ratliff, Mrs. Robert B. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ray, Miss Susan Ann Social Service 

Rector, Mrs. Zura (MH) Dietitian; Staff Building 

Reece, Davis N Social Service 

Reece, Mrs. Davis N. (MH) Education 

Reed, Miss Lucile (KH & MH) Secretary to Gen. Supt. 

Reed, W. C. (KH & MH) Supt. (KH); Gen. Supt. 

Reed, Mrs. W. C* Purchasing of Children's Clothes 

Reeves, Mrs. Velina (KH ) Laundry 

Reid, Horace (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Richardson, Van (MH & KH) Farm; Farm Supervisor 

Richardson, Mrs. Van (KH & MH) Sewing Room 

Rickman, Miss Minerva (MH) Office 

Riddle, Miss Edith (MH) Office 

Riggs, Fern T Social Service 

Ripple, Miss Lizzie (MH) Infirmary; Cottage Parent 

Roache, Miss Eunice (KH) Cottage Parent 

Roache, Mrs. Evelyn C Social Service 

Robbins, John R. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Roberts, John E Editor Charity and Children 

Roberts, Miss Kate (MH) Cottage Parent 

Roberts, Miss Lillian (MH) Cottage Parent 

Roberts, Miss Paralee (MH) Cottage Parent 

Robertson, Mrs. Thelma Fry (MH) Cottage Parent 

Robinson, J. C. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Rodwell, Miss Helen (MH) Teacher 

Rogers, Mrs. Chester (MH) Cottage Parent 

Rogers, Thomas Charity and Children 

Rohrbaugh, Alan L Social Service 

Ross, Mrs. Emily (KH) Cottage Parent 

Ross, Miss Joanne (KH) Music 

Rouse, Miss Edna (KH) „ Cottage Parent 

Rouse, Mrs. Mary L. (KH) Sewing Room 

Rowell, Miss Helen (MH) Office; Teacher 

Royse, Edgar (MH) Teacher 

Royse, Mrs. Edgar (MH) Teacher 

Rucker, Miss Alice (MH) Infirmary 

Rumfelt, Miss Ann Social Service 

Rumfelt, Miss Katheryn (KH) Music 

Russ, Mrs. Fannie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Russell, Miss Emily Social Service 

Russell, Glenn (MH) Farm 

Russell, Mrs. Naomi (MH) Cottage Parent 

Safriet, William A Social Service 

Sain, Mrs. Evelyn (MH) Cottage Parent 

Sain, Fred (MH) Cottage Parent; Farm 

Sain, Mrs. Fred (MH) Cottage Parent 

Sanders, Lemuel (KH) Cottage Parent 



*At Mills Home Mrs. Reed spent full time for eight years helping children select 
their clothes without any salary. 



178 Appendix 

Sanders, Mrs. Lemuel (KH) Cottage Parent 

Sanders, Mrs. Queen E. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Sanders, Mrs. Zaley M. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Sanderson, Mrs. Nellie (KH) Cottage Parent 

Sasser, Mrs. H. I. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Saunders, Robert W. (MH) Administration 

Savage, Thomas Social Service 

Saviile, Miss Doris (MH) Cottage Parent 

Scarborough, Mrs. Maggie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Scott, Orville L Editor Charity and Children 

Scott, Mrs. Orville L Education 

Seagle, Mrs. Maude (MH) Cottage Parent 

Seivelle, Mrs. Fannie W. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Sellers, Mrs. B. A. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Sellers, Mrs. Melissa Social Service 

Sexton, Mrs. Lela (MH) Cottage Parent 

Sharber, William G Charity and Children 

Sherman, Miss Willie (MH) Sewing Room 

Shockey, Mrs. J. N. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Shoemaker, Leon Social Service 

Shoemaker, Mrs. Leon (MH) Development Department 

Shooter, Mrs. Mary (OH) Cottage Parent 

Short, Miss Margaret Social Service 

Sides, Mrs. Inabelle L. (MH) Child Development Center 

Sigmon, Marley (MH) Teacher 

Sigmon, Mrs. Marley (MH) Teacher 

Simmons, Mrs. Pearl (KH) Cottage Parent 

Simmons, Russell F. (KH) Farm 

Simmons, Mrs. Russell F Cottage Parent 

Simpson, Miss Betsy Social Service 

Sink, Mrs. Jackie (MH) Office 

Sink, Joe Alfred Charity and Children 

Sisk, Mrs. Mae Van Social Service 

Sisk, William A. (MH) Farm; Director of Campus Life 

Sisk, Mrs. William A. (MH) Office 

Skaggs, Romulus (MH) School Principal 

Skaggs, Mrs. Romulus (MH) Teacher 

Slate, Thomas O. (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Slate, Mrs. Thomas O. (KH) Laundry 

Slaton, Mrs. J. E. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Smith, Miss Annie Social Service 

Smith, Miss Annie Mae (KH) Cottage Parent 

Smith, Miss Elizabeth (KH) Social Service 

Smith, Mrs. Exie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Smith, Miss Ida (KH) Cottage Parent 

Smith, H. B. (MH) Farm 

Smith, Miss Linda D. (MH) Office 

Smith, Mrs. Mae Vann Social Service 

Smith, Marion S Social Service 

Smith, Mrs. Paul (MH) Cottage Parent 

Smith, Reverend R. F., Jr. (KH) Pastor 

Smith, Mrs. R. F., Jr. (KH) Music 

Smith, Roscoe (KH) Farm 

Smith, Mrs. Rosebud (MH) Cottage Parent 

Smith, W. A. (KH) Superintendent, Kennedy Home 

Smith, Mrs. W. A. (KH) Assistant Superintendent 

Smoot, Richard A „ „ Charity and Children 

Sneed, Miss Elizabeth (MH) _ Teacher 

Snyder, Mrs. Charlotte (MH) Child Development Center 

Southerland, Gerald Social Service 



Appendix 179 

Sparks, Miss Bobby Charity and Children 

Sparrow, Mickey (MH) Recreation 

Sparrow, Miss Patsy „ Social Service 

Sparrow, Vernon S. (MH) Supt. Mills Home 

Sparrow, Mrs. Vernon S. (MH) Supply Cottage Parent 

Speight, Mrs. Margaret L Social Service 

Speight, Walter (KH) Cottage Parent; Campus 

Speight, Mrs. Walter (KH) Cottage Parent 

Spivey, E. T. (MH) Infirmary 

Sprinkle, Miss Evelyn (MH) Office 

Squire, Miss Margaret Social Service 

Stallings, Mrs. Emma L. (KH) _ Cottage Parent 

Stancil, Wilbur H Charity and Children 

Stanford, Mrs. Eva (MH) Infirmary 

Stanford, Robert —Social Service 

Starnes, Hugh H Social Service; now Supt. of Broyhill Home 

Starnes, Mrs. Hugh H Social Service 

Staton, Mrs. J. S. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Staton, Oberry (KH) Farm 

Steele, Glenn (MH) Cottage Parent 

Steele, Mrs. Glenn (MH) Cottage Parent 

Steele, James D. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Steele, Mrs. James D. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Stevens, Woodrow (MH) Cottage Parent; Charity and Children 

Stevens, Mrs. Woodrow (MH) Cottage Parent 

Stillwell, Miss Laura (KH) Cottage Parent 

Stone, Mrs. Bertha (MH) Recreation 

Stone, Mrs. Bess (KH) Cottage Parent 

Strickland, Mrs. Annie (OH ) Dietitian 

Strickland, Mrs. Annye (MH) Cottage Parent 

Strickland, B. F. (MH) Teacher 

Strickland, Miss Lizzie (KH) - Infirmary 

Stroud, Tolbert (MH ) Cottage Parent 

Stroud, Mrs. Tolbert (MH) Cottage Parent 

Stroupe, Miss Delia (MH) Teacher 

Stroupe, Miss Winnie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Stump, Robert R. (MH) Social Service 

Stump, Mrs. Robert R Education 

Styke, Miss Gloria (MH) Cottage Parent 

Suggs, Mrs. Josephine (KH) Cottage Parent 

Sumner, Mrs. Emma Alyce (KH) Cottage Parent 

Sutton, Miss Betty Jane (KH) Secretary 

Sutton, Claude (KH) Farm 

Sutton, Leroy (KH ) Farm 

Sutton, Rodd (KH) Farm 

Sutton, Sylvanus (KH) Farm 

Swain, Mrs. H. L. (MH) Sewing Room 

Swett, Tommy D. (OH) Superintendent 

Swett, Mrs. Tommy D. (OH) Cottage Parent 

Swing, Claude (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Swing, John (MH) Farm 

Swing, Mrs. John (MH) Supplies 

Taylor, Miss Elizabeth (MH) Teacher 

Taylor, Miss Geneva Mae (KH) Cottage Parent 

Templeton, Miss Elva (MH) Teacher 

Terrell, Miss Rebecca Jane (MH) Development Department 

Terrell, Miss Sharon Social Service 

Terrell, W. Isaac Pastor (MH) and Director Development Department 



180 Appendix 

Terrell, Mrs. W. Isaac Development Department 

Terrell, W. Isaac, Jr. (KH) Recreation 

Thaggard, Mrs. Janie (MH) „ Cottage Parent 

Tharrington, Miss Fern Social Service 

Thomas, Will Andrew Charity and Children 

Thomas, Guy P. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Thomas, Mrs. Guy P. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Thompson, Miss Nannie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Thompson, Mrs. Sarah (MH) Dietitian, Child Development Center 

Thompson, Mrs. Tisha Mae (MH) Cottage Parent 

Thrift, Mrs. Lillie S. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Tilghman, Warren D. (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds Supervisor 

Tingley, Mrs. Ella (MH) Cottage Parent 

Tolar, Mrs. Annie Worrell (OH) Cottage Parent 

Toler, Miss Dorothy (MH) Teacher 

Tomson, Thomas (MH) Farm 

Treatt, Mrs. T. (KH) Office; Teacher 

Troyer, Mrs. Sarah G. (KH) Infirmary 

Turnage. James W. (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Turner, Miss Eulalia (MH) Lady Manager 

Tutor, William (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Tuttle, Miss Allene (MH) Office 

Tyndall. Mrs. Ruby (KH) Cottage Parent 

Tyner, Mrs. Viola Price (KH) Cottage Parent 

VanHook, Miss Joyce Social Service 

Vassar, Miss Lucille (MH) Cottage Parent 

Vester, Iola C. (MH) , Cottage Parent 

Wade, Jesse (KH) Night Watchman 

Wagoner, Miss Janet Anne (MH) Child Development Center 

Wagoner, W. R General Superintendent; President 

Wagoner, Mrs. W. R. (MH) Director, Child Development Center 

Waldrop, W. D. * Galloway Farm 

Walker, Mrs. Emily G. (MH) Child Development Center 

Walker, Melvin (MH & KH) Office at MH; Asst. Supt. (KH) 

Walker, Mrs. Melvin (MH & KH) Cottage Parent; Office 

Walker, Miss Rose Marie Social Service 

Walker, Mrs. Sirrena (MH) Cottage Parent 

Walker, Willie E. (KH) Manager, Food Locker Plant 

Walmer, William E., Jr Cottage Parent 

Wall, Brantley (MH) Farm 

Wall, Mrs. Dorothy P. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wall, Dr. Zeno General Supt. 

Walston, Mrs. Esther (KH) Cottage Parent 

Walther, Fred A. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Walther, Mrs. Fred A. (MH) Cottage Parent 

Walton, Miss Dorothy (KH) Cottage Parent 

Walton, Reverend J. O. (MH) Pastor 

Ward, Joe Anne, Miss (MH) Child Development Center 

Ward, Miss Esther (MH & KH) Cottage Parent 

Ward, Mrs. Katherine (MH) Cottage Parent 

Ward, Miss Nancy Social Service 

Wartman, Mrs. Annie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Warner, Miss Julia (MH) Teacher 

Watson, Mrs. R. Donald Child Development Center 

Watson, Miss Gloria Social Service 

Watson, R. Donald Social Service 

*Mr. Waldrop managed a farm in Henderson County that was given to the Homes by 
two Galloway sisters. Later the farm was sold. 



Appendix 181 

Weathersbee, Mrs. Marguerite K Social Service 

Weaver, Miss Bessie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Webb, Mrs. Martha (MH) Cottage Parent 

Webster, Mrs. Leo (MH) Cottage Parent 

Weimer, Miss Elaine (MH) Child Development Center 

Wells, Miss Estelle (KH) Laundry 

Wells, Marvin (KH) _.._ Night Watchman 

Werner, Mrs. Delia (MH) Cottage Parent 

West, Mrs. Estelle C. (MH) Teacher 

Wester, Mrs. Venus (MH) Cottage Parent 

White, Elwood (KH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

White, Mrs. Emma (MH) Cottage Parent 

White, Mrs. Grace (MH) Cottage Parent 

White, Miss Ella (KH) Cottage 

White, J. A. (MH) Night Watchman 

White, J. Eugene Editor, Charity and Children 

White, Miss Lucile (MH) Teacher 

White, Odell (KH ) Farm 

Whitener, Miss Lucile (KH) Cottage Parent 

Whitley, Tom Charity and Children 

Whittington, James Charity and Children 

Whittington, Mrs. W. W. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Wilder, A. D. (KH ) Farm 

Wilder, Mrs. Maggie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilder, Mrs. Pearl (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wiley, Thomas Charity and Children 

Wilkie, Reverend E. Cleveland (KH) Pastor 

Wilkie, Mrs. E. Cleveland (KH) Music 

Willingham, Miss Christine _ Social Service 

Williams, Mrs. Alice (KH) Cottage Parent; Dietitian 

Williams, Mrs. Ben (MH ) Library 

Williams, E. G. (KH) Night Watchman 

Williams, J. W. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Williams, Rev. Roger E., Jr Pastor, (MH); Superintendent (KH) 

Williams, Mrs. Roger E., Jr. (KH) C.D.C., 1969; Administration 

Willis, Miss Bertha (MH) Teacher; Director of Recreation 

Wilson, Dewey (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Wilson, Mrs. Dewey (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilson, Miss Fannie (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilson, Glenn (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilson, Mrs. Glenn (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilson, Miss Irene (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilson, Miss Imogene (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilson, Mrs. Lena (MH) Cottage Parent 

Wilson, V. (MH) Shoe Shop 

Wilkins, Mrs. George (KH) Cottage Parent 

Winberry, Miss Carolyn Social Service 

Windham, Walter L. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Windham, Mrs. Walter L. (KH) Cottage Parent 

Windley, Miss Minerva Social Service 

Winningham, Miss Ann Social Service 

Winship, Miss Marie Locklear (OH) Cottage Parent 

Withers, J. W. (MH) Recreation 

Wood, Bill (KH) Farm 

Wood, Mrs. Bill (KH) Cottage Parent 

Wood, Mrs. Carrie (MH) Infirmary 

Wood, L. C. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Wood, Walter* (MH & OH) Superintendent, Greer Home 

Wood, Mrs. Walter (MH & GH).Asst. Superintendent, Greer Home, 1964-1968 



182 Appendix 

Woodson, Mrs. Sue (MH) Cottage Parent 

Womble, Herbert (KH) Farm 

Workman, Mrs. James (MH) Cottage Parent 

Worthen, Miss Elizabeth (MH) „ Secretary Superintendent 

Wray, Carl J. (MH) Bldgs. & Grounds 

Wright, Miss Mildred (MH) Office 

Wright, Miss Sue (MH) Sewing Room 

Wyatt, Miss Ruby (KH) Secretary to Superintendent 

Wysong, Mrs. Lula (MH) Cottage Parent 

York, Miss Mary Social Service 

Young, Mrs. Ruth (KH) Cottage Parent 

Young, James Charity and Children 

Zevely, Daryl (MH) _ Recreation 



Appendix B 

Alumni Association Presidents 
Mills Home and Kennedy Home 

The Alumni Association at Mills Home was established in 1911. 

1911 Miss Estelle Cox 

1912 Cyrus M. Howell 
1930 Wayne McDaniels 

1935 Wayne McDaniels 

1936 H. Ted Hethcock 

1937 H. Ted Hethcock 

1938 Mrs. C. M. Howell (May Amnions) 

1939 Roland Cain 

1940 Arthur Whitehurst 

1941 A. Macrae Buchanan 

1942 Mrs. J. O. Bailey (Mary Misenheimer) 

(Due to gasoline rationing during World War II, no further meetings were 
held until 1945.) 

1945 Mrs. J. O. Bailey 

1946 Mrs. J. O. Bailey 

1947 Carl Leonard 

1948 Carl Leonard 

1949 Nelson Hayes 

1950 Cyrus R. Harrington 

1951 Cyrus R. Harrington 

1952 Roland Cain 

1953 Roland Cain 

1954 Douglas Hobby 

1955 Douglas Hobby 

1956 Dr. E. Ted Chandler 
1957-1958 B. Cleveland Wilkie 
1959-1960 Cyrus R. Harrington 

1961-1962 Mrs. Lester Holloway (Emily Lyon) 
1963-1964-1965 Joseph F. Hawkins 
1966-1967 DonMcCarson 
1968-1969 Everett Smith 
1970-1971 Mace Brown 



♦Mr. Wood served with distinction until his death in 1967. 



Appendix 183 

The Alumni Association at Kennedy Home was established in 1932. 

1932 Julius Coggins 

1933 Julius Coggins 

1934 Mrs. Joden Cranford 

1935 Jessie Sellers 

1936 Evelyn Lane 

1937 Evelyn Lane 

1938 (None) 

1939 Jack Gattis 

1940 Lindsey Bass 

1941 Nelson A. Hayes 

1942 Nelson A. Hayes 

1943 Nelson A. Hayes 

1944 Nelson A. Hayes 

1945 Nelson A. Hayes 

1946 R. M. Barefoot 

1947 Lindsey Bass 

1948 Lindsey Bass 

1949 Lindsey Bass 

1950 Buster Tant 

1951 Deaver Shell 

1952 Lester Laws 

1953 Arnold Medford 

1954 Arnold Medford 

1955 Lindsey Bass 

1956 Lindsey Bass 

1957 James Bridges 

1958 James Bridges 

1959 James McKee 

1960 James McKee 

1961 Gibbs Moore 

1962 Gibbs Moore 
1963-1964 R. M. Barefoot 
1965-1966 Charles Flynn 
1967-1968 Charles Hester 
1969-1970 Robert Doyle 
1971-1972 James McKee 



Appendix C 

Alumni Lost in Recent Wars 

In World War I, forty of the boys reared at the Homes served in the armed 
services. Four were killed: 
Adlai Stevens 
Charles C. Cook 
William M. Bazemore 
Arthur R. Howell 

In World War II, three hundred and twelve boys from the Homes served 
their country with distinction. Eleven were killed in action: 
Clifton Benton 
Virgil Briles 
Edgar J. Green 
Charles E. Gallimore 
Alford Haire 



184 Appendix 

Lucian Malpass 
James B. Norville 
Clyde V. Owens 
William D. Ross 
Wilbur Spaul 
Bennie Thomas 

In the Korean War, one hundred and seventy-five of our boys answered the 
call of duty and served with dedication. So far as we know, none were killed in 
action. 

In the war in Vietnam, over two hundred have entered the service. We know 
of only one who has been killed in action: Peter W. Fields. 



AFTERWORD 
By Mrs. W. C. Reed 

The last day of W. C.'s life was spent working on this book. He had 
worked on the tedious task of making an appendix with the name of 
everyone who ever worked in the Baptist child care program between 
1932 and 1970. He was finishing this part of the book on August 30, 
an hour before he was stricken with a heart attack. He died on August 
31, 1970. 

This book was a labor of love. With all his heart he wanted to write 
the history of Baptist child care, and yet he was not sure he could. 
After having thought it over for several weeks, he said to me one day, 
"I am going to undertake this assignment the Trustees have asked me 
to do, and I hope I can live to finish it." He thought he could work 
persistently and regularly, but he found many other calls of service 
that took time from the book. He would often say before going into 
his study, "I hope I don't have too many interruptions this morning. 
Time is running out, and I must get this finished." He did get it 
finished, just when time did run out. 

* * * 

Going into child care work was a hard decision for us to make. We 
were happy in Maiden — it was the only full-time pastorate that W. C. 
ever accepted. But we never doubted for one moment that we were 
following God's will for our lives. When we moved to Kennedy Home 
in 1943, the first thing we did was to visit the children and their house- 
parents in each of the cottages. Our first project was learning the 
names of all the children. After this period of visitation, we sat down 
and looked at each other, a little frightened at the task before us. W. C. 
said, "What do you think we can do with this big number of children 
to be father and mother to?" He followed this statement quickly by 
saying, "We must never in any way make the children feel we are try- 
ing to take the place of their parents. We must be very careful about 
that." My comment was, "We will just try to guide them like we be- 
lieve good parents should. When there is a problem, we can always ask 
ourselves what we would do for our own child." 

Not long after, a houseparent came to the office to say that one of 
her boys had taken a five-dollar bill from her billfold. W. C. went to 
her cottage and talked to the boys. I didn't know until several years 
after we retired how he handled this situation. It was the occasion of 
the homecoming. I saw this boy who was now in the armed services 



186 Afterword 

come rushing up to W. C. He looked like he was really glad to see 
him. After shaking hands and hugging each other, they laughed and 
talked together. Then there was a serious moment. I saw the boy 
pull out an envelope and put it in W. C.'s pocket and walk away. He 
didn't come by to speak to me; he just kept on walking. On our way 
home that afternoon I asked about the boy. W. C. handed me the 
envelope. In it was a five-dollar bill. "You remember the boy who took 
the money from the housemother? This was the boy. He came to me 
on the campus and told me all about it. I gave him the money to 
replace it after he and his housemother had come to an understanding. 
That was our secret. He was to pay me back when he had earned some 
money." I guess I would never have known about the incident if I had 
not witnessed the scene and asked. 

As child after child came to live with us, sometimes an entire family 
of five or six children, there was always a big question in our minds: 
"What then will this child be?" We had to realize our limitations. The 
terrible upheavals, disappointments, rejections, losses, and mistreat- 
ments that each child had suffered, along with whatever wholesome 
experiences, were now a part of his life pattern. They could not be 
erased or undone. We had to take him as he was, with negative as 
well as positive behavior patterns. This was our starting point. Another 
limitation we had to recognize was the child's heritage. Some of the 
children had superior mental ability, others were average, while still 
others were limited. Each child was a very special individual and had 
to be treated accordingly. Our greatest resource, as I looked at the 
situation, was the love to meet each child's needs. 

This realization came to me forcibly one day after W. C. had 
taken two days to work with a boy who was about to be dismissed 
from college. The day they returned after the difficulty had been 
resolved, the young man said to W. C, "I never knew you loved me 
like this. I thought you were paid to love me." 

W. C. had the utmost faith in all the children who belonged to our 
big family. He firmly believed that God had a plan for each child, and 
it was up to us to help this child discover the plan for his life. He 
thought that every staff member, regardless of his position, had an 
opportunity and a responsibility to set an example of high ideals and to 
lend a hand to help a child find his way. He worked out, -through ex- 
perience and observation, a philosophy for the staff. Each member 
should be self-disciplined, have a listening ear, be able to forgive and 
forget, have an abundance of patience and compassion, and have an 
educational background sufficient to be of service to a child in search 
of knowledge. 



Afterword 187 

With the large number of children we had in some of the cottages in 
those days, the houseparents had all they could do to keep order, 
mend clothes, do housework, and see that the children had medical at- 
tention. Our big concern was to try to find ways and means to reduce 
the number of children in a cottage so that the houseparent would 
have time to listen to each child and try to make him feel needed and 
wanted. 

There were so many applications and such need during those 
depression years that it was difficult to cut down on the number of 
children. When there were more funds available so that extra case 
workers could be added to the staff, the case workers were able to 
rehabilitate some of the children's homes so that they could go back to 
their parents. They also found foster homes for some of the children 
who needed that kind of service. Mother's Aid always helped in a big 
way to keep a family together until they could qualify for Federal aid. 
All these services slowly but surely helped cut down the number of 
children in a cottage. 

We soon learned, after coming into the child care program, that the 
key to group living was trained houseparents. In the meetings of the 
different child-care agencies, there was much discussion on this sub- 
ject. There was a committee appointed at the Tri-State Conference to 
explore the possibilities of setting up a program of training for house- 
parents at the University of North Carolina under the supervision of 
the School of Social Work. W. C. was asked to be chairman. He at 
once got in touch with Dr. Alan Keith-Lucas, and with his help and 
supervision the training program became a reality. It is both amazing 
and gratifying to look back and realize the progress this training pro- 
gram has made in the Children's Homes over the years. 

We were connected with the Children's Home Program for more 
than a quarter of a century. These were exciting years. How thrilling to 
look back now at the beginnings, the struggles, the mistakes and heart- 
aches, and finally to see some of our fondest dreams come true. There 
are the hundreds of children who have gone out from the Homes who 
are making a fine contribution to society. There is the Broyhill Home 
in the Western part of the state, almost ready for the children to move 
into. There is the Greer Home at Chapel Hill for emotionally dis- 
turbed children, and the Home for Unwed Mothers at Asheville. 
There is the training program at Chapel Hill where houseparents 
from all parts of the United States are coming for training. And 
there is the cottage on the beach at Morehead City where all the 
children can go for vacations. But most gratifying of all is to see the 
relaxed expressions on the faces of the children who now live in the 



188 Afterword 

cottages. This leads me to believe that they are getting answers to 
their perplexing problems and gaining self-esteem. 

Following his death, many friends of W. C. desired some tangible 
way to express their appreciation for the contribution he had made. 
The idea of the W. C. Reed Memorial Gymnasium, to be erected 
simultaneously with the Robinson Recreation Building at Kennedy 
Home, was born. Today a beautiful and spacious gymnasium stands 
on the Kennedy Home campus, built to his memory, and serving to 
bless the lives of children. 

These years have not only been exciting, even with some raindrops 
along the way, but they have been rewarding. Never a week goes by 
without hearing something from some of the children. There is a 
contentment that passes all understanding which has made the sunset 
years of our lives more beautiful and wonderful than the sunrise. 





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